Segregation then and now: Metro Detroit

Following the fire and violence of 1967, Detroit established itself as the most segregated metro area in the country, with African Americans confined to narrow sections of the city and much of the suburbs a no-go zone. (See a Bridge report on the changes.)

Today, hundreds of thousands of African Americans live in communities across the metro region, from the Grosse Pointes to Novi and Warren. But many still live in majority-black communities like Southfield, Pontiac, Inkster and River Rougeor in in majority-black neighborhoods within other cities.

The maps below show regional housing segregation patterns in 1970 and again in 2010. To see demographic changes from 1970 through 2014 by community, check out the database below the maps.

Muncipality County Total pop. Percent black
1970 2014 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2014
Detroit Wayne 1,511,482 695,437 43.7 62.7 75.3 81.2 82.2 80.7
Warren Macomb 179,260 134,398 0.1 0.2 0.7 2.7 13.4 15.1
Sterling Heights Macomb 61,365 130,604 0.1 0.2 0.4 1.3 5.1 5.1
Clinton Township Macomb 48,865 97,848 2.7 3.4 3 4.6 12.9 14.3
Dearborn Wayne 104,199 96,739 0 0.1 0.5 1.3 4 3.5
Livonia Wayne 110,109 95,888 0 0.1 0.3 0.9 3.4 3.1
Canton Township Wayne 11,026 89,672 0.6 1 2 4.5 10.1 9.9
Westland Wayne 86,749 83,188 2.6 2.6 3.3 6.7 17.1 18.6
Macomb Township Macomb 6,140 82,204 0 0.1 0.5 0.8 3.9 3.4
Troy Oakland 39,419 82,106 0 1 1.3 2.1 4 3.9
Farmington Hills Oakland 48,933 80,682 0.2 0.5 1.9 6.9 17.3 18.3
Shelby Township Macomb 29,467 75,178 0 0.4 0.3 0.8 3.1 2.8
Waterford Township Oakland 59,123 72,503 0.1 0.7 1 2.8 4.6 5.4
Southfield Oakland 69,285 72,480 0.1 9.2 28.9 54 69.9 69
Rochester Hills Oakland 24,513 72,195 0.5 0.7 1.3 2.4 4.5 5.5
West Bloomfield Township Oakland 28,563 65,419 0.1 0.5 2 5.1 11.3 13.1
Taylor Wayne 70,020 62,331 0 1.6 4.2 8.7 15.7 15.9
St. Clair Shores Macomb 88,093 59,865 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7 3.9 4.6
Pontiac Oakland 85,279 59,658 26.7 36.9 41.8 47.4 51.1 50.7
Royal Oak Oakland 85,499 58,382 0 0.2 0.5 1.5 4.2 3.2
Dearborn Heights Wayne 80,069 57,063 0 0.1 0.5 2.1 7.8 8.4
Novi Oakland 9,668 56,887 0.1 0.2 0.8 1.9 8.1 7.3
Redford Township Wayne 71,901 47,930 0 0.1 0.7 8.5 28.7 32
Roseville Macomb 60,529 47,408 1 1 1 2.6 11.7 14.1
Chesterfield Township Macomb 9,378 43,814 1.5 1 1.5 2.9 5.2 5.5
Bloomfield Township Oakland 42,788 41,571 0.5 1.3 2.4 4.3 6.7 7.5
Commerce Township Oakland 18,857 41,102 0 0.2 0.1 0.5 1.6 1.3
Lincoln Park Wayne 52,984 37,648 0 0.5 0.9 2 5.7 5.4
Orion Township Oakland 17,110 36,029 0.1 0.3 0.6 1.2 2.6 3
Independence Township Oakland 17,361 35,332 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.8 1.8 2.6
Eastpointe* Macomb 45,920 32,526 0 0.1 0.2 4.7 29.3 39.2
Brownstown Township Wayne 7,012 30,615 1.4 2.8 2.6 3.8 8.5 7.9
White Lake Township Oakland 14,311 30,552 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.8 1.1 2.1
Madison Heights Oakland 38,599 30,028 0 0.7 0.9 1.8 6.3 7.2
Southgate Wayne 33,909 29,710 0 0.8 1.2 2.1 5.4 5.5
Oak Park Oakland 36,762 29,622 0.2 12 34.1 45.7 57.1 57.7
Northville Township Wayne 9,522 28,682 12.3 5.5 6.1 4.3 3.6 3
Van Buren Township Wayne 13,162 28,553 0.4 3.8 7.6 12 28.5 28.5
Allen Park Wayne 40,747 27,869 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.7 2.1 2.1
Garden City Wayne 41,864 27,356 0 0.1 0.2 1.1 3.4 2.2
Plymouth Township Wayne 17,497 27,255 2.8 1.3 1.2 2.9 2.1 2.3
Washington Township Macomb 7,526 25,721 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 1.5 1.9
Wyandotte Wayne 41,061 25,470 0 0.1 0.2 0.5 1.3 1.1
Inkster Wayne 38,595 25,056 44.5 56.4 62.2 67.3 72.6 76.1
Harrison Township Macomb 18,755 24,738 3.9 1.9 2 2.4 7.4 10.2
Romulus Township Wayne 22,879 23,721 12.1 17.4 21.7 29.8 42.7 42.4
Hamtramck Wayne 27,245 22,256 12 12.9 14 14.9 19.1 13.8
Auburn Hills Oakland 13,219 21,639 0.5 7.2 9.5 13.1 18.1 15.3
Oxford Township Oakland 8,489 20,882 0.1 0 0.3 0.4 1.3 0.9
Birmingham Oakland 26,170 20,382 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.9 3 3.5
Ferndale Oakland 30,850 20,102 0.3 0.4 1.4 3.4 9.4 8
Highland Township Oakland 8,372 19,452 0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Trenton Wayne 24,127 18,635 0 0.1 0.2 0.4 1.3 2.7
Oakland Township Oakland 4,793 17,705 0 0.3 0.4 2 2.3 3.3
Wayne Wayne 21,054 17,314 0.1 5.3 7.5 11.3 16.8 15.8
Hazel Park Oakland 23,784 16,532 0 0.1 0.4 1.6 9.7 10.4
Mount Clemens Macomb 20,476 16,345 16.2 18.1 17.6 19.5 24.5 27.4
Milford Township Oakland 7,256 16,109 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.9
Grosse Pointe Woods Wayne 21,878 15,943 0 0.1 0.1 0.6 4.5 5.8
Huron Township Wayne 8,030 15,782 0 0 0.3 1 2.5 3.7
Lyon Township Oakland 4,500 15,736 0 0.1 0 0.4 1.4 1.2
Brandon Township Oakland 4,813 15,359 0 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.8 0.3
Berkley Oakland 22,618 15,136 0 0.1 0.2 0.7 2.9 2.8
Southfield Township Oakland 17,521 14,694 0.2 0.4 1.3 3.6 6.7 7.2
Fraser Macomb 11,868 14,544 0 0.1 0.2 0.9 3.9 8.3
Springfield Township Oakland 4,388 14,155 1.7 0.7 0.8 1 1.1 0.7
Harper Woods Wayne 20,186 14,058 0 0.1 0.9 10.2 45.3 49.3
Wixom Oakland 2,010 13,640 0 0.5 0.3 2.5 11 10.3
Rochester Oakland 7,054 12,872 0.2 0.7 1.2 2.2 3.6 4.8
Woodhaven Wayne 3,330 12,747 0 0.7 0.6 2.3 5.2 4.8
Riverview Wayne 11,342 12,347 0 0.8 1.2 2.1 3 4.8
New Baltimore Macomb 4,132 12,144 0 0.3 0.5 0.5 2.7 1
Clawson Oakland 17,617 11,943 0 0.1 0.2 0.8 1.9 1
Fenton Oakland 8,284 11,601 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.6 1.3 0.9
South Lyon Oakland 2,675 11,514 0 0 0.1 0.4 0.8 1.7
Holly Township Oakland 7,396 11,474 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.3
Grosse Pointe Park Wayne 15,585 11,412 0.1 0.2 0.9 2.9 10.5 9.6
Highland Park Wayne 35,444 10,951 55.3 83.5 92.4 93.1 93 90.6
Melvindale Wayne 13,862 10,584 0 0.4 2.8 5.2 10.8 13
Lenox Township Macomb 4,724 10,568 17.3 14.8 12.9 16.4 14.4 13.6
Farmington Oakland 13,337 10,472 0 0.1 0.8 2.7 11.3 11.1
Beverly Hills Oakland 13,598 10,368 0.1 0.4 2.3 3.1 6.6 7.3
Grosse Ile Township Wayne 7,799 10,264 0 0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.6
Flat Rock Wayne 5,643 9,859 0.1 1.2 0.7 1.4 4 8.1
Sumpter Township Wayne 8,091 9,435 19.4 15.9 13.6 12.3 11.9 9
Ecorse Wayne 17,515 9,401 38.3 39 39.1 40.4 46 42.5
Grosse Pointe Farms Wayne 11,701 9,371 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.6 1.7 1.3
Plymouth Wayne 11,758 9,029 0 0 0.3 0.6 1.6 1.6
Bruce Township Macomb 4,350 8,797 5.2 3.3 2.3 1.8 1.5 3.1
Center Line Macomb 10,379 8,279 0 0.1 0.8 3 11.9 14.9
River Rouge Wayne 15,947 7,761 31.9 32.6 35 41.8 49.8 54.5
Walled Lake Oakland 3,759 7,065 0 0.1 0.1 0.7 4.4 2.9
Addison Township Oakland 2,809 6,432 0 0 0.3 0.9 0.6 3.5
Rose Township Oakland 2,502 6,339 2.9 2.1 2 0.9 1.1 1.9
Milford Oakland 4,699 6,325 0 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.6 0.5
Huntington Woods Oakland 8,536 6,310 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 1 2.2
Holly Oakland 4,355 6,142 0 0.1 0.2 1.2 1.1 2.1
Northville Wayne 5,400 6,001 0.2 0.2 1.2 0.4 1.6 1.3
Richmond Macomb 3,234 5,800 0 0 0 0.2 1 4.3
Groveland Township Oakland 2,570 5,532 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.1 2.5
Armada Township Macomb 2,953 5,407 0 0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2
Grosse Pointe Wayne 6,637 5,350 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.8 3.2 0.6
Utica Macomb 3,504 4,747 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.9 1.9 5
New Haven Macomb 1,855 4,665 41.5 37.3 28.4 19.3 16.7 20
Gibraltar Wayne 3,325 4,602 0 0.2 0.2 0.5 2 2.5
Lathrup Village Oakland 1,429 4,109 0.1 3.9 22.8 49.7 60.9 68.5
Bloomfield Hills Oakland 3,672 3,925 0.8 0.7 1.3 1.6 4 1.4
Belleville Wayne 2,406 3,914 0 1.4 1.8 7.9 13.8 7.2
Ray Township Macomb 2,683 3,870 0.1 0 0 0.2 0.4 0.5
Richmond Township Macomb 1,719 3,631 0.2 2.5 1.5 1 0.9 0.9
Romeo Macomb 4,012 3,608 6.7 6.8 0.5 4.4 3.7 5.3
Oxford Oakland 2,536 3,488 0 0 0.8 0.6 1.8 0.9
Rockwood Wayne 3,119 3,243 0.1 0 1.1 0.7 1.6 0.3
Lake Orion Oakland 2,921 3,036 0 0 0.3 0.3 1.5 0.1
Grosse Pointe Shores Wayne 3,042 3,031 0.2 0.3 4.2 0.6 1.9 1.9
Keego Harbor Oakland 3,092 3,003 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6 5.9 5.9
Royal Oak Township Oakland 6,326 2,707 67 57.8 65.2 71.1 94.4 90.4
Pleasant Ridge Oakland 3,989 2,544 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.8 1.9 1.7
Orchard Lake Oakland 1,487 2,343 0.1 0.3 2.4 3.8 6.3 7.9
Armada Macomb 1,352 2,012 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2
Sylvan Lake Oakland 2,219 1,591 0.1 0.8 0.6 1.1 2.2 4.1
Ortonville Oakland 983 1,488 0.2 0 1.1 0.1 0.6 2
Bingham Farms Oakland 566 1,220 0 #N/A 2.5 5.5 7.6 12.5
Memphis Macomb 1,121 1,200 1.2 1 0.1 0.7 0.7 0.3
Clarkston Oakland 1,034 852 0 0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0
Leonard Oakland 378 407 0 #N/A 0 0.3 0.2 0
Lake Angelus Oakland 573 264 0 0 1.2 0.9 0.3 1.5
Novi Township Oakland 182 157 0.5 0 0 0 0 1.9

* formerly East Detroit
Source: U.S. Census

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