Michigan jails filled with unlicensed drivers, people who miss court dates

Michigan’s jail task force is finding that one explanation for the state’s crowded county jails is thousands of people being locked up for relatively minor charges rather than dangerous crimes. (File photo)

Early findings by a Michigan jail task force seeking to understand why the state’s jail population continues to grow, suggest one possible culprit: Plenty of people are behind bars for administrative rule-breaking and other non-violent crimes.  

Last year, for instance, the offense that generated the greatest number of arrests in Michigan was for failure to appear in court, Michigan State Police data show. 

Among other disclosures cited at a task force meeting Friday in Grand Rapids: a striking imbalance in the nature of arrests within the state. 

Arrests are involved in about 90 percent of criminal charges in Michigan, with defendants given citations in only about 10 percent of cases. The difference: Arrestees go to jail, while a person who is given a citation can be given a date to appear in court, with no stop in jail. 

Former House Speaker Craig DeRoche – a task force member – told Bridge Magazine the data laid out Friday point to an obvious starting place for jail reform. 

“What this tells me is that there are literally hundreds of thousands of people going in and out of jail every day that don’t need to be there,” said DeRoche, now senior vice president for Prison Fellowship, a nonprofit advocate for criminal justice reform.

“I’m talking about the 40 percent that are going in and out of jail for violations like driving without a license, for retail theft of less than a thousand dollars and for technical violations like not showing up for a meeting.

“The question is: Why did they go to jail in the first place?”

 

Crime in Michigan is falling. And yet the number of inmates in Michigan jails nearly tripled over a 30-year period, 5,700 jail inmates in 1975 to 16,600 in 2015.

Gov. Gretchen Whitmer formed the task force in April to expand alternatives to jail and reduce jail admissions and lengths of stay. The task force contracted with researchers at the Pew Charitable Trusts to dive into why people are being locked up in jails across the state, and recommend legal and policy strategies to alter jail practices. 

Former Holland GOP state Rep. Joe Haveman said the findings underscore the need for jail and prison reform. Haveman was a persistent criminal justice reform advocate during his six years in the state House.

“The statistics I hear is that most people do better when they are with their family and their home and their job. Incarceration should be kept for those individuals who are harmful to their community and are dangerous. That should be a guiding principle.”

Like many others, Haveman said he is mystified why Michigan’s jail population has not fallen along with the falling crime rates.

“Why is the jail population going up? I don’t know. It seems like we would want to keep that as low as possible.”

There could be growing momentum for some form of jail reform, as current GOP House Speaker Lee Chatfield co-authored with DeRoche and former GOP House Speaker Jase Bolger an opinion piece in May that stated in part: “We have to question whether incarceration protects families in Michigan or whether it tears them apart instead.”

Over the last decade, the number of citations issued in lieu of arrest has been cut in half, according to research by Pew, a Philadelphia-based nonprofit that is working with state and local officials across Michigan to compile the jail population findings.

Among some other findings released Friday included that nearly two-thirds of jail admissions are for misdemeanor charges.

And 12 percent of people released on bond were in jail for periods ranging from a week to more than a month. A third of this group spent at least two days in jail. 

Jail reform advocates say even brief stays can disrupt an inmate’s personal life, in some cases leading to job loss and a greater likelihood of committing another crime.

Long-term jail stays account for most of the jail population. Inmates with jail stays of less than a week accounted for 66 percent of jail admissions, for just 5 percent jail bed days. On the other hand, those who were in jail more than a month accounted for 17 percent of admissions, but 82 percent of jail bed days.

A Pew analysis earlier this year found that Michigan counties held 51 people in jail for every 100,000 residents in 1960. By 2017 ‒- with about the same crime rate as 1960 -‒ that rate soared to 163 people in county jails for every 100,000 residents.

That report also found a puzzling trend of higher incarceration rates in rural areas of Michigan. 

In 1978, the report found, 15 percent of all Michiganders in jail were held in rural counties, compared to 34 percent of all inmates in urban jails. That turned upside down by 2013, as the share of inmates in rural jails reached 24 percent of the state’s total jail population, compared to 19 percent in urban jails. The number of those held before trial also appears to be climbing in rural jails, while falling in urban jails.

 

Bridget McCormack, chief justice of the Michigan Supreme Court and a jail task force co-chair told Bridge on Friday she didn’t want to prejudge what reform measures the task force might endorse.

But McCormack said she was surprised by the finding that 17 percent of those jailed for driving without a valid license were in jail for periods ranging from a week to more than a month.

“The number of people who seemed to be in jail for longer than a couple days for driving with a suspended license – I was taken aback by that. It strikes me as something we are going to want to pay more attention to.”

Milton Mack, Michigan’s state court administrator, said by phone on Thursday that any reform of Michigan’s jail system also must include robust programs to divert the seriously mentally ill from jail to treatment.

“It’s critical,” he said.

Mack pointed to a 2017 survey by the Wayne County Sheriff’s Department that found that half of 20,000 county jail inmates had previously received community mental health care, often an indication of serious mental illness.

“You cannot fix Michigan’s jail and prison problem without paying heavy attention to mental illness,” he said.

The task force next meets in Detroit on Oct. 18. It is scheduled to issue a final report and recommendations to the state on Jan. 9.

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Comments

Kevin Grand
Fri, 09/20/2019 - 6:10pm

Don't do the crime, if you can't do the time.

scotto
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 9:38am

Then you pay extra taxes to cover that. The rest of us would rather our tax dollars are not wasted. This could fix our roads.

Kevin Grand
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 6:39pm

Hey, if you cannot be bothered to drive with a license, then you can just as easily pay for your stay in pokey.

Edythe
Sun, 09/29/2019 - 3:36pm

Thank you, why should we have to pay jail fees for a petty misdemeanor, ridiculous.

kkd
Fri, 09/20/2019 - 7:49pm

Great article. Thank you. Too many mentally ill getting jail instead of mental health care. We spend huge amounts of money on jails and no one gets better.

Ken
Fri, 09/20/2019 - 8:04pm

Unlicensed driving is a serious crime. These are the same people that make my auto insurance double, make the roads dangerous for others due to lack of the proper skillset, and are probably prone to breaking other traffic laws. I am not going to advocate that this is a jail able offense, but do you know another way to prevent this from happening?

Dave
Fri, 09/20/2019 - 9:15pm

It should be a crime that 21% of Michigan drivers have been priced out of the automobile insurance market by Michigan's No-Fault racket! My question is why were these drivers licenses suspended? One civil infraction could easily cost you $500 in fines and court costs and the courts demand payment in full within 10 business days. There are plenty of good people who could not afford to pay that in a timely manner, so they let their licenses lapse as they pay off the fines. Do we really want to be punishing people simply because of their lack of financial resources?

That, is precisely what led to David Stojefski's death in the Macomb County Jail! Why are we jailing the poor? Why are we jailing the indigent? Why are we jailing the mentally ill? Why are we jailing the addicted? Is jail where they will get the appropriate help they really need?

ALE
Fri, 09/20/2019 - 11:54pm

It is, but people who do it often lost the license and are still trying to get to work or whatnot. I think access to alternate transportation plays a part in this and also examining why people lose the licenses in the first place and what interventions are needed to get those people driving safely. Part of the problem, as I've observed it, comes from the revocation of a license without much support after for folks to actually become better drivers.

Another source of the problem could be people who never got one in the first place- I know a teenager whose parent can't find a birth certificate, so the teen can't get a license. Now that person isn't driving unlicensed, they've got more sense than that, but not everyone does or even has the support from family to go to driver's training. So addressing how the training options work in the state or if teens have access to requesting birth certificates (both locations that are accessible and I honestly don't know if a minor can request that document) could also provide some early intervention. Not every unlicensed driver is a bad one- some may just find themselves in a situation where they have to find work or education and a way to get there with little or no support.

Scott Roelofs (...
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 1:04am

Ken, good comments and question. I'm very frustrated that so many people drive without a valid license. Everyone knows it's illegal and will result in your arrest; yet many people do it repeatedly! Fines don't seem to work. Maybe impound the vehicle if the illegal driver owns it? I don't have a problem locking people up after 2 or 3 repeat offenses.

K
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 8:27am

Well the way I see lower Michigan’s car insurance and people can afford it but Mi gets paid $ to House any crime they even accept out of area people committing crimes just to get money so our court throws them in jail to revive dollars

Losa Jones
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 8:52am

In some cities ones license can be suspended for not paying a parking ticket or being late on child support. If that's your definition of a high crime then nothing will satisfy you.
It is a myth that unlicensed drivers make your rates go the insurance rates rise because shareholders in insurance companies demand higher profits.

***
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 9:47am

Confiscate their car until they can prove they have a proper license, might not work as I suspect many of them don't really own the car but are driving someone elses vehicle.

David
Wed, 09/25/2019 - 9:53am

Give a grant to the state for new drivers and drivers with suspension. Have the suspended drivers complete community service and the grant pays for the licensing process and road test for both parties and also make driving apart of the school curriculum.

David
Wed, 09/25/2019 - 9:54am

Give a grant to the state for new drivers and drivers with suspension. Have the suspended drivers complete community service and the grant pays for the licensing process and road test for both parties and also make driving apart of the school curriculum.

Tim tromp
Fri, 09/20/2019 - 10:45pm

Ok. Too many people in jail for failure to appear. Then you say. Don’t lock them up, write them an appearance ticket. DUH!! Who is running this show. Break the law = Go to jail. Wake up!!

EB
Fri, 09/20/2019 - 10:49pm

"That report also found a puzzling trend of higher incarceration rates in rural areas of Michigan," says the author, Ted Roelofs.

This fact is consistent with state prison incarceration: rural counties generally have a much higher percentage of their population in state prison than do urban counties.

gd ann arbor
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 8:44am

Driving without a licence (and this uninsured) minor transgression -- until one of them hits you.

***
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 2:01pm

Driving without a license and having no insurance is very common as can be seen in the TV show "Live PD".

Greg
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 12:09pm

Why is there no mention of the money courts charge people for their time in jail? Courts like the 17th District in Redford even send "offenders" to jails outside of Wayne County (-why?) and then charge the 'offender' an exorbitant 'transport fee' as part of their financial charges.
They also send misdemeanor 'offenders' to things like 'random drug testing' (-even when drug use may not have been a factor involved in their arrest), or 'anger management' courses, etc, - ALL OF WHICH THE 'court' GETS A CUT FROM THE 'COSTS' PAID BY THE OFFENDER FOR 'THE PROGRAM'!
- Think THAT might be a factor, Milton?

Iknow
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 12:12pm

Why is there no mention of the money courts charge people for their time in jail? Courts like the 17th District in Redford even send "offenders" to jails outside of Wayne County (-why?) and then charge the 'offender' an exorbitant 'transport fee' as part of their financial charges.
They also send misdemeanor 'offenders' to things like 'random drug testing' (-even when drug use may not have been a factor involved in their arrest), or 'anger management' courses, etc, - ALL OF WHICH THE 'court' GETS A CUT FROM THE 'COSTS' PAID BY THE OFFENDER FOR 'THE PROGRAM'!
- Think THAT might be a factor, Milton?

Kazoo Dad
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 2:13pm

Driving on an expired license is punishable by up to 90 days in jail. Driving while your license is suspended is up to 93 days in jail.

Laura
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 3:12pm

No all license suspensions are due to traffic violations in the State of Michigan. Google the Michigan Secretary of State and read the list of reasons why someones license can be suspended. Some people are not even aware their license is suspended until they get pulled over for something as simple as a tail light out or receive a letter in the mail. I know one case where a person was given a fine for a minor traffic violation, they paid the fine, but it was entered incorrectly into the court system, which over time triggered a suspension of their license. They had moved and the letter of suspension never made it to their new address. They were in a minor traffic accident, after court hours, and when their information was run, the license suspension popped up. They were arrested and taken to jail for driving on a suspended license, had to post bail, pay an incarceration fee, take the next morning off of work to take their paid receipt of the original fine to the court house to get it all straighten out. They did get their bail money back, in full, but not the state incarceration fee and they missed two hours of work, unpaid, over a mistake! So, don't be so quick to judge. Not everyone who's license has been suspended is a criminal and deserves jail time, nor are they responsible for your high insurance premiums. That's a whole different story in itself!

Norman McCreary
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 2:52pm

It's all fraud, and being applied to the wrong people. It's all a revenue collecting ponzi scheme.

Brian Wright
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 4:12pm

“You cannot fix Michigan’s jail and prison problem without paying heavy attention to mental illness,” he said.

Right, the mental illness of those running the rotted system. Ted Visner is still in Jackson because of intentional "retaliation" by high public officials throughout Bay and Midland counties.

Brian Wright
Sat, 09/21/2019 - 4:33pm

High public officials and corrupt, bonehead, authoritarian wannabe cops are committing the crimes of false incarceration and overcharging. They need to be brought before people's grand juries, indicted, convicted and sent to Jackson for a few years for abuse of oath and office. THEY ARE THE CRIMINALS!

I was driving my recently deceased mother's Villager on Eight Mile a few years ago, it was still registered to her and her insurance was paid. But this woman cop read something on her automated video that said registration no longer in effect because of death. This nothing, uncaring <expletive> impounded the car, and said she could have put me in jail. I went before a judge and he threw it out, the cop didn't show. He was angry that she didn't use discretion. I certainly committed no CRIME, and I don't even think it's an infraction.

One thing I'm sure of is the rent-a-prosecutor I dealt with didn't know one way or the other, and I doubt the judge did either. Certainly the cop had no business causing me all that harassment FOR NO EFFIN' REASON. Multiply me by about 100 per month, just in Northville. And most of them lack the language or political skills/knowledge to fight such odious public official behavior. It wound up costing me $100+ to get the Villager out of impound, then another $100 that the judge couldn't stop, plus my time.

Who needs cops, judges, and prosecutors. What good are they? By and large, they're unchecked little tinpot dictators, preying on the innocent. The exception proves the rule. Michigan and the rest of the country would be 100% better off if we were to empty the jails of their current occupants--except the 10% who are real criminals--and replace them with 80-90% of high public officials who are corrupt and vicious little <expletives>.

And give the hundreds of $millions in savings back to the taxpayers.

Jennifer
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 4:16pm

While I sympathize with your situation, I still believe cops, judges and prosecutors are necessary. Every single one of them is not corrupt. Bundling them all into the "bad" group certainly isn't right or accurate. It may have helped your situation to call the S.O.S. prior to driving the vehicle to ensure everything was in order. The officer was doing a job they're required to do when they are hired. Computer says invalid due to death then that's what it is. Invalid. Not driveable until registered in your name. Seems unfair but that's the way it is. It ensures each vehicle is registered correctly, appropriate fees and taxes have been paid and insurance is up to date.

John
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 9:41am

I see a common trend with these articles- they lack the proper data analysis to be considered informative. The demographics of each infraction should be presented. Demographics is far more telling than how long they sit in jail.

EB
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 12:15pm

We need alternatives to county jails.

Each county should have a sheriff's work camp, where convicts without a job report every morning, get drug tested and assigned to a county work crew. After work, they attend classes designed to cure whatever motivated them to crime.
For those who have a job, a weekend sheriff's work camp would be available.
One day in the sheriff's work camp equals two days in lockup. Convicts eligible (not deemed a threat out of jail) for the work camp would have a choice: lockup or work camp.

Day reporting is part of the work camp, but can also be offered as a standalone process. Basically if the convict wants to stay out of jail and work camp that day or subsequent days, they must show up for reporting and pass the drug test.

Drug courts are becoming more common, but all counties should have a court like this, where convicts regularly (ideally randomly) come before a county judge showing proof that they're not on drugs, not on alcohol and they're abiding by whatever mental health regiment is in place for them. Failure in drug court means time in either the work camp or lockup. Success in drug court means that the conviction sentence (e.g. time in jail) is nullified.

The state should require that bail/bond hearings take place with 24 hours of an arrest with no exemptions for weekends.

Parole and probation practices need to be strengthened. Drug testing should be random, not scheduled. Random home visits need to be done. The whole system should probably be random rather than scheduled processes like meetings with the P.O. and drug testing.

Parole and probation officers should have more authority, particularly to be able to temporarily jail/work-camp violators.

Parole and probation should last for the maximum sentence, not just a year or two after the minimum sentence is served.

More electronic convict monitoring needs to be done.

No county should be allowed to build a new jail until the need is certified by the National Institute of Corrections.

Sentencing incarceration times should be reduced.

Brian Wright
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 4:30pm

You're thinking about this backwards, EB. Any government official who repeatedly violates First Principles' rights, such as the right to peacefully, without aggression, enjoy one's person and property free from criminal assault by government officials, should go thru your work camp torments. Virtually no one else... unless their ACTUAL BEHAVIOR has been demonstrated to endanger others before an administrative grand jury of their own peers. Market mechanisms for certifying people and vehicles capable of driving are available as well as interlock systems to prevent the grossly incapable from accessing the roads; it doesn't matter whether a bad driver has his state papers in order or whether a good driver doesn't.

Like drug use or carrying firearms, it's no business of the state--or should not be--these are absolute RIGHTS that government peons may not abridge or abuse. Coercive interference in our individual lives by the state or other individuals IS THE CRIME and those who perform such acts of aggression, ESPECIALLY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS, are the ones that belong in your little county slave compounds. [Actually, if a private individual commits a violation of another individual's FIRST PRINCIPLES' rights of person and property, simple restitution is generally in order... and all such systems are (should be) run under people's independent grand juries and trial juries (of the nongovernment-employee peers) who are the ultimate arbiters over judges, prosecutors, cops, legislators, and other public officials. Read Diane McGilvery's What is the Foundation?]

Norman McCreary
Sun, 09/22/2019 - 12:43pm

THE STATE:

The positive testimony of history is that the State invariably had its origin in conquest and confiscation. No primitive State known to history originated in any other manner. On the negative side, it has been proved beyond peradventure that no primitive State could possibly have had any other origin. Moreover, the sole invariable characteristic of the State is the economic exploitation of one class by another.

Franz Oppenheimer defines the State, in respect of its origin, as an institution “forced on a defeated group by a conquering group, with a view only to systematizing the domination of the conquered by the conquerors, and safeguarding itself against insurrection from within and attack from without. This domination had no other final purpose than the economic exploitation of the conquered group by the victorious group.”

“The STATE, in its genesis and by its primary intention, is purely anti-social. It is not based on the idea of natural rights, but on the idea that the individual has no rights except those that the State may provisionally grant him.”

Dr. Sigmund Freud also observed that, “It cannot even be said that the STATE has ever shown any disposition to suppress crime, but only to safeguard its own monopoly of crime. Taking the STATE wherever found, striking into its history at any point, one sees no way to differentiate the activities of its founders, administrators and beneficiaries from those of a professional-criminal class.”

James Madison stated “the old trick of turning every contingency into a resource for accumulating force in the government” Thus, the State “turns every contingency into a resource” for accumulating power (And Revenue) in and for itself, always at the expense of social power, and the people; and with this it develops a habit of acquiescence in the people. New generations appear, each temperamentally adjusted – or as I believe our American glossary now has it, “conditioned” – to new increments of State power, and they tend to take the process of continuous accumulation as quite in order.

All the State’s institutional voices have united in confirming this tendency; they unite in exhibiting the progressive conversion of social power, property and Natural Rights, into State power and profit, while allowing Limited Rights of the people, as something not only quite in order, but even as wholesome and necessary for their PUBLIC GOOD, this power is called PARTENALISM, and is implemented through Police force.

ULTRA VIRUS ACTS

The STATE OF MICHIGAN according to Article 4, section 4, is supposed to guarantee a Republican Form of Government, instead of Body Corporates, For Profit. (see exhibit 1) The STATE, COUNTY, CITY etc. are subjecting the People through their Corporate Democracies, and Public Policies that are dictated, and unlawfully enforced by the elected few, and their corporate security, who are DBA, Doing Business As, THE STATE OF MICHIGAN, COUNTY OF WAYNE, CITY OF DETROIT, POLICE, under Article 8 OF the Commerce Clause. And merchant law.

The agents, officers, etc of the STATE are committing ultra-virus acts, torts, etc against the people., and are in violation of their oath to the constitution to protect and serve the people that they are subjecting to unconstitutional acts of paternalism, torts, conversion, etc.

Note: Article 4, Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution states that all States MUST provide a republican form of government. Not Corporations, Period! see: Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901).

For Example:
A. The State of Michigan in Lansing, MI is a private company Categorized under Governor’s Office.
B. The Secretary of State in Lansing, MI is a private company categorized under State Government-Executive offices
C. The Department of State of Michigan in Lansing is a private company categorized under General Government Administration. It was established in 1837, and incorporated in Michigan.
D. The other Counties, Cities, villages, police, courts, etc. are also Private Corporations incorporated under See: MCL 117.1, MCL 81.15, (attachments)

The Privately-owned Unconstitutional Corporations in Michigan, (Doing Business As), the State, County, City, & Local Body Corporates, & their AGENTS are in violation of my Right To Be Left Alone. I have not committed a crime, and there is not a damage party who has made a claim against me. I am exercising a God given right that existed before a Government, Constitution, Public Policies, and Parentalism. My, right to privacy has and is being infringed upon by Agents of the STATE, and others who are hiding, protecting their criminal acts, while collecting revenue off of the people who they are supposed to protect and serve. (See: Privacy Act, Title 5, Section 552(a.)). I do not consent to invading my privacy, but I will disclose the criminal conduct of the STATE, and it’s agents. As a individual I have the right to be left alone, as will be shown in the supreme court case below.

In Hale vs. Hinkel, 201 US 43, 74-75, the Supreme court makes it very clear, and states:

"...We are of the opinion that there is a clear distinction in this particular between an individual and a corporation, and that the latter has no right to refuse to submit its books and papers for examination on the suit of the State. The individual may stand upon his Constitutional Rights as a Citizen.”

“He is entitled to carry on his private business in his own way. His power to contract is unlimited. He owes no duty to the State or to his neighbors to divulge his business, or to open his doors to investigation, so far as it may tend to incriminate him. He owes no such duty to the State, since he receives nothing there from, beyond the protection of his life, liberty, and property. His Rights are such as the law of the land long antecedent to the organization of the state, and can only be taken from him by due process of law, and in accordance with the Constitution. Among his Rights are the refusal to incriminate himself, and the immunity of himself and his property from arrest or seizure except under warrant of law. He owes nothing to the public so long as he does not trespass upon their rights.”

"Upon the other hand, the corporation is a creature of the state. It is presumed to be incorporated for the benefit of the public. It receives certain special privileges and franchises, and holds them subject to the laws of the state and the limitations of its charter. Its rights to act as a corporation are only preserved to it so long as it obeys the laws of its creation. There is a reserved right in the legislature to investigate its contracts and find out whether it has exceeded its powers. It would be a strange anomaly to hold that the State, having chartered a corporation to make use of certain franchises, could not in exercise of its sovereignty inquire how those franchises had been employed, and whether they had been abused, and demand the production of corporate books and papers for that purpose." [emphasis added].

Let’s see who has the real power

The powers is in the People, both the U.S. and Michigan Constitutions protect the God given Natural Rights of the people.

Article I. § 1 Political powers of the People.

Sec. 1. All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for their equal benefit, security and protection

Below I will disclose the Ultra Virus Acts and Torts committed by the CORPORATE, STATE, COUNTIES, CITIES, & VILLIAGES, of MICHIGAN.

The Corporate State of Michigan, Corporate Counties in Michigan, & Corporate Cities &, Village of Michigan, it’s Police Officers, Judges, & Agents are mis applying the Michigan Motor Vehicle codes, see: MCL 257, which was created under the commerce clause for commercial business purposes, of corporations operating in commerce. The STATE illegally uses this code to regulate non-commercial Natural Men & Women, and collect revenue off of them, or confiscate property thus converting private property of the people to the state. These public policies were only meant to regulate the Corporate employees, or businesses operating in commerce for hire.

The States created Body Corporates, & Government Franchises are enriching themselves, by converting private property, and private rights into public property, & privileges, which constitutes conversion and is a crime and in violations of: Title 18, Section 654.

“Whoever, being an officer or employee of the United States or of any department or agency thereof, embezzles or wrongfully converts to his own use the money or property of another which comes into his possession or under his control in the execution of such office or employment, or under color or claim of authority as such officer or employee, shall be fined under this title or not more than the value of the money and property thus embezzled or converted, whichever is greater, or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both;  but if the sum embezzled is $1,000 or less, he shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.”

See: Munn v. Illinois, 94 U.S. 113 (1876). “Private rights and private property are entirely beyond the control of the government.”

Unless I damage another man or his property, commit a felony, or breach the peace, Peace Officers have on right or authority to Stop, Subject me, Arrest, collect revenue, or confiscate property. But on the other hand this police power to regulate commerce, and people and businesses operating in commerce is fine if it is being applied to Body Corporate’s Employees of the Federal, State, County, or City, or against people for hire, but this is not the case, because Police are revenue collecting agents of the Corporate State, County, City, Village etc, and are subjecting the people and making them criminals of victimless crimes.

The Michigan Vehicle Code is fraudulently being enforced against the Public at Large. This is totally illegal and a violation of the People’s rights. The only reason that this type of police power can be enforce is if a crime is committed in the eyesight of a Peace, or Police officer, a breach of the peace, or if there is a real damaged party making a complaint. The police have no power, or eminent domain to illegally stop a person who is Traveling as an inalienable right, and not operating in Commerce or for hire according to the Michigan Complied Laws, & other Public Acts in place.

This fraudulent misapplication of the Michigan Vehicle Code, is against the legislative intent that was established, & repugnant to the Constitution, which is the laws of the land. It is a breach of the peace and of the public trust of the people for this to occur. It has become a revenue collection Ponzi scheme, that private Corporations enforce in Michigan against the people of whom they have taken an oath to protect, and serve.

The Corporate State, County, City, Village, & their Police Force. illegally forces individuals to enter into the status of Driver, Operator, (commercial terms) and forces them to contracts with the state against their will, or because of their ignorance. This is done illegally through fraudulent means, police power, and force

“Thus, the State “turns every contingency into a resource” for accumulating power in itself, always at the expense of social power, and the people; and with this it develops a habit of acquiescence in the people. New generations appear, each temperamentally adjusted – or as I believe our American glossary now has it, “conditioned” – to new increments of State power, and they tend to take the process of continuous accumulation as quite in order.”

This is done under the mask of PUBLIC GOOD, but according to their own laws we will prove different.

I have studied the public policies of this state and nowhere in it, was it meant for the State, County, City, Village, etc. Corporations to regulate the Private Individual.

SEE: United States v. Cruikshank et al pg. 548.

“ If two or more persons shall band or conspire together, or go in disguise (Police Officers) upon the public highway, or upon the premises of another, with the intent to violate any provisions of this act, or injure, oppress, threaten, or intimidate any citizen, with the intent to prevent or hinder his free exercise and enjoyment of any right or privilege granted or secured to him by the Constitution of Laws of the United States, or because of his having exercised the same, such person shall be held guilty of felony, and on conviction thereof shall be fined or imprisoned, or both, at the direction of the court. The fine not to exceed $5,000, and the imprisonment not to exceed ten years, and shall moreover, be thereafter ineligible to, and disabled from holding, any office or place of honor, profit, or trust created by the Constitution, or Laws of the United State, 16 Stat. 141. Total $5,000 to be paid.”

Traveling from place to place is an inalienable right & a liberty that is guaranteed, by GOD, & U. S. Constitutions, and case law, these are called NATURAL RIGHTS. This subject which is called the Right To Travel, has already been adjudicated by Case law, & protected by NATURAL LAW, the Supreme Law of the Land! Even the Legislature of the State of Michigan, which I have incorporated for your viewing will be included to prove this point.

LET’S LOOK AT A MICHIGAN SUPERME COURT CASE:

-- Pinkerton v. Verberg, 78 Mich. 573 (Mich. 1889)

Personal liberty, which is guaranteed to every citizen under our Constitution and laws,' consists of the right of locomo¬tion, — to go where one pleases, -and when, and to do that which may lead to one’s business or pleasure, only so far restrained as the rights of others may make it necessary for the welfare of all citizens.
b — One may travel along the public highways or in public places; and while conducting himself or herself in a decent and orderly manner, disturbing no one, and interfering with the rights of no other citizen, there, they will be protected under the law, not only in their persons, but in their safe conduct.
c — The Constitution and the laws are framed for the public good, and the protection of all citizens; and no one may be restrained of his liberty, unless he has transgressed some law.
d — Any law which would place the keeping and safe con¬duct of another in the hands of even a conservator of the peace, unless for some breach of the peace committed in his presence, or upon suspicion of felony, would be most oppres¬sive and unjust, and destroy all the rights which our Constitu¬tion guarantees. -- Pinkerton v. Verberg, 78 Mich. 573 (Mich. 1889)

One of Americans' basic "Bill of Rights" rights is the constitutional right to travel," upheld as long ago as in cases such as Crandall v Nevada, 73 US 35; 18 L Ed 745 (1868), Pinkerton v Verberg, 78 Mich 573; 44 NW 579 (1889), and once again reaffirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court in so many words, "right to travel," in Dunn v Blumstein, 405 US 330; 92 S Ct 995; 31 L Ed 2d 274 (1974)

The "RIGHT" to travel is a part of the liberty of which the Citizen "cannot be deprived" without due process of the law under the 5th Amendment. See: Kent v. Dulles, 357 U.S. 116, 125

In Parlett Cooperative vs. Tidewater Lines 164 A. 313. It states:

“First, it is well established law that the highways of the state are public property, and their primary and preferred use is for private purposes, and that their use for purposes of gain is special and extraordinary which, generally at least, the legislature may prohibit or condition as it sees fit.”

In Murdock v. Pennsylvania 319 U.S. 105, it states:

“If the state converts a right into a privilege, the citizen can ignore the license and fee and engage in the right with impunity”

In Shuttles worth v. City of Birmingham Alabama 373 U.S. 262, it states:

“It is without question then that a ‘driver’s license’ is a conversion of a right into a privilege and the Supreme Court has issued Dicta that we may ignore the license and proceed with impunity.”
The Articles of Confederation,

Article IV established the rights of all people to freely ingress, and regress, which the constitution acknowledged and protects.

25 Am. Jur. (1st) Highways Sect. 163:

“The use of the highways for the purpose of travel and transportation is not a mere privilege, but a common and fundamental right of which the public and the individual cannot be rightfully deprived.”

16 C.J.S., Constitutional Law, Section 202, p. 987

“Personal liberty, or the right to the enjoyment of life and liberty, is one of the fundamental or natural right, which has been protected by its inclusion as a guaranty in the various constitutions, which is not derived from, or dependent on the federal Constitution, and which may not be submitted to a vote and may not depend on the outcome of an election. It is one of the most sacred and valuable right; as sacred as the right of private property; or as occupying a Preferred position as contrasted with property rights; and is regarded as inalienable.”

Mudook v. Penn.: 319 US 105 (1943):

“A state may not impose a charge for the enjoyment of a right granted by the Federal Constitution and that a flat license tax here involves restraints in advance the constitutional liberties of Press and Religion and inevitably tends to suppress their existence. That the ordinance is non-discriminatory and that is applies also to peddlers of wares and merchandise is immaterial. The liberties granted by the first amendment are and in a preferred position. Since the privilege in question is guaranteed by the Federal Constitution and exist independently of the state’s authority, the inquiry as to whether the state has given something for which it cannot ask for in return, is irrelevant. No state may convert any secured liberty into a privilege and issue a license and a fee for it.”

Shapiro v. Thompson: 394 US 618 (1969):

"The constitutional right to travel from one State to another . . . has been firmly established and repeatedly recognized." United States v. Guest, 383 U.S. 745, 757. This constitutional right, which, of course, includes the right of "entering and abiding in any State in the Union," Truax v. Raich, 239 U.S. 33, 39, is not a mere conditional liberty subject to regulation and control under conventional (394 U.S. 618, 643) due process or equal protection standards. "The right to travel freely from State to State finds constitutional protection that is quite independent of the Fourteenth Amendment." United States v. Guest, supra, at 760, n. 17. As we made clear in Guest, it is a right broadly assertable against private interference as well as governmental action. Like the right of association, NAACP v. Alabama, 357 U.S. 449, it is a virtually unconditional personal right, guaranteed by the Constitution to us all. "
There are many, many more cases that support the difference between a CORPORATION & A NATURAL FLESH AND BLOOD MAN OR WOMAN, exercising their Natural Rights to do as they please, until they damage or infringe upon others rights.

I would like to know what Law, gives these Unconstitutional Body Corporates the police power to stop, detain, arrest, fine, bail, incarcerate etc. private NON-franchised men and women, who are not using the roads in commerce under the Michigan Vehicle Code?

What give these Corporate Courts Administrators, clerks, officers, Judges etc. the right to enforce and demand that each and every Private man or woman be required to have a license when that is not the case?

What give the Unconstitutional Corporations the right to make criminal our of people who have the right to travel unrestricted, convert the people property for the profit of the STATE and to the demise of the people that they have taken a oath to PROTECT & SERVE?

GREED, & CONTROL!

“The positive testimony of history is that the State invariably had its origin in conquest and confiscation. No primitive State known to history originated in any other manner. On the negative side, it has been proved beyond peradventure that no primitive State could possibly have had any other origin. Moreover, the sole invariable characteristic of the State is the economic exploitation of one class by another.”

These ULTRA VIRUS ACTS Are TORTs, and a trespass on the rights of the people, it is also a breach of the public trust, and criminal as stated in the above cases. This is fraud, conversion, extortion, and a form of Slavery & involuntary Servitude and a violation of the U.S. & Michigan Constitutions, among others protections already mentioned. And the thing that adds insult to injury is that I will also show where Judges and legislature receive portions of the revenue collected from, tickets, bonds etc. off of the depredation of traffic stops made by officers, against law abiding people who are ignorant of the truth. This is truly criminal!

“Dr. Sigmund Freud also observed that, “It cannot even be said that the STATE has ever shown any disposition to suppress crime, but only to safeguard its own monopoly of crime. Taking the STATE wherever found, striking into its history at any point, one sees no way to differentiate the activities of its founders, administrators and beneficiaries from those of a professional-criminal class.”

First, I must say that I have no problem with the Acts of Michigan being applied to the Corporations, Businesses, and People who use the highways for hire, and profit because they must be regulated while operating in commerce, for profit, & hire, according to the Laws of the Land under the Constitution, for the Public good and protection of those using the road and highways for pleasure.

See: Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.” THE FEDERAL AND STATE CORPORATIONS ONLY HAVE THE POWERS TO REGULATE COMMERCE (BUSINESS), CORPORATLY CREATED ENTITIES, & NOT PRIVATE NATURAL FLESH AND BLOOD MEN AND WOMAN.

The “dormant” Commerce Clause refers to the prohibition, implied in the Commerce Clause, against states passing legislation that discriminates against or excessively burdens interstate commerce. See: Cooley v Board of Wardens (1851), Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. 1 (1824), NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. But when the Local, County, City & State Corporations & their AGENTS are raising revenue, & RECEIVING A Portion that they share amongst each other, to their gain they are in violation of their OATH, BOND, & TRUST.

Under MCL 600.151a, 600.151(A),(B) THE STATE TREASURE dba STATE OF MICHIGAN, and the CORPORATE CITY OF DETROIT, AND OTHER BODY CORPORATES OF THE STATE are conspiring together against The People to raise or collect revenue through unconstitutional means. This is R.I.C.O. and if I and a gang of my friends did the same thing it would be called Racketeering. See: 750.159g in attachments, along with MCL 600.151 (a), (b).

To break down their Ponzi scheme I am going to present their own legislature, all of which have been attached for your viewing:

1. STATE, COUNTY, CITY, VILLAGE etc are Unconstitutional body corporates, repugnant to Article 4, section 4 of the U.S. Constitution. Republican For of Government. See: attachments. MCL 117.1, 81.15. 45.3 ,61.12 and can Sue and Be Sued as Corporations.
2. Act 124 of 1960 Highway Reciprocity Board
3. Executive Order No. 2007 – 15
4. Act 380 of 1965, chapter 2 Department of State, AKA Secretary of State
5. Act 279 of 1909, The Home Rule Act (which was held unconstitutional, which is unconstitutional under U.S. Constitutional Article 4, section 4).
6. Act 215 of 1895, Chapter 81.15 The Fourth-Class City Act.
7. Act 124 of 1960 Highway Reciprocity Board, MCL 3.176
8. Act 380 of 1965, MCL 16.339. Department of Commerce.
9. Act 300 of 1949, MCL 257.42 Police Defined, & what they regulate.
10. Act 59 or 1935, MCL 28.6d Michigan State Police.
11. Act 300 of 1949
12. MCL 257.7 Commercial Vehicle defined.
13. MCL 257.904a Operation of Motor Vehicle by unlicensed person
14. Act 215 of 1895 Chapter XI MCL 91,1, 92.1
15. Advice of Rights And Plea Information, sentence 2, & 3.
16. November 1999, House of Representative, House Fiscal Agency Report on Traffic Revenue process distribution, and it’s recipients!
17. See: MCL 750.159g Racketeering defined.
18. See: MCL 600.151 (a), (b) State, Counties, Cities, Villages, Conspiring Together through investments and collections.
19. See: MCL 691.1401 – 1419, Governmental Liability for Negligence
20. Michigan Constitution Section 13 Conduct of Suits in Person, or by Attorney.
21. See: MCL 600.6431, Court of claims, notice of intentions to file claim, contents, time, verification, copies.
http://house.michigan.gov/hfa/Archives/PDF/Transportation/traf.pdf

Government Loss...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 3:49am

Lucy, someone has some explaining to do. The only individuals that should have a Driver License is Government employees and those who work in commerce. All others have the freedom to travel without a Drivers License. The STATE CAN’T TAKE ACTION AGAINST A living soul only a living soul can and there better be injury or damage. When the title holders can’t even understand their oath, we have a big problem. #PinkSlipsComingSoon

GKR
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 4:22pm

Maybe the fact that prisons are closed and more felons are being housed with local time. Deferrals on cases that would otherwise have been felonies result in a greater number of probation violations. Local authorities and tax payers are footing the bill for what used to be obligation of the State Dept of Corrections. DOC pays local jails to house felons as well to offset the cost, but jails are bigger as prisons close.

Drew
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 9:46am

This study should also be included for our juvenile jails in Michigan. Our current system pushes to criminalize more younger children, which leads to 'broken adults.' Mentally ill children end up in the system, rather than being provided help and kept with their families. This adds to the jail population increase in our state.

Bones
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 11:40am

It astonishes me how many people haven't evolved their moral framework beyond what authority says is legal and illegal. So disheartening to watch these ghouls rally behind crippling punishments for minor infractions

liz
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 5:06pm

The oppressive auto insurance rates put people jeopardy. Charging the largest amounts to individuals that can afford the least is where the changes need to start.

liz
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 5:06pm

The oppressive auto insurance rates put people jeopardy. Charging the largest amounts to individuals that can afford the least is where the changes need to start.

Anonymous
Mon, 09/30/2019 - 9:42am

“I’m talking about the 40 percent that are going in and out of jail for violations like driving without a license, for retail theft of less than a thousand dollars and for technical violations like not showing up for a meeting."

Sure. Except those are all VERY valid reasons to be in jail, so what the fuck are you even talking about?

M.J
Tue, 10/01/2019 - 4:04am

I spent over 2 years Combined on misdemeanor traffic violations...not DUI or R&O just driving while license suspended only in Jackson county ...I've seen drug and gun cases get personal bonds and released before me ....even explaining to a judge why I wasn't able to pay my fines and cost this time like I normally do not ever missing a payment ....and it did no justice 180 days I got for it

Rosie Shinn
Mon, 10/07/2019 - 2:24pm

Hi Everyone- Thank you for expressing your opinion, I just wanted to advise you that a data processing glitch in Michigan has resulted in numerous individuals over 18 years of age erroneously being denied the opportunity to begin the prerequisite steps to be granted an original driver license. MCL 257.310c forbid issuance of an operator license to a person who is 18 years of age or older and has not been previously licensed in this or any other state or country until 30 days after he or she has obtained a temporary instruction permit.
The Temporary Instruction Permit is valid for 180 days. New drivers, are placed on probation for a minimum of three years. The probationary period is a way for the Secretary of State to monitor the driving performance of new drivers.
For years the attorneys and drivers have been indoctrinated with the following saying:
To apply for a license, there can be no more than one conviction on your driving record within three years of your application date”.
The correct reading of MCL 257.303(1)(g) states --- within the preceding 3 years, if the violations occurred before issuance of an original license to the person …
Note; the stature does not include the words “within three years of your application date”.
I believe our current Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson will investigate and determine whether or not this can be contributed to clerical error or improper coding in the antiquated computer program currently used by the state. Please contact your legislator and ask them to pass legislature that make it mandatory for MDOS to enforce the statures as written and not just select portions of the stature

Larry Manderville
Mon, 10/14/2019 - 9:17am

HELLO !!!!! Privatizing of Jails for profit is the reason !!!! Not even mentioned in the article. Get rid of them. The whole System is "on the take" .