Michigan school leaders decry explosion of untrained teachers in classrooms

Untrained teachers

The most recent estimate of long-term substitute teachers running classrooms in public schools is about 2,500. The growing number of untrained teachers in state classroom is problematic, experts say.

New state schools Supt. Michael Rice said he understands why many school districts rely on long-term substitute teachers. Often, he said, they can’t find a certified teacher for certain classes. But, he said, the state must do better.

The new Michigan state school superintendent and one of his predecessors criticized the growing use of long-term substitute teachers in public schools, saying the practice has grown out of hand and threatens to have a negative impact on Michigan’s students if the trend is not reversed. 

State Superintendent Michael Rice told Bridge Magazine on Thursday the most recent estimate of long-term substitute teachers running classrooms in public schools – about 2,500 –  is “a problem.”

“The goal ought not to be to drop these [numbers] to zero, but 2,500 statewide is not vaguely where we ought to be,” said Rice, who took over the superintendent job Aug. 1. “Not close to where we ought to be.”

Bridge reporting this week revealed the number of long-term, often untrained subs running public school classrooms has risen tenfold in the past five school years. The practice has grown as the number of college graduates going into the teaching profession has dropped precipitously.

About this project

A rising number of Michigan public schools are staffing classrooms with long-term substitutes with as little as 60 college credits and no formal education training. Bridge examines the implications of this practice for the state’s already-struggling schools. 

Among the schools more likely to employ a higher percentage of uncertified teachers are traditional public schools and charter schools in high-poverty, lower-performing districts. In several cases, long-term substitute teachers comprise half or more of teaching positions, Bridge reported.   

Superintendent Rice acknowledged schools are using long-term subs to deal with the very real shortage of certified teachers in some subject areas and geographic sections of the state.

Former state schools superintendent Michael Flanagan, who served from 2005 to 2015, also cited the decline in college students choosing the teaching profession. 

Still, he expressed dismay that so many classrooms are led by substitutes that could have as little as two years of college and no teacher training.

“Do I think that this is going to impact a kid [if] it was a couple of years in a row? Yes. And there’s a point where you don’t recover second grade, third grade,” Flanagan said, echoing complaints by national education experts. 

“As a macro issue, it’s like any other profession. You want people who are trained.”

Flanagan suggested the Michigan Legislature, as it did in 2015, relax the rules that restrict retired teachers from returning to the classroom after they start drawing a pension.

How many long-term subs in your district?

Use this tool to see how many subs are in a district and the percent of teaching slots held by long-term subs. You can put any part of a district’s name in the search box. Charter schools are denoted with an asterisk.

School (*charter schools)TeachersLong-term subs
2016-172017-182018-192016-172017-182018-19
Keys Grace Academy*
488 students
99% poor
2529250%0%0%
Muskegon Heights Public School Academy System*
644 students
93.5% poor
6769508.7%7.5%6.1%
Multicultural Academy*
171 students
92.4% poor
2313150%8.7%20%
Eaton Academy*
346 students
78.6% poor
28232113%0%61.9%
Midland Academy of Advanced and Creative Studies*
154 students
31.2% poor
16191431.6%19.2%59.3%
Francis Street Primary School*
32 students
100% poor
0020%0%0%
Benton Harbor Area Schools
1,941 students
82.9% poor
1241189732.3%13.7%42.3%
Waldron Area Schools
211 students
66.4% poor
20242112.3%5%38.2%
Powell Township Schools
35 students
62.9% poor
6660%0%33.3%
Mid Peninsula School District
174 students
65.5% poor
1311120%24%32.6%
Big Bay De Noc School District
165 students
69.1% poor
19151620.3%21.4%31.4%
Outlook Academy*
53 students
81.1% poor
7660%0%0%
Troy School District
13,150 students
15.4% poor
8128228410%0.1%0%
South Lyon Community Schools
8,697 students
17.2% poor
4965215100%0%0%
Plymouth Scholars Charter Academy*
769 students
12.5% poor
4248456.3%0%6.6%
Achieve Charter Academy*
763 students
14.3% poor
3847424.3%7.8%4.7%
Detroit Leadership Academy*
796 students
96.6% poor
28273725.9%0%52.1%
Beaver Island Community School
49 students
46.9% poor
119100%0%0%
Colfax Township S/D #1F
19 students
68.4% poor
1110%0%0%
Chandler Woods Charter Academy*
779 students
21.8% poor
4243440%0%2.3%
Rockford Public Schools
7,987 students
17% poor
4644704830%0%0%
Rochester Community School District
15,451 students
11.4% poor
8568768851.4%0.7%0.8%
Novi Community School District
6,698 students
9% poor
4414404610%0.2%0%
Bloomfield Hills Schools
5,506 students
11.4% poor
4334434380.2%0%0%
Byron Center Public Schools
4,157 students
26.4% poor
1992012060%0%0%
Northville Public Schools
7,375 students
6.6% poor
4444414380%0%0%
Inkster Preparatory Academy*
180 students
89.4% poor
78825%0%50%
Saline Area Schools
5,296 students
12.8% poor
3173323510.3%0%0%
Riverside Academy*
999 students
99% poor
6568667.4%1.6%37.9%
Forest Hills Public Schools
9,774 students
11.8% poor
5765865660.5%0.3%0.4%
North Saginaw Charter Academy*
512 students
96.9% poor
4446374.3%0%35.2%
Ann Arbor Public Schools
18,055 students
25% poor
1,1511,3431,3800.4%0.3%0.3%
St. Joseph Public Schools
3,003 students
31% poor
1561531580.7%0.6%1.3%
Caledonia Community Schools
4,840 students
18.6% poor
2602802880%0.4%0%
Haslett Public Schools
2,685 students
26% poor
1651741780%0%0.6%
Okemos Public Schools
4,552 students
20.1% poor
2762792910%0.7%0%
South Canton Scholars Charter Academy*
780 students
27.2% poor
4952531.9%0%3.8%
Houghton-Portage Township School District
1,409 students
30.1% poor
8388911.1%0%1.1%
Hudsonville Public School District
6,855 students
20.4% poor
3793894110.5%0%0.2%
Birmingham Public Schools
8,072 students
8.8% poor
6246476600.2%0%0.5%
Schoolcraft Community Schools
1,066 students
28.7% poor
5970650%0%0%
Dexter Community School District
3,661 students
11.3% poor
2452692680%2%0.4%
Williamston Community Schools
1,879 students
22.4% poor
961001050%2.1%1%
Lakeshore School District (Berrien)
2,785 students
30.7% poor
1691741740%0%1.2%
Brighton Area Schools
5,998 students
13.9% poor
3293433589.3%11.6%9.2%
Bedford Public Schools
4,324 students
19.9% poor
2372402360%0.4%0.4%
Saugatuck Public Schools
836 students
36% poor
5253520%0%0%
Lake Orion Community Schools
7,357 students
23.5% poor
4474324450.2%0%0%
Merritt Academy*
552 students
50.4% poor
6066643.1%1.7%3.1%
East Grand Rapids Public Schools
2,886 students
6% poor
1621711830%0%0%
Plymouth-Canton Community Schools
17,491 students
20.5% poor
9429101,0080.8%0.4%0.3%
Frankfort-Elberta Area Schools
457 students
55.4% poor
3236400%0%0%
Jenison Public Schools
5,094 students
30.9% poor
3003183360%1%0.6%
Grand Haven Area Public Schools
6,064 students
32% poor
3843813871%0.3%0.3%
DeWitt Public Schools
3,197 students
18.5% poor
1621671770%0%0%
Chelsea School District
2,443 students
14% poor
1511551580.6%0%0%
Les Cheneaux Community Schools
224 students
46.9% poor
1818215.6%5.6%4.9%
Hartland Consolidated Schools
5,482 students
16.9% poor
2833053180.3%1.4%2.5%
Berkley School District
4,377 students
18.1% poor
2792822889.2%3.9%13.2%
Excel Charter Academy*
774 students
51.3% poor
4349490%0%0%
Vanguard Charter Academy*
778 students
52.8% poor
4145460%0%0%
Walker Charter Academy*
739 students
45.2% poor
4343432.3%0%2.3%
Lowell Area Schools
3,809 students
30.6% poor
2092002120%0.5%0%
Hamilton Community Schools
2,729 students
27.1% poor
1511591630%0.7%1.8%
Wayland Union Schools
3,057 students
38.8% poor
1641681740%1.2%0%
Spring Lake Public Schools
2,468 students
17.7% poor
1391411441.4%0.7%0%
Dundee Community Schools
1,663 students
37.6% poor
8384870%2.4%0%
Marysville Public Schools
2,770 students
31.6% poor
1401481480%0.7%0%
Walled Lake Consolidated Schools
13,642 students
26.1% poor
7657687680.4%0.5%0.9%
Portage Public Schools
8,804 students
25.4% poor
5034975060%0%0%
ACE Academy (SDA)*
186 students
100% poor
161260%25%31.7%
Mattawan Consolidated School
3,756 students
18% poor
2072282351.3%0.5%1.3%
Pentwater Public School District
259 students
49.4% poor
1818180%0%0%
Grosse Ile Township Schools
1,819 students
10.9% poor
1031031130%0%0%
Glen Lake Community Schools
660 students
28.2% poor
5355540%1.9%0%
Zeeland Public Schools
6,241 students
26.2% poor
3463523740.3%0.6%0.5%
Grosse Pointe Public Schools
7,652 students
18.8% poor
5545335450.8%0.4%0.6%
Allendale Public Schools
2,700 students
30.2% poor
1541531650%0%0%
New Buffalo Area Schools
545 students
42% poor
5855550%0%0%
Hopkins Public Schools
1,657 students
38.5% poor
8888940%0%0%
Bridgman Public Schools
908 students
43.2% poor
7170720%2.8%0%
Rising Stars Academy*
125 students
93.6% poor
4260%0%0%
Anchor Bay School District
5,938 students
25.1% poor
3143133120%0%0%
Frankenmuth School District
1,319 students
20.5% poor
5366681.5%0%0%
Otsego Public Schools
2,330 students
40% poor
1231341440%0%0%
Trenton Public Schools
2,557 students
23.4% poor
1711741740%0%0%
Freeland Community School District
2,012 students
17.4% poor
941071100%0%0%
Linden Community Schools
2,713 students
27.1% poor
1481451480%0%1.4%
Grandville Public Schools
5,666 students
21.8% poor
3083313170%0%0.3%
Clarkston Community School District
7,334 students
21.3% poor
4644744733.4%0.4%6.3%
The Dearborn Academy*
509 students
99.4% poor
50494330.7%25.9%30%
Edwardsburg Public Schools
2,742 students
31.5% poor
1361341460%1.5%0.7%
Pewamo-Westphalia Community Schools
676 students
19.8% poor
3435340%0%0%
Coopersville Area Public School District
2,655 students
41.4% poor
1381411440%0%0.7%
Mason Public Schools (Ingham)
3,226 students
32.1% poor
1841871920.5%0.5%0%
Grand Ledge Public Schools
5,328 students
28% poor
3092943170.7%1%1.3%
East Lansing School District
3,607 students
33.9% poor
2212262180%0%0.9%
Almont Community Schools
1,456 students
25.5% poor
7577811.3%1.3%1.2%
International Academy of Flint*
917 students
84.3% poor
63505424.2%1.6%27.5%
Midland Public Schools
7,642 students
33.2% poor
4384404400.5%0.2%0.9%
Armada Area Schools
1,762 students
22% poor
8994900%0%0%
New Lothrop Area Public Schools
916 students
24.7% poor
5246460%0%4.3%
Bullock Creek School District
1,833 students
40% poor
1111081180%0%0%
Vicksburg Community Schools
2,660 students
34.7% poor
1551551600%0%0%
Yale Public Schools
1,912 students
41.1% poor
1031011040%0%0%
Swan Valley School District
1,801 students
38.2% poor
94981011%0%0%
Mason Consolidated Schools (Monroe)
1,027 students
48.5% poor
6966650%0%0%
Oxford Community Schools
5,589 students
24.7% poor
3123163370.9%1.9%0.9%
Harbor Springs School District
801 students
22.8% poor
5857590%0%0%
Public Schools of Petoskey
2,792 students
38.8% poor
1551531580%0%0%
Crawford AuSable Schools
1,571 students
56.9% poor
1061071080.9%1.9%1.9%
Keystone Academy*
779 students
37.4% poor
47485510.4%2.1%14.5%
Whiteford Agricultural School District of the Counties of Lenawee and Monroe
752 students
28.5% poor
3944450%2.5%6.6%
Plainwell Community Schools
2,780 students
29% poor
1541591560%0%1.3%
North Muskegon Public Schools
1,047 students
26.9% poor
6063710%1.7%0%
Livonia Public Schools School District
14,184 students
33.8% poor
8548869160.2%0%0.2%
Hancock Public Schools
701 students
47.6% poor
54464810.8%1.9%8.4%
Goodrich Area Schools
2,053 students
22.1% poor
991081110.9%0%0%
Chesaning Union Schools
1,447 students
52.4% poor
8485881.2%0%1.1%
Kingsley Area Schools
1,557 students
44.2% poor
7778811.3%0%0%
Chippewa Valley Schools
16,061 students
29.8% poor
8508368551.2%0.6%0.9%
McBain Rural Agricultural Schools
1,028 students
47.8% poor
5657573.5%1.8%0%
St. Johns Public Schools
2,799 students
34.7% poor
1601541570.7%0.6%0.6%
Elk Rapids Schools
1,264 students
36.9% poor
7068700%0%0%
Chatfield School*
486 students
26.1% poor
2728280%0%0%
Flagship Charter Academy*
698 students
98.1% poor
5253499.5%1.9%26.7%
Fowler Public Schools
480 students
27.1% poor
2524270%0%0%
Romeo Community Schools
5,042 students
24.7% poor
2822842950.4%0.7%0.3%
Grand Traverse Academy*
896 students
25.8% poor
7174814%0%6.1%
Huron Valley Schools
8,987 students
27.3% poor
5205355220.4%0.4%0.4%
Kingsbury Country Day School*
291 students
9.3% poor
19192510.5%21.5%4%
Royal Oak Schools
4,995 students
23.6% poor
3203283530.3%0.6%0.6%
Johannesburg-Lewiston Area Schools
697 students
56.8% poor
4041420%2.5%0%
Sparta Area Schools
2,500 students
47.9% poor
1411441462.1%0%0%
Honey Creek Community School*
242 students
9.1% poor
1920205.1%0%0%
Sigel Township S/D #4F
31 students
64.5% poor
1120%0%0%
Lakewood Public Schools
1,778 students
45.7% poor
1031031090%0%0%
Byron Center Charter School*
245 students
42.4% poor
2319210%0%0%
Public Schools of Calumet, Laurium & Keweenaw
1,519 students
54% poor
92928716.3%1.1%18.4%
Ovid-Elsie Area Schools
1,524 students
45.7% poor
7476840%0%0%
Farmington Public School District
9,539 students
26.2% poor
6456406560.5%0.3%0.3%
Onekama Consolidated Schools
415 students
53.5% poor
23272511.2%0%24.1%
Michigan Educational Choice Center*
263 students
100% poor
7240890%0%125%
Utica Community Schools
26,894 students
38.1% poor
1,4581,4481,4520.4%0.2%0.1%
Cass City Public Schools
968 students
51.7% poor
5353563.8%0%0%
Columbia School District
1,473 students
45.6% poor
8183820%0%0%
Black River Public School*
944 students
23.8% poor
7473730%1.4%0%
Verona Township S/D #1F
21 students
38.1% poor
1210%0%0%
Linden Charter Academy*
791 students
98.1% poor
51584913.7%7.9%26.5%
Cadillac Area Public Schools
3,136 students
60.9% poor
1611641650.6%0.6%0%
West Bloomfield School District
5,476 students
34.6% poor
3223353610.3%0.3%0.6%
Traverse City Area Public Schools
9,433 students
36% poor
4924874862.5%2.2%1.6%
Lakeview Public Schools (Macomb)
4,375 students
42.4% poor
2252272360.4%0%1.3%
Boyne City Public Schools
1,349 students
49.4% poor
7679810%0%5%
Old Redford Academy*
1,784 students
75.9% poor
13011310911.5%3.1%24%
Napoleon Community Schools
1,314 students
44.9% poor
6871720%1.5%0%
Hamtramck Academy*
537 students
98.3% poor
4547474.2%2.2%4.2%
Fairview Area School District
298 students
73.8% poor
1818220%0%4.6%
Birch Run Area Schools
1,871 students
51.6% poor
981001010%0%0%
Milan Area Schools
2,173 students
33.3% poor
1301261300%0%0%
Davison Community Schools
5,723 students
44.3% poor
2902962930%0.3%1%
Charlevoix Public Schools
872 students
43.9% poor
6061560%0%3.5%
Howell Public Schools
6,973 students
27.4% poor
4044023850.2%0.2%0.8%
Vanderbilt Charter Academy*
463 students
73.9% poor
3333373%0%0%
West MI Academy of Arts and Academics*
439 students
39.9% poor
3845402.2%5.3%0%
Charlotte Public Schools
2,467 students
43.2% poor
1541391490%0.7%0.7%
Whitehall District Schools
2,078 students
45.2% poor
1651651712.4%1.2%0.6%
Stephenson Area Public Schools
490 students
55.3% poor
3632270%0%0%
Detroit Innovation Academy*
393 students
97.2% poor
15131723.1%33.3%23.5%
Bad Axe Public Schools
957 students
50.9% poor
5555540%0%0%
Sault Ste. Marie Area Schools
2,023 students
55.7% poor
1261341423.7%3.2%2.8%
Thornapple Kellogg School District
3,157 students
33.9% poor
1501601700.6%0.7%0%
Timbuktu Academy*
436 students
100% poor
17141121.4%5.9%100%
Marquette Area Public Schools
3,285 students
29.3% poor
2062062250.5%0%0%
Blue Water Middle College*
391 students
19.2% poor
00190%0%0%
Northview Public Schools
3,327 students
41.9% poor
2392322230.4%0%0%
Ida Public School District
1,442 students
20.6% poor
8074760%0%0%
Breitung Township School District
1,893 students
43.1% poor
1021051130.9%1%1.8%
Gull Lake Community Schools
3,231 students
23.8% poor
1992172240%0%1.3%
Olivet Community Schools
1,413 students
37.1% poor
8183850%0%0%
Pathways Academy*
148 students
98.6% poor
4450%0%100%
Mackinaw City Public Schools
153 students
47.1% poor
1616160%0%0%
Harbor Beach Community Schools
475 students
46.5% poor
3231340%0%0%
Triumph Academy*
728 students
54.9% poor
3942420%0%14.3%
Grand Blanc Community Schools
8,260 students
34.3% poor
4444514860.2%0.2%0.8%
Nottawa Community School
116 students
31.9% poor
11111018.1%0%9.8%
Joseph K. Lumsden Bahweting Anishnabe Academy*
579 students
63% poor
5552581.9%3.6%12.1%
Madison School District (Lenawee)
1,652 students
57.8% poor
991011011%1%0%
Oakland Academy*
165 students
40.6% poor
2218110%0%0%
Grand Rapids Child Discovery Center*
272 students
45.2% poor
1515180%0%0%
Ludington Area School District
2,106 students
52.4% poor
1151201190.8%0.9%0%
Grass Lake Community Schools
1,294 students
28.3% poor
7876800%0%1.3%
Gobles Public School District
772 students
58.3% poor
5256625.3%5.8%3.2%
West Branch-Rose City Area Schools
2,043 students
60.5% poor
1221221290.8%0.8%6.2%
Portland Public Schools
2,119 students
32.7% poor
1191201130%0.8%0%
North Dickinson County Schools
250 students
47.6% poor
16191710.8%18.4%5.8%
Elkton-Pigeon-Bay Port Laker Schools
914 students
51% poor
5354569.3%5.6%5.4%
Cedar Springs Public Schools
3,516 students
41.2% poor
1831961980%0.5%0%
East China School District
4,102 students
32.8% poor
2372372451.3%0.4%0.4%
Universal Academy*
728 students
98.4% poor
43413356.3%35.3%91.1%
Negaunee Public Schools
1,583 students
33.2% poor
10099980%0%0%
South Pointe Scholars Charter Academy*
757 students
51.8% poor
5154543.7%0%16.6%
Concord Academy - Boyne*
158 students
44.3% poor
1618170%0%11.9%
Tawas Area Schools
1,248 students
52.1% poor
6767710%0%0%
Greenville Public Schools
3,729 students
56.7% poor
2122202152.3%2.8%1.9%
NICE Community School District
1,197 students
35.9% poor
8082810%0%0%
West Ottawa Public School District
6,712 students
55% poor
4214194190.5%0.2%0.5%
Chassell Township School District
263 students
35.7% poor
1617195.9%12.5%5.4%
Blissfield Community Schools
1,209 students
36.9% poor
6163720%0%0%
Greater Heights Academy*
262 students
97.3% poor
18182334.1%22.3%22.1%
Byron Area Schools
835 students
37.2% poor
5148440%0%2.3%
Muskegon Montessori Academy for Environmental Change*
148 students
74.3% poor
7890%0%0%
Fraser Public Schools
4,978 students
45.4% poor
2922932920%0%0.3%
Gaylord Community Schools
3,054 students
52.9% poor
1621611680%0.6%0%
DeTour Arts and Technology Academy*
82 students
58.5% poor
612160%0%0%
North Central Area Schools
336 students
56% poor
2425260%0%0%
Woodhaven-Brownstown School District
5,485 students
45.2% poor
3203433250.3%0%0%
Avondale School District
3,779 students
45.1% poor
2132382772.1%1.4%2.2%
Crossroads Charter Academy*
595 students
57.1% poor
4644456.8%2.2%4.4%
Detroit Edison Public School Academy*
1,287 students
66.5% poor
6175594%4.9%17.1%
Lapeer Community Schools
4,942 students
50.4% poor
2832672730%0%0%
Western School District
2,952 students
36.9% poor
1571611600%0%0%
Croswell-Lexington Community Schools
2,148 students
52.4% poor
1151111110%3.5%2.7%
Bath Community Schools
1,155 students
45.7% poor
6063580%0%0%
River Valley School District
578 students
56.9% poor
4648532.1%0%1.9%
Lake Fenton Community Schools
2,078 students
28.9% poor
1041081140%1%0.9%
Hanover-Horton School District
1,135 students
36.7% poor
5455560%0%1.8%
Fenton Area Public Schools
3,448 students
32.6% poor
1911951970%0%0%
Bangor Township S/D #8
21 students
61.9% poor
2220%0%0%
Flushing Community Schools
4,182 students
41.8% poor
2282272250%0%0%
L'Anse Creuse Public Schools
10,392 students
41.9% poor
5555505630.5%0.2%1.2%
Fortis Academy*
745 students
79.1% poor
5146470%2%12.6%
Algonac Community School District
1,475 students
45.8% poor
8580780%0%0%
Tecumseh Public Schools
2,784 students
34.1% poor
1631761700.6%0%0%
Holly Area School District
3,307 students
42% poor
1972002100%0.5%0%
Mona Shores Public School District
3,895 students
48.2% poor
2192202210.5%0%0.5%
Buchanan Community Schools
1,573 students
53.3% poor
961001030%0%0%
Mt. Clemens Montessori Academy*
326 students
37.4% poor
2625214%0%4.7%
North Branch Area Schools
2,353 students
47.4% poor
1331261290%0.8%3.1%
Stockbridge Community Schools
1,249 students
40.8% poor
8292920%1.2%3.3%
Memphis Community Schools
836 students
33.6% poor
5157560%0%0%
Clawson Public Schools
1,556 students
38% poor
1151241180%0.9%0.8%
Martin Public Schools
613 students
54.3% poor
3941402.4%2.5%2.5%
Laingsburg Community Schools
1,125 students
27.4% poor
6059630%3.3%3.2%
Lake Linden-Hubbell School District
409 students
58.4% poor
3735345.7%0%0%
Ionia Public Schools
3,017 students
57.3% poor
1691661590%0%0%
Lakeside Charter School - Kalamazoo*
244 students
99.6% poor
1310190%0%21.6%
Hastings Area School District
2,659 students
48.1% poor
1441491400%0.7%0%
Leland Public School District
522 students
37% poor
3641480%0%0%
Ridge Park Charter Academy*
562 students
84.2% poor
4547420%0%0%
Light of the World Academy*
232 students
15.5% poor
1013170%0%0%
East Arbor Charter Academy*
694 students
53.2% poor
5555571.8%3.7%10.5%
Forest Park School District
440 students
53% poor
2830340%0%0%
Roscommon Area Public Schools
927 students
61.2% poor
6569661.5%0%0%
Kent City Community Schools
1,296 students
60.4% poor
7384870%0%0%
Paragon Charter Academy*
678 students
62.1% poor
4242417.2%7.1%2.4%
Bellaire Public Schools
356 students
44.7% poor
2429290%0%0%
Ubly Community Schools
651 students
45.9% poor
4341402.5%0%2.5%
Lighthouse Connections Academy*
274 students
73% poor
0080%0%0%
Saginaw Township Community Schools
4,803 students
47.9% poor
2722752810.4%0%0.7%
Manistique Area Schools
816 students
56.5% poor
5048524.2%0%3.9%
Reeths-Puffer Schools
3,710 students
45.7% poor
2282302300%0%0.9%
Vista Meadows Academy*
100 students
100% poor
116950%0%78.2%
St. Charles Community Schools
913 students
51.2% poor
4763620%0%0%
Holt Public Schools
5,532 students
43.6% poor
3333293330%0%0%
Taylor Exemplar Academy*
792 students
71% poor
5251573.9%1.9%7%
Dansville Schools
730 students
31.2% poor
4440410%2.3%2.4%
Mt. Pleasant City School District
3,485 students
43.7% poor
2702642680.8%1.1%0%
Clinton Community Schools
1,221 students
35% poor
6561730%0%1.4%
Knapp Charter Academy*
745 students
68.9% poor
4443502.3%0%4%
Hemlock Public School District
1,213 students
32.3% poor
7069674.4%0%4.5%
Kentwood Public Schools
9,284 students
72.7% poor
5045665860%0%0.3%
Iron Mountain Public Schools
883 students
48.9% poor
4546506.5%8.8%6.1%
Central Academy*
605 students
90.4% poor
34353517.1%14.6%20.1%
Leslie Public Schools
1,233 students
51.2% poor
8781810%1.1%0%
Sand Creek Community Schools
842 students
44.9% poor
5058600%0%1.7%
Bangor Township Schools
2,541 students
58.3% poor
1231261290%0%0%
Summerfield Schools
625 students
31.4% poor
3835380%0%0%
Posen Consolidated School District No. 9
213 students
59.6% poor
16141729%19.4%17.9%
Marshall Public Schools
2,793 students
44.6% poor
1771891900%0%0%
Montrose Community Schools
1,472 students
60.3% poor
8182790%1.2%0%
Gladstone Area Schools
1,538 students
40.8% poor
7878830%0%0%
Three Rivers Community Schools
2,564 students
56.4% poor
1521571560.6%1.3%1.3%
Creative Technologies Academy*
318 students
37.7% poor
2222224.6%4.5%4.5%
Durand Area Schools
1,316 students
54.9% poor
8589890%0%0%
Bessemer Area School District
408 students
59.1% poor
26273214.6%3.8%15.8%
Brown City Community Schools
778 students
58.1% poor
4644460%0%0%
Kenowa Hills Public Schools
3,137 students
49.4% poor
1791781890%0.6%0%
Lawton Community School District
978 students
55.7% poor
6263620%0%0%
Concord Academy - Petoskey*
180 students
53.9% poor
15161712.6%0%5.8%
Berrien Springs Public Schools
3,832 students
68.3% poor
1681911850.5%0%0%
Livingston Classical Academy*
210 students
13.8% poor
1016136.3%20.2%7.7%
Beal City Public Schools
684 students
29.4% poor
4041440%0%2.3%
Meridian Public Schools
1,306 students
47.4% poor
8083771.2%0%0%
Clare Public Schools
1,614 students
50.4% poor
9187860%0%1.2%
Garden City Public Schools
3,701 students
60.7% poor
2742863090.3%1.1%3.6%
Four Corners Montessori Academy*
441 students
35.4% poor
2427250%0%8.1%
Richmond Community Schools
1,432 students
33.7% poor
8289860%1.2%0%
Ontonagon Area School District
275 students
52% poor
19181711.3%5.4%18.1%
ICademy Global*
204 students
33.8% poor
1413130%0%0%
Ann Arbor Learning Community*
209 students
77.5% poor
1411100%13.9%0%
Mar Lee School District
303 students
51.5% poor
2120240%0%4.2%
Clio Area School District
2,918 students
53.5% poor
1521521570%0%1.3%
The Greenspire School*
134 students
39.6% poor
6780%0%0%
Glenn Public School District
37 students
51.4% poor
3450%33.6%0%
New Bedford Academy*
105 students
44.8% poor
9960%0%0%
Michigan Connections Academy*
1,722 students
57.3% poor
6872741.4%1.5%2.7%
Cheboygan Area Schools
1,563 students
61.2% poor
9697970%0%1%
Marlette Community Schools
768 students
54.2% poor
4849520%0%0%
Fulton Schools
675 students
53% poor
4948490%0%0%
Allen Park Public Schools
3,829 students
38.2% poor
2022042090.5%0%0%
Laurus Academy*
744 students
73.4% poor
50514711.7%5.9%12.7%
Ithaca Public Schools
1,085 students
44.6% poor
7370790%0%0%
Gladwin Community Schools
1,680 students
57.7% poor
8691870%0%1.1%
Standish-Sterling Community Schools
1,579 students
55.9% poor
7474720%2.7%0%
Brandon School District in the Counties of Oakland and Lapeer
2,380 students
38.3% poor
1571511500%0%0.7%
Essexville-Hampton Public Schools
1,717 students
30.3% poor
8187901.2%1.2%1.1%
Alcona Community Schools
686 students
67.6% poor
3940420%0%9.6%
Menominee Area Public Schools
1,307 students
53.9% poor
8589910%2.4%5.5%
Gibraltar School District
3,678 students
31.2% poor
1911952010.5%0%0%
Lake Shore Public Schools (Macomb)
3,493 students
48% poor
2262152140%0%0.5%
Riverview Community School District
2,873 students
45.3% poor
1381401480%1.5%0.7%
Jefferson Schools (Monroe)
1,593 students
41.2% poor
10097880%0%0%
Windemere Park Charter Academy*
637 students
74.9% poor
4457533.5%4.5%13.1%
Stanton Township Public Schools
172 students
64.5% poor
9990%0%0%
Niles Community Schools
3,654 students
57.9% poor
2162062173.4%0.9%8.7%
Britton Deerfield Schools
533 students
51.4% poor
4437330%0%9.1%
Flex High School of Michigan*
29 students
100% poor
0030%0%0%
Imlay City Community Schools
2,018 students
55.9% poor
1001081130%0%0%
Perry Public Schools
1,092 students
45.6% poor
7464710%0%1.4%
Fruitport Community Schools
2,718 students
55.8% poor
1711671800%0%0%
Holland City School District
3,364 students
64.5% poor
2712632570.8%0.4%0.8%
Pinckney Community Schools
2,602 students
20% poor
1731661670%0.6%1.2%
Fowlerville Community Schools
2,802 students
38.8% poor
1531521660.7%0%0.6%
Au Gres-Sims School District
399 students
62.7% poor
2623260%0%0%
Manton Consolidated Schools
952 students
58.7% poor
6056571.8%0%1.8%
Lakeview Sch. District (Calhoun)
4,075 students
54.9% poor
2282422350%0.4%0.4%
Grand River Academy*
788 students
57.6% poor
5357548.8%3.8%18.4%
Pinconning Area Schools
1,267 students
53.7% poor
7072731.4%1.4%1.4%
Saranac Community Schools
920 students
42.6% poor
5656580%1.8%0%
Onsted Community Schools
1,294 students
37.7% poor
7882770%0%0%
Sodus Township S/D #5
73 students
83.6% poor
8650%0%0%
Mancelona Public Schools
936 students
71.3% poor
5657538.8%3.6%5.7%
Big Rapids Public Schools
2,061 students
51.5% poor
9795980%3.1%1%
Buckley Community Schools
409 students
49.1% poor
27333212.2%3.7%6.3%
Centreville Public Schools
844 students
46.3% poor
4854490%0%2%
Shepherd Public Schools
1,811 students
47.2% poor
1061061090%0%1.8%
Quincy Community Schools
1,215 students
49.9% poor
6567601.5%3.1%1.7%
Bronson Community School District
1,049 students
57.8% poor
5456571.8%1.8%0%
Kingston Community School District
595 students
56.6% poor
3435370%0%5.5%
Eaton Rapids Public Schools
2,296 students
55.3% poor
1421481461.4%0.7%2%
Distinctive College Prep.*
465 students
89.7% poor
016340%0%0%
Bark River-Harris School District
743 students
50.1% poor
3940410%0%0%
Norway-Vulcan Area Schools
686 students
45.9% poor
3536370%0%2.7%
Jackson Preparatory & Early College*
384 students
34.4% poor
1917195.8%0%0%
Detroit Service Learning Academy*
1,350 students
99.5% poor
85746116.2%2.4%76.6%
West Iron County Public Schools
831 students
69.3% poor
5155580%0%0%
Sandusky Community School District
1,017 students
50.6% poor
5861650%0%0%
Paw Paw Public School District
2,155 students
44.6% poor
1261261190.8%0%0%
Tipton Academy*
508 students
69.9% poor
3333380%0%18.7%
Genesee School District
669 students
85.4% poor
3938380%0%2.6%
Hale Area Schools
342 students
74.6% poor
2323234.4%4.4%0%
Constantine Public School District
1,449 students
56.6% poor
7176892.6%0%1.1%
Leelanau Montessori Public School Academy*
64 students
54.7% poor
56717.2%0%14.3%
Unionville-Sebewaing Area S.D.
715 students
42.9% poor
3841460%0%0%
Escanaba Area Public Schools
2,329 students
54.9% poor
1271321360%0%0.7%
Branch Line School*
142 students
43.7% poor
1110140%0%7%
Waterford School District
8,542 students
59.5% poor
6276386620.2%0.6%0%
Alma Public Schools
2,095 students
56.9% poor
1281261350%0.8%0%
Superior Central School District
335 students
59.1% poor
2125280%0%0%
Parchment School District
1,603 students
54.1% poor
9596993.1%0%5%
St. Ignace Area Schools
511 students
53.2% poor
3131299.6%3.2%17.4%
Lamphere Public Schools
2,484 students
50.6% poor
1841851822.2%2.2%1.6%
Swartz Creek Community Schools
3,636 students
53.7% poor
2082122090%0%0.5%
New Paradigm College Prep*
83 students
100% poor
6850%0%0%
Dearborn City School District
20,740 students
75.8% poor
1,3691,5091,5483.6%4.5%6.7%
Chippewa Hills School District
1,959 students
60.3% poor
1051041061%0%0.9%
Ellsworth Community School
256 students
54.3% poor
19171923.1%15.8%10.6%
Eagle's Nest Academy*
187 students
92.5% poor
161890%6.3%66.7%
Crestwood School District
3,966 students
76.4% poor
2172242410%0%0.4%
Benton Harbor Charter School Academy*
520 students
89.4% poor
28292610.3%0%62.3%
Caro Community Schools
1,677 students
58.4% poor
8893931.1%0%0%
Oakland International Academy*
852 students
99.2% poor
6662528.1%1.5%13.5%
New Haven Community Schools
1,260 students
52.1% poor
8074742.7%1.2%1.4%
Montague Area Public Schools
1,514 students
49.7% poor
9089951.1%1.1%3.2%
Metro Charter Academy*
726 students
74.8% poor
5455511.8%3.7%11.7%
Lawrence Public Schools
570 students
64.6% poor
33363611.1%0%5.6%
Bay City School District
7,504 students
52.5% poor
4354354420.5%0.2%0.7%
South Arbor Charter Academy*
796 students
22.5% poor
4353531.9%0%3.7%
Ionia Township S/D #2
11 students
45.5% poor
1110%0%0%
Huron School District
2,581 students
33.9% poor
1571531661.3%0%0%
Creative Montessori Academy*
765 students
59.2% poor
3836402.8%0%2.5%
Warren Consolidated Schools
13,767 students
64.7% poor
8158107841.6%0.5%0.5%
Potterville Public Schools
865 students
44.3% poor
6157530%0%0%
Manchester Community Schools
926 students
22.5% poor
5759580%0%0%
Joy Preparatory Academy*
356 students
99.7% poor
251526108.3%43.2%62.3%
Deckerville Community School District
614 students
65% poor
4042520%0%0%
Onaway Area Community School District
604 students
56.8% poor
3534350%0%8.6%
Rogers City Area Schools
528 students
56.4% poor
3532340%0%0%
Lakeview Community Schools (Montcalm)
1,123 students
54.9% poor
7274722.7%0%0%
Alpena Public Schools
3,753 students
58% poor
2011952003.6%1%1.5%
Wyandotte, School District of the City of
4,792 students
57.9% poor
3213203380%0.3%0.6%
Decatur Public Schools
740 students
67% poor
4949470%0%0%
Benzie County Central Schools
1,414 students
59.5% poor
8488820%0%4.9%
Augusta Academy*
32 students
59.4% poor
4350%0%0%
Corunna Public Schools
1,811 students
53.8% poor
10698990%0.9%2%
Fremont Public School District
2,139 students
52.9% poor
1191151190.9%0%0.8%
Allegan Public Schools
2,423 students
56.5% poor
1501441510%0%0%
Pine River Area Schools
1,070 students
56.7% poor
6262600%0%0%
Airport Community Schools
2,633 students
52.9% poor
1481501490%0.7%0%
Mason County Eastern Schools
437 students
76.7% poor
3228267.2%3.2%3.8%
Warren Woods Public Schools
3,244 students
58.3% poor
2072152221.9%0.5%1.3%
Comstock Park Public Schools
1,890 students
57.5% poor
1231141110.9%0%0%
Breckenridge Community Schools
668 students
54.6% poor
4343422.3%2.3%7.1%
Oakridge Public Schools
2,042 students
63.6% poor
1231211330%0%2.3%
Grant Public School District
1,799 students
57.2% poor
9594945.3%0%3.2%
Akron-Fairgrove Schools
314 students
75.2% poor
2118205.7%0%5%
Millington Community Schools
1,197 students
57.6% poor
6570762.9%1.5%0%
Webberville Community Schools
524 students
54.4% poor
3638342.7%2.8%3%
Camden-Frontier School
504 students
58.7% poor
3231323.2%0%6.3%
Ewen-Trout Creek Consolidated School District
191 students
55.5% poor
16171612%12.2%12.4%
Woodland School*
214 students
15.9% poor
1112120%0%0%
L'Anse Area Schools
605 students
63.1% poor
4744460%0%4.4%
Pellston Public Schools
495 students
69.9% poor
3230360%0%8.4%
Dollar Bay-Tamarack City Area K-12 School
337 students
51.9% poor
2120225.1%9.4%18.5%
St. Louis Public Schools
1,043 students
68.1% poor
6564690%0%0%
Whitmore Lake Public School District
749 students
42.1% poor
6363550%0%0%
Harper Creek Community Schools
2,828 students
41% poor
1621661670.6%1.9%2.4%
Munising Public Schools
657 students
54.5% poor
3841400%0%0%
Reese Public Schools
805 students
51.1% poor
4645440%0%4.6%
Coldwater Community Schools
2,799 students
59.6% poor
1401471530.7%0%0%
Tahquamenon Area Schools
599 students
59.9% poor
38413912.3%13.2%12.7%
Brimley Area Schools
536 students
59.1% poor
34354014.4%5.9%5%
Ironwood Area Schools of Gogebic County
765 students
56.9% poor
5254543.7%3.9%9.3%
Vista Charter Academy*
702 students
93.7% poor
5350550%0%5.5%
Excelsior Township S/D #1
50 students
66% poor
4330%0%0%
Bear Lake Schools
284 students
64.4% poor
1514147.2%6.8%0%
Farwell Area Schools
1,158 students
61.2% poor
7164650%0%3.1%
Capac Community Schools
889 students
51.9% poor
5951680%0%0%
Manistee Area Public Schools
1,399 students
54% poor
8073790%0%0%
Canton Charter Academy*
749 students
18.8% poor
3941422.4%0%9.6%
Morenci Area Schools
650 students
62.5% poor
4547464.3%0%4.3%
Northwest Community Schools
3,558 students
62.3% poor
1831912000.5%0.5%2.5%
Holton Public Schools
837 students
70.6% poor
4848492.1%4.1%8.2%
Tri County Area Schools
1,906 students
58.6% poor
1101101100%0%0%
Cross Creek Charter Academy*
781 students
32.5% poor
4847430%2.1%2.3%
Union City Community Schools
1,040 students
56.9% poor
6863610%0%1.6%
Ravenna Public Schools
1,048 students
49.3% poor
6565650%0%0%
South Haven Public Schools
1,987 students
61.3% poor
1391211150.8%0%0.9%
DeTour Area Schools
96 students
53.1% poor
121090%0%0%
Hanley International Academy*
647 students
94.6% poor
4040420%0%7.2%
Huron Academy*
620 students
61% poor
3942459.6%2.6%6.7%
Great Oaks Academy*
734 students
93.2% poor
4650476%2.2%12.8%
Suttons Bay Public Schools
612 students
57.2% poor
30293717.4%6.8%5.3%
Adams Township School District
480 students
51.5% poor
2728290%3.7%0%
Godwin Heights Public Schools
2,076 students
89.4% poor
1471431330%0.7%0%
Waverly Community Schools
3,009 students
62.3% poor
1701891921.1%1.2%0%
AuTrain-Onota Public Schools
38 students
63.2% poor
5550%20.8%0%
Ferndale Public Schools
3,099 students
60.7% poor
1841781800.6%0%0.6%
East Jordan Public Schools
861 students
53.3% poor
4951520%0%0%
Clarenceville School District
1,858 students
63.7% poor
1131141241.8%0%0%
Maple Valley Schools
987 students
53.5% poor
6363640%0%0%
Southgate Community School District
3,526 students
51.7% poor
2562582461.9%2.7%2%
Kearsley Community School District
2,898 students
70.2% poor
1611661700%0%0%
University Preparatory Science and Math (PSAD)*
1,479 students
69.2% poor
1011031046.8%1%9.6%
Michigan Center School District
1,400 students
50.6% poor
8480791.3%0%1.3%
Oscoda Area Schools
1,146 students
70% poor
7173810%0%1.2%
Newaygo Public School District
1,562 students
65.9% poor
8087800%0%0%
North Star Academy*
267 students
58.4% poor
2525230%0%8.9%
Colon Community School District
550 students
54.7% poor
3841402.5%0%5.1%
Vassar Public Schools
1,088 students
71.2% poor
6360623.3%1.6%1.6%
Delton Kellogg Schools
1,246 students
54% poor
6663650%0%0%
Adrian Public Schools
2,837 students
63.6% poor
1791751761.1%0%0.6%
Rudyard Area Schools
614 students
71.5% poor
4043410%4.9%2.4%
Kalamazoo Public Schools
12,777 students
71.2% poor
8088248160.8%0.7%1%
Mesick Consolidated Schools
654 students
70.5% poor
3836390%0%0%
Marcellus Community Schools
705 students
64.8% poor
3939422.5%0%0%
Morrice Area Schools
511 students
48.7% poor
3932366.3%0%0%
Concord Community Schools
667 students
58.8% poor
4245420%0%0%
The James and Grace Lee Boggs School*
137 students
75.2% poor
4670%0%61.5%
Houghton Lake Community Schools
1,249 students
76.8% poor
971081030.9%0%1.9%
Engadine Consolidated Schools
359 students
69.9% poor
19252220%10.4%9%
Landmark Academy*
775 students
67.7% poor
56576017.6%9%11.6%
Boyne Falls Public School District
196 students
65.3% poor
1616170%0%0%
Reach Charter Academy*
652 students
91.3% poor
5958491.7%0%6.1%
Sturgis Public Schools
3,255 students
60.2% poor
1811831862.7%1.1%0%
Mendon Community School District
510 students
52.5% poor
3637340%2.8%5.8%
Vestaburg Community Schools
717 students
57.2% poor
4146480%0%2.1%
Jonesville Community Schools
1,446 students
52.6% poor
8484830%0%4.8%
Pennfield Schools
2,083 students
50.1% poor
1321261290%0%0%
Easton Township S/D #6
24 students
29.2% poor
2240%0%0%
Mio-AuSable Schools
533 students
73.4% poor
3431346.4%2.9%5.9%
Cassopolis Public Schools
957 students
60.7% poor
5453507.6%11.1%6.1%
Addison Community Schools
830 students
55.8% poor
4547502.1%2.2%2%
Coleman Community Schools
675 students
63.6% poor
4239432.6%0%0%
North Huron School District
367 students
53.1% poor
3128250%0%0%
White Pigeon Community Schools
755 students
58.4% poor
4650520%0%1.9%
Galesburg-Augusta Community Schools
1,036 students
56.8% poor
6462770%3.1%0%
Reed City Area Public Schools
1,494 students
53.2% poor
9695880%1%0%
Flat Rock Community Schools
2,044 students
43.4% poor
1011061140%0%0%
Eagle Crest Charter Academy*
723 students
50.5% poor
5148480%2%0%
Northridge Academy*
198 students
100% poor
2726177.8%0%6%
Wyoming Public Schools
4,152 students
80.6% poor
2472492460%0.8%0.4%
Hart Public School District
1,353 students
71.7% poor
8286830%0%1.2%
Carsonville-Port Sanilac School District
348 students
61.5% poor
2324234.2%0%0%
Forest Area Community Schools
518 students
73.9% poor
3837322.7%5.2%0%
Harrison Community Schools
1,418 students
78.1% poor
7678790%1.3%2.5%
Athens Area Schools
552 students
46% poor
3740400%0%0%
Detroit Public Safety Academy*
286 students
95.1% poor
12102078.4%41%60%
Kalkaska Public Schools
1,472 students
65.1% poor
100981031%1%2.9%
Springport Public Schools
984 students
61.7% poor
6059610%0%0%
Belding Area School District
1,777 students
56.7% poor
102100980%0%0%
Monroe Public Schools
5,232 students
60.7% poor
3022913021.7%0.7%1.3%
Baraga Area Schools
348 students
56% poor
3128337.2%0%3.1%
Morley Stanwood Community Schools
1,163 students
68.5% poor
6272661.4%0%0%
Peck Community School District
349 students
60.5% poor
1920170%0%11.5%
Beaverton Rural Schools
991 students
53.3% poor
6564630%0%0%
Northport Public School District
141 students
65.2% poor
1922244.6%16%8.5%
Marshall Academy*
272 students
57.7% poor
2225194.1%18.5%10.7%
Ishpeming Public School District No. 1
760 students
54.9% poor
4950540%0%1.9%
Madison District Public Schools
1,509 students
69.6% poor
9593860%0%0%
Brandywine Community Schools
1,334 students
63% poor
7780830%1.3%0%
Watervliet School District
1,502 students
63.9% poor
8683830%0%0%
Noor International Academy*
154 students
66.2% poor
1517115.8%0%18.2%
Mayville Community School District
596 students
73.5% poor
3632323.2%2.8%0%
Montabella Community Schools
765 students
59.7% poor
6460540%1.6%0%
Coloma Community Schools
1,341 students
73.9% poor
8893880%0%3.4%
South Lake Schools
1,619 students
66.8% poor
1081111150.9%1.8%2.6%
Gwinn Area Community Schools
1,071 students
69% poor
7572721.4%2.7%0%
Kaleva Norman Dickson School District
516 students
75.8% poor
2728313.5%7.3%3.2%
Carson City-Crystal Area Schools
941 students
57.9% poor
5553540%0%1.9%
Wakefield-Marenisco School District
286 students
55.2% poor
2021210%5.1%4.7%
Warrendale Charter Academy*
753 students
98.3% poor
5155505.5%5.9%10.1%
Detroit Enterprise Academy*
738 students
96.1% poor
4346556.6%6.9%10.9%
LakeVille Community School District
1,149 students
58.2% poor
7171791.4%0%0%
Cornerstone Jefferson-Douglass Academy*
635 students
87.2% poor
018160%0%0%
Madison Academy*
414 students
86% poor
7172776.9%2.8%3.9%
Mason County Central Schools
1,327 students
61.8% poor
6166670%1.6%0%
Dryden Community Schools
454 students
41% poor
3232290%0%0%
Hudson Area Schools
1,133 students
62.3% poor
5658591.7%3.6%0%
Owosso Public Schools
3,114 students
60.5% poor
1701791720%0.6%0.6%
Southfield Public School District
5,768 students
56.4% poor
4354304440.5%0%0%
Michigan Virtual Charter Academy*
2,919 students
79.1% poor
1581491730.7%0%0%
Carrollton Public Schools
1,835 students
78.6% poor
1501551636.5%6.7%6.8%
Comstock Public Schools
1,780 students
69% poor
1221221360.8%0%0%
Pickford Public Schools
409 students
42.3% poor
3024260%0%0%
Port Huron Area School District
8,194 students
55.7% poor
5365305330.6%0.2%0.2%
Wolverine Community School District
272 students
80.5% poor
18161812.5%0%0%
Merrill Community Schools
581 students
57% poor
3740360%0%2.8%
George Crockett Academy*
411 students
100% poor
26212437.9%11.6%54.4%
Climax-Scotts Community Schools
500 students
53.2% poor
3537360%0%0%
Carman-Ainsworth Community Schools
4,708 students
81.7% poor
2512592810.4%0.4%0.7%
Carney-Nadeau Public Schools
287 students
64.1% poor
22232013.1%8.9%14.8%
Ojibwe Charter School*
100 students
82% poor
14151319.5%14.3%52.2%
Hillsdale Community Schools
1,353 students
58.9% poor
7986810%0%1.2%
Central Montcalm Public Schools
1,513 students
67.3% poor
10199981%0%1%
Lake City Area School District
1,166 students
65.7% poor
6967691.5%0%2.9%
Lincoln Consolidated School District
3,691 students
46.7% poor
2212342410%0.9%0%
Whittemore-Prescott Area Schools
747 students
85.7% poor
4948482.1%6.1%2.1%
Pembroke Academy*
244 students
93% poor
00240%0%0%
Atlanta Community Schools
239 students
65.7% poor
1615160%0%0%
Forest Academy*
167 students
73.7% poor
2117150%0%0%
David Ellis Academy West*
743 students
69.2% poor
5048458.4%2%15.5%
AGBU Alex-Marie Manoogian School*
399 students
55.4% poor
2828287.2%7.2%7.2%
Saginaw Learn to Earn Academy*
140 students
98.6% poor
86850%13.3%50%
Saginaw, School District of the City of
5,452 students
80.5% poor
3743753741.6%0%5.1%
Bois Blanc Pines School District
2 students
50% poor
1110%0%0%
Holly Academy*
645 students
20.5% poor
5249500%0%0%
Moran Township School District
86 students
60.5% poor
5770%0%0%
Voyageur Academy*
1,149 students
95.7% poor
5367597.4%22.7%49.2%
Island City Academy*
204 students
27.9% poor
1413148%0%14%
American Montessori Academy*
486 students
65.4% poor
32313013.1%9.3%6.8%
Tekonsha Community Schools
243 students
61.3% poor
1615170%0%0%
Academy for Business and Technology*
519 students
88.8% poor
46393746.5%8.7%48.5%
White Pine Academy*
75 students
50.7% poor
71170%0%14.3%
Uplift Michigan Academy*
123 students
48.8% poor
00560%0%0%
Highland Park Public School Academy System*
372 students
93.8% poor
26162798.2%11.5%48%
Roseville Community Schools
4,631 students
61.7% poor
2892862770%0%0.4%
Fennville Public Schools
1,305 students
73.1% poor
8481850%0%0%
Center Line Public Schools
2,553 students
74.3% poor
1511691740%0%0%
Van Buren Public Schools
4,603 students
57.6% poor
2822922920%0%0.7%
Baldwin Community Schools
515 students
95.3% poor
4140465%2.4%4.4%
Melvindale-North Allen Park Schools
3,135 students
86.7% poor
1511481771.4%2.7%0.6%
Fitzgerald Public Schools
2,546 students
69% poor
1591761920.6%1.3%1%
Republic-Michigamme Schools
110 students
60.9% poor
1413120%0%0%
Caniff Liberty Academy*
481 students
99% poor
3030293.3%0%10.3%
Walton Charter Academy*
815 students
93.6% poor
5254511.9%1.9%3.9%
Three Lakes Academy*
116 students
72.4% poor
12121326%24.5%47.8%
Shelby Public Schools
1,265 students
71.7% poor
7773781.4%1.3%3.8%
Universal Learning Academy*
615 students
82.6% poor
47424051.8%40.1%47.2%
Mildred C. Wells Preparatory Academy*
195 students
100% poor
1213130%8.3%45.8%
Burt Township School District
33 students
72.7% poor
76616.8%0%15.7%
Cole Academy*
252 students
52.8% poor
1110150%0%0%
Evart Public Schools
898 students
71.9% poor
4849514.1%4.2%2%
Ashley Community Schools
259 students
71.4% poor
2320230%0%8.7%
Covert Public Schools
366 students
99.2% poor
1722220%0%0%
Prevail Academy*
589 students
89.1% poor
4449450%0%2.2%
South Redford School District
3,238 students
67.2% poor
17917818923%18.5%13.3%
Walden Green Montessori*
245 students
38.8% poor
1414160%0%12.6%
Dowagiac Union School District
2,188 students
74.5% poor
1311341370%0%0.7%
Vandercook Lake Public Schools
958 students
77.1% poor
7173630%0%0%
Dearborn Heights School District #7
2,507 students
76.7% poor
1391531500.7%0%0.7%
Hillman Community Schools
411 students
67.4% poor
30272918.7%0%10.5%
Hagar Township S/D #6
81 students
81.5% poor
6560%0%0%
Bloomingdale Public School District
1,164 students
81% poor
7269700%0%1.4%
Endeavor Charter Academy*
679 students
84.2% poor
3947452.1%0%6.7%
Rapid River Public Schools
328 students
46.3% poor
1919200%0%0%
Homer Community School District
1,025 students
54.5% poor
6564610%0%1.6%
East Shore Leadership Academy*
205 students
94.1% poor
1519170%0%0%
White Cloud Public Schools
957 students
75.5% poor
5353521.9%0%0%
Arbor Academy*
214 students
86.4% poor
2220130%0%0%
Hartford Public Schools
1,365 students
84.5% poor
7575831.3%1.3%1.2%
University Preparatory Academy (PSAD)*
1,940 students
82.8% poor
1441531596.5%4.2%11.9%
Bellevue Community Schools
600 students
62.5% poor
3637460%0%2.2%
Charlton Heston Academy*
685 students
78.5% poor
43384523.6%11.6%44.4%
Burr Oak Community School District
287 students
73.9% poor
19201810.1%5.1%5.5%
Central Lake Public Schools
291 students
71.1% poor
24201915.3%8.5%0%
Inland Lakes Schools
689 students
59.1% poor
4342410%0%0%
Reading Community Schools
733 students
55.7% poor
4640420%0%0%
Macomb Montessori Academy*
201 students
86.6% poor
1112150%9.1%39.7%
Gateway To Success Academy*
122 students
82.8% poor
156716.7%0%13.5%
Grand Rapids Public Schools
16,006 students
73.7% poor
1,2141,2131,1472.8%2.5%2.7%
Michigan Online School*
431 students
69.1% poor
00280%0%0%
Lansing Charter Academy*
546 students
89.9% poor
6159525.1%3.3%17.4%
Clintondale Community Schools
2,725 students
79.5% poor
1361441250.7%2.2%2.4%
Romulus Community Schools
2,577 students
75.7% poor
1801861810%1.7%2.2%
Orchard View Schools
2,268 students
75.5% poor
1561621440%0%0%
Bendle Public Schools
1,185 students
96.8% poor
6871811.4%0%0%
GEE Edmonson Academy*
232 students
100% poor
18171312.1%17.1%38.5%
River City Scholars Charter Academy*
477 students
92.9% poor
5048410%2%4.8%
Michigan Great Lakes Virtual Academy*
2,857 students
77.4% poor
1161351661.5%0%0%
American International Academy*
709 students
90.4% poor
2522168.9%0%38%
Paramount Charter Academy*
451 students
92.7% poor
3442434.7%11.8%13.9%
West MI Academy of Environmental Science*
822 students
60.6% poor
5758500%0%0%
Lincoln Park, School District of the City of
4,804 students
72.7% poor
3123333460%0%0.6%
Hesperia Community Schools
899 students
72.6% poor
5756583.6%0%1.7%
Bentley Community School District
836 students
67.9% poor
4646602.2%0%1.7%
Charyl Stockwell Academy*
1,118 students
16.2% poor
6466653%1.6%6.2%
University Yes Academy*
554 students
79.4% poor
2231229.8%0%0%
Bridge Academy*
773 students
99.5% poor
42454311.1%4.8%37.2%
Jackson Public Schools
4,770 students
71% poor
3112922671%1%1.9%
Detroit Community Schools*
672 students
99.9% poor
52433623.1%11.5%36.3%
Rutherford Winans Academy*
179 students
93.3% poor
1111919%9.1%0%
Renaissance Public School Academy*
431 students
58.5% poor
2726297.8%0%3.4%
Taylor School District
6,217 students
62.3% poor
4364344321.4%2.1%2.5%
Dr. Joseph F. Pollack Academic Center of Excellence*
835 students
82.2% poor
4551513.9%4.4%5.9%
Marion Public Schools
421 students
66.3% poor
3230263.4%0%3.9%
International Academy of Saginaw*
194 students
74.7% poor
22151520%23.3%34.5%
Madison-Carver Academy*
686 students
90.7% poor
3237310%3.1%0%
Kensington Woods Schools*
128 students
25.8% poor
1716136.2%6%0%
Washington-Parks Academy*
1,624 students
90.2% poor
8483650%0%0%
Trillium Academy*
594 students
71.2% poor
5450444%1.8%13.6%
The New Standard Academy*
581 students
96% poor
4137350%2.5%2.9%
Innocademy Allegan Campus*
113 students
77.9% poor
981112.2%0%0%
Wayne-Westland Community School District
10,898 students
53.2% poor
7987937780.1%0.3%0%
North Adams-Jerome Public Schools
283 students
76.3% poor
1920190%0%0%
Alanson Public Schools
219 students
63.9% poor
1816186.3%5.6%5.6%
Will Carleton Charter School Academy*
251 students
26.7% poor
23231826%4.3%34.1%
Watersmeet Township School District
134 students
78.4% poor
1718185.6%5.9%5.7%
Pittsford Area Schools
453 students
60.5% poor
2928280%0%3.6%
Ypsilanti Community Schools
3,840 students
65.3% poor
3333302980.9%0%1.3%
Bangor Public Schools (Van Buren)
1,118 students
76.1% poor
7176770%0%2.6%
Escuela Avancemos*
301 students
98.3% poor
1717205.9%0%15.4%
Star International Academy*
1,562 students
93.5% poor
98908629.8%14.3%33.9%
Godfrey-Lee Public Schools
1,840 students
95.4% poor
1271281180.8%0%0.8%
Waterford Montessori Academy*
309 students
31.1% poor
13141936.3%0%32.3%
Faxon Language Immersion Academy*
67 students
43.3% poor
115588.9%9.1%0%
Quest Charter Academy*
769 students
75.4% poor
5853551.9%1.7%12.7%
Francis Reh PSA*
455 students
97.8% poor
28222927.8%0%31.1%
Atherton Community Schools
852 students
81.9% poor
4550520%4.5%0%
Caseville Public Schools
268 students
70.1% poor
22202110.1%4.6%0%
Owendale-Gagetown Area School District
148 students
65.5% poor
1110100%0%0%
Harper Woods, The School District of the City of
2,349 students
76.1% poor
981091330.9%0%5.3%
Kelloggsville Public Schools
2,418 students
87.9% poor
1431481670%0%0%
Advanced Technology Academy*
1,296 students
92.7% poor
10491902.2%2.9%5.6%
Global Heights Academy*
261 students
100% poor
2024190%0%5.3%
Eau Claire Public Schools
754 students
90.6% poor
6165501.5%0%0%
Lansing Public School District
10,652 students
71.5% poor
7977747622.7%2.1%4.6%
Battle Creek Montessori Academy*
180 students
72.2% poor
98912.5%11.1%10.7%
Evergreen Academy*
54 students
68.5% poor
101080%0%0%
Hamtramck, School District of the City of
3,300 students
94.4% poor
1861962211%0%0.5%
Southwest Detroit Community School*
386 students
93.8% poor
23313112.9%13%6.5%
Walkerville Public Schools
263 students
82.9% poor
2221220%0%4.5%
Great Lakes Cyber Academy*
1,061 students
58.2% poor
3037435.4%3.3%0%
Sarah J. Webber Media Arts Academy*
219 students
88.6% poor
10970%0%30.8%
Hope of Detroit Academy*
957 students
95.8% poor
49586312.1%6.1%30.4%
Henry Ford Academy: School for Creative Studies (PSAD)*
1,286 students
82.3% poor
9087923.4%1.1%8.7%
Highpoint Virtual Academy of Michigan*
837 students
74.7% poor
924344.1%0%0%
Van Dyke Public Schools
2,355 students
88.3% poor
1721731601.7%0%0.6%
Summit Academy North*
1,842 students
66.3% poor
1041011014%2.9%4%
Mt. Morris Consolidated Schools
1,827 students
82.7% poor
1331271390%0%0.7%
St. Clair County Intervention Academy*
55 students
100% poor
6650%0%0%
Global Tech Academy*
181 students
94.5% poor
1412130%7.4%0%
East Jackson Community Schools
940 students
64.7% poor
5659573.4%1.8%3.5%
Nah Tah Wahsh Public School Academy*
186 students
88.2% poor
2423268.7%4.2%11.5%
Hillsdale Preparatory School*
132 students
50% poor
1313107.7%0%30%
Dove Academy of Detroit*
469 students
88.1% poor
3033353.1%3.4%16.9%
Muskegon, Public Schools of the City of
3,589 students
87.6% poor
2632732723.3%4.2%4.4%
WAY Michigan*
195 students
80% poor
59100%0%0%
The Woodley Leadership Academy*
182 students
90.7% poor
00100%0%0%
LifeTech Academy*
161 students
51.6% poor
5770%0%28.8%
Momentum Academy*
216 students
89.4% poor
1311229.5%8%4.5%
Eastpointe Community Schools
2,691 students
79% poor
2352172083.7%0%7.2%
Hazel Park, School District of the City of
3,271 students
66.4% poor
2202542210%0%0.5%
New Branches Charter Academy*
350 students
82.6% poor
2322234.5%0%0%
George Washington Carver Academy*
537 students
99.6% poor
32253316%0%27.5%
Chandler Park Academy*
2,199 students
92.4% poor
12411811810.2%4%16.9%
Westwood Heights Schools
1,510 students
92.2% poor
7383810%0%3.7%
Litchfield Community Schools
256 students
71.1% poor
1618160%6.3%0%
Flat River Academy*
146 students
78.8% poor
14111826.4%7.1%27.4%
West Village Academy*
353 students
70.8% poor
27283210.7%11.1%18.8%
Redford Union Schools, District No. 1
2,392 students
76.3% poor
1842122092.4%1.6%3.4%
Bridgeport-Spaulding Community School District
1,565 students
84.2% poor
9189882.2%2.2%1.1%
Whitefish Township Schools
47 students
63.8% poor
8980%0%0%
Da Vinci Institute*
446 students
74.7% poor
3229260%3.2%3.8%
Detroit Achievement Academy*
286 students
73.4% poor
917210%0%0%
GEE White Academy*
374 students
99.7% poor
31302613.5%6.6%26.7%
Battle Creek Public Schools
3,911 students
83.7% poor
3113073132%1%7%
Mount Clemens Community School District
1,041 students
79.7% poor
7371740%0%0%
Countryside Academy*
756 students
88% poor
4540462.5%2.2%13.2%
Crescent Academy*
962 students
88.9% poor
72645717.2%16.7%26.2%
Woodland Park Academy*
386 students
80.6% poor
3233340%3.1%6%
Timberland Academy*
729 students
96.7% poor
5057578.7%0%1.8%
Hope Academy*
534 students
87.6% poor
2830310%0%12.9%
Pontiac City School District
4,180 students
79.6% poor
2862682590.4%0.4%0%
David Ellis Academy*
304 students
92.8% poor
2723224.3%3.7%9.2%
Oak Park, School District of the City of
4,368 students
81.4% poor
2632792861.1%0%2.1%
Legacy Charter Academy*
747 students
97.9% poor
5652541.9%3.6%26.1%
River Rouge, School District of the City of
2,279 students
79.4% poor
9910111411.8%6.1%9.6%
Weston Preparatory Academy*
297 students
90.6% poor
20161618.8%4.9%25%
MacDowell Preparatory Academy*
366 students
98.6% poor
16202314.7%24.9%13.2%
Richfield Public School Academy*
670 students
95.7% poor
5753481.9%1.8%0%
Three Oaks Public School Academy*
350 students
100% poor
2427240%4.1%24.5%
Detroit Academy of Arts and Sciences*
1,045 students
93.3% poor
3737420%10.8%0%
Beecher Community School District
755 students
93% poor
5352491.9%1.9%8.2%
Vanderbilt Area Schools
80 students
81.3% poor
12101410.4%17.2%0%
Genesee STEM Academy*
308 students
94.5% poor
16191621.1%0%0%
Global Preparatory Academy*
107 students
84.1% poor
1011100%0%0%
Summit Academy*
261 students
73.2% poor
2527203.6%0%0%
Detroit Premier Academy*
770 students
95.7% poor
59625012.9%3.4%23.9%
Martin Luther King, Jr. Education Center Academy*
397 students
85.6% poor
24222113.6%16.7%23.8%
Commonwealth Community Development Academy*
193 students
91.2% poor
97100%0%0%
Pontiac Academy for Excellence*
774 students
75.3% poor
7774555.4%6.5%5.5%
Marvin L. Winans Academy of Performing Arts*
520 students
93.5% poor
2933226%6.9%9.2%
Ecorse Public Schools
1,055 students
81.7% poor
6859710%0%4.2%
Detroit Public Schools Community District
50,176 students
85.9% poor
3,0223,4393,5071.6%0.6%2.6%
Cesar Chavez Academy*
2,291 students
97.5% poor
14915015712.6%8%23.5%
Saginaw Preparatory Academy*
308 students
97.1% poor
27192315.7%0%8.6%
Pansophia Academy*
419 students
81.6% poor
2628270%3.8%7.3%
Bay City Academy*
365 students
76.2% poor
34302623.4%14.7%23.1%
Frontier International Academy*
640 students
98.9% poor
2729356.8%3.8%23%
Hamilton Academy*
207 students
89.9% poor
2022170%5.1%0%
Bradford Academy*
1,416 students
83.2% poor
991051045.7%4%5.8%
Plymouth Educational Center Charter School*
507 students
84.2% poor
33322115.9%9.1%9.5%
Arts and Technology Academy of Pontiac*
843 students
76.6% poor
35362219.4%20%22.7%
Burton Glen Charter Academy*
599 students
97.2% poor
5250412%0%9.6%
Flextech High School Shepherd*
35 students
60% poor
0040%0%0%
Conner Creek Academy East*
932 students
92.8% poor
5656559%3.5%14.4%
Westwood Community School District
1,661 students
84.9% poor
1241191150%0%0%
Michigan International Prep School*
449 students
67% poor
0390%0%0%
W-A-Y Academy*
352 students
93.2% poor
2617140%0%0%
WAY Academy - Flint*
132 students
92.4% poor
171170%0%0%
Great Lakes Academy*
151 students
91.4% poor
13141114.3%7.7%9.5%
State Street Academy*
120 students
82.5% poor
171497.1%0%22.2%
Hope Academy of West Michigan*
371 students
92.5% poor
2634343%0%5.8%
Michigan Mathematics and Science Academy*
817 students
99.8% poor
40515819.6%10%22.2%
Mid-Michigan Leadership Academy*
238 students
98.7% poor
29262111.5%10.3%14.3%
Alba Public Schools
123 students
81.3% poor
1411120%0%0%
Detroit Merit Charter Academy*
737 students
92.3% poor
5157558.8%3.9%21.9%
Clara B. Ford Academy (SDA)*
131 students
99.2% poor
15151713.7%0%6%
William C. Abney Academy*
352 students
97.2% poor
4132340%2.4%0%
Flint, School District of the City of
4,245 students
90.4% poor
3553012750%0%8%
Insight School of Michigan*
769 students
74% poor
4138410%0%4.9%
Academy of Warren*
678 students
95.7% poor
46354020%15.2%17.5%
Lighthouse Academy*
353 students
95.2% poor
2939430%20.8%16.3%
Oakside Scholars Charter Academy*
739 students
92.8% poor
5356503.6%0%21.8%
Macomb Academy*
74 students
27% poor
9850%0%0%
Grand Blanc Academy*
384 students
88% poor
3231286.4%3.1%21.4%
Regent Park Scholars Charter Academy*
749 students
98.1% poor
5655571.8%3.6%21%
Presque Isle Academy*
18 students
100% poor
2210%0%0%
Old Mission Peninsula School*
134 students
19.4% poor
00140%0%0%
Elm River Township School District
4 students
100% poor
1110%0%0%
Kalamazoo Covenant Academy*
184 students
99.5% poor
01070%0%0%
Muskegon Covenant Academy*
235 students
99.1% poor
8770%0%0%
Capstone Academy Charter School (SDA)*
185 students
98.9% poor
8860%0%15.5%
New Paradigm Glazer-Loving Academy*
341 students
99.4% poor
1819140%0%20.8%
Covenant House Academy Detroit*
501 students
96.2% poor
3125250%0%12%
Alternative Educational Academy of Ogemaw County*
118 students
92.4% poor
4440%0%0%
Covenant House Academy Grand Rapids*
306 students
90.8% poor
1315206.7%7.7%0%
Casman Alternative Academy*
75 students
90.7% poor
55820%19.8%12.2%
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz Academy*
260 students
100% poor
12141021.4%0%0%
Cornerstone Health and Technology School*
556 students
88.8% poor
2835280%0%3.6%
Life Skills Center of Pontiac*
122 students
87.7% poor
6630%18.2%0%
Alternative Educational Academy of Iosco County*
156 students
84.6% poor
4770%0%0%
WSC Academy*
62 students
83.9% poor
45420.8%0%0%
Battle Creek Area Learning Center*
167 students
83.8% poor
89110%0%0%
Church School District
22 students
81.8% poor
1210%0%0%
Blended Learning Academies Credit Recovery High School*
100 students
80% poor
4450%0%0%
Academic and Career Education Academy*
108 students
78.7% poor
6670%0%15.4%
Big Jackson School District
25 students
76% poor
1220%0%0%
Berlin Township S/D #3
8 students
75% poor
1110%0%0%
Windover High School*
184 students
73.9% poor
4750%0%0%
Bay-Arenac Community High School*
172 students
72.7% poor
7680%0%12.5%
Success Virtual Learning Centers of Michigan*
1,237 students
72.4% poor
013210%0%0%
Wells Township School District
10 students
70% poor
2340%0%0%
Arvon Township School District
10 students
70% poor
2220%0%0%
Youth Advancement Academy*
19 students
68.4% poor
5420%0%0%
Jalen Rose Leadership Academy*
413 students
90.3% poor
23242620.4%12.8%15.4%
Taylor Preparatory High School*
433 students
64.9% poor
2326297.7%0%3.5%
Virtual Learning Academy of St. Clair County*
132 students
63.6% poor
9970%0%0%
Relevant Academy of Eaton County*
69 students
62.3% poor
5560%0%0%
Grand River Preparatory High School*
625 students
60.2% poor
3942440%0%0%
Wellspring Preparatory High School*
430 students
59.8% poor
2933400%0%0%
Arts Academy in the Woods*
352 students
56.5% poor
2328290%0%3.5%
Henry Ford Academy*
515 students
54.2% poor
2828320%0%3.2%
Lake Superior Academy*
66 students
51.5% poor
1220%0%0%
NexTech High School*
133 students
66.2% poor
9171635.9%0%6.3%
Arbor Preparatory High School*
313 students
45.4% poor
2731276.6%0%0%
Oneida Township S/D #3
24 students
37.5% poor
2220%0%0%
NexTech High School of Lansing*
169 students
46.7% poor
12111027.9%8.3%9.9%
FlexTech High School*
238 students
35.3% poor
17181711.3%5.9%0%
Sigel Township S/D #3F
20 students
30% poor
2220%0%0%
Canton Preparatory High School*
402 students
29.4% poor
3131330%0%0%
Washtenaw Technical Middle College*
754 students
27.5% poor
2020230%0%0%
West Michigan Aviation Academy*
611 students
26.5% poor
3742392.4%5.4%17.8%
FlexTech High School - Novi*
186 students
31.2% poor
7790%0%0%
Mackinac Island Public Schools
67 students
14.9% poor
1010100%0%0%
Grant Township S/D #2
4 students
0% poor
1110%0%0%
Charlevoix Montessori Academy for the Arts*
42 students
76.2% poor
561033.1%0%20.7%
Innocademy*
340 students
30.3% poor
21203035.2%19.3%20.1%
New School High*
82 students
12.2% poor
712100%0%10.2%
Alpena-Montmorency-Alcona ESD - District created from ISD
218 students
77.5% poor
1922250%0%0%
Barry ISD - District created from ISD
170 students
58.2% poor
2925250%0%0%
Bay-Arenac ISD - District created from ISD
851 students
61.6% poor
1501481530.7%0%0%
Charlevoix-Emmet ISD - District created from ISD
392 students
42.9% poor
6263640%0%0%
Eastern Upper Peninsula ISD - District created from ISD
189 students
50.8% poor
4847450%2.1%0%
Dickinson-Iron ISD - District created from ISD
210 students
65.7% poor
3736352.8%0%0%
Eaton RESA - District created from ISD
359 students
72.7% poor
92109940%1.1%0%
Traverse Bay Area ISD - District created from ISD
1,077 students
58.4% poor
2762762780%0%0%
Gratiot-Isabella RESD - District created from ISD
221 students
74.2% poor
7875761.3%1.3%0%
Hillsdale ISD - District created from ISD
374 students
69.5% poor
4445462.2%0%0%
Copper Country ISD - District created from ISD
248 students
74.2% poor
38404112.5%7.9%12.3%
Huron ISD - District created from ISD
204 students
59.8% poor
5051520%0%0%
Ionia ISD - District created from ISD
490 students
49.4% poor
1251121160%0%0%
Iosco RESA - District created from ISD
232 students
71.6% poor
2219230%0%0%
Lewis Cass ISD - District created from ISD
284 students
64.4% poor
4744384.5%0%7.8%
Kalamazoo RESA - District created from ISD
2,084 students
52.3% poor
1621771677.9%5.6%6.6%
Sanilac ISD - District created from ISD
317 students
69.1% poor
3334360%0%5.6%
Gogebic-Ontonagon ISD - District created from ISD
117 students
51.3% poor
2120184.9%14.3%5.4%
Lapeer ISD - District created from ISD
294 students
60.5% poor
5756590%1.7%0%
Livingston ESA - District created from ISD
619 students
46% poor
1441651650%0%0%
Midland County Educational Service Agency - District created from ISD
1,775 students
66.4% poor
6266650%1.6%4.6%
Macomb ISD - District created from ISD
3,651 students
58.9% poor
3503553590%0%0%
C.O.O.R. ISD - District created from ISD
318 students
71.4% poor
2221260%4.5%3.8%
Manistee ISD - District created from ISD
73 students
82.2% poor
2728270%3.7%3.7%
Mecosta-Osceola ISD - District created from ISD
530 students
55.5% poor
9992940%0%0%
Menominee ISD - District created from ISD
107 students
72% poor
1618190%0%0%
Monroe ISD - District created from ISD
1,279 students
56.1% poor
1691701790%2.4%0%
St. Joseph County ISD - District created from ISD
474 students
55.7% poor
6564663.1%1.5%3%
Muskegon Area ISD - District created from ISD
1,535 students
65.6% poor
7383887.2%4.1%0%
Montcalm Area ISD - District created from ISD
525 students
51.8% poor
991021052%0%2.9%
Oakland Schools - District created from ISD
2,768 students
69.3% poor
1401321370%0%0%
Kent ISD - District created from ISD
2,918 students
57.3% poor
5645945830%0%0.2%
Lenawee ISD - District created from ISD
596 students
57.7% poor
1401391310.7%1.4%2.3%
Shiawassee Regional ESD - District created from ISD
598 students
62.7% poor
8785911.2%1.2%2.2%
Cheb-Otsego-Presque Isle ESD - District created from ISD
307 students
51.1% poor
3946502.2%0%2%
Clare-Gladwin Regional Education Service District - District created from ISD
379 students
61.5% poor
5149494%0%2%
Wexford-Missaukee ISD - District created from ISD
421 students
48.2% poor
7676780%0%0%
Delta-Schoolcraft ISD - District created from ISD
321 students
81.9% poor
4544410%0%0%
Ottawa Area ISD - District created from ISD
1,426 students
50.1% poor
1481511623.3%3.4%1.9%
Calhoun Intermediate School District - District created from ISD
1,208 students
60.3% poor
2022001922%0.5%1.6%
Marquette-Alger RESA - District created from ISD
124 students
62.9% poor
2021210%0%0%
Newaygo County RESA - District created from ISD
465 students
55.7% poor
6566661.5%0%1.5%
Allegan Area Educational Service Agency - District created from ISD
426 students
48.6% poor
8881811.2%1.1%1.2%
Branch ISD - District created from ISD
551 students
58.3% poor
8081810%1.3%1.2%
Saginaw ISD - District created from ISD
837 students
63.7% poor
1891721701.2%1.1%1.2%
St. Clair County RESA - District created from ISD
600 students
69.5% poor
7781931.2%2.6%1.1%
Van Buren ISD - District created from ISD
641 students
40.7% poor
2121951920%1.4%0%
Washtenaw ISD - District created from ISD
1,275 students
60.4% poor
1371591880.6%0%0%
Berrien RESA - District created from ISD
800 students
64.4% poor
1221191360%0.8%0.7%
Ingham ISD - District created from ISD
1,365 students
60.9% poor
1581571630%1.9%0.6%
Tuscola ISD - District created from ISD
550 students
74.7% poor
9595960%0%0%
Jackson ISD - District created from ISD
1,215 students
64% poor
2222192280%0%0.4%
West Shore Educational Service District - District created from ISD
417 students
71.5% poor
8280770%0%0%
Genesee ISD - District created from ISD
3,744 students
65.9% poor
2432543992%1.6%0.3%
Clinton County RESA - District created from ISD
349 students
40.4% poor
6265630%0%0%

Source: Michigan Department of Education’s Office of Educator Excellence

Note: Poor indicates the percentage of students who are considered economically disadvantaged. The majority of those are eligible for a free or reduced price lunch because of their family income.

 

Then-Gov. Rick Snyder signed a bill in 2015 that allowed retirees to work in classrooms. But that law expired in July 2018, restoring restrictions designed to limit so-called “double-dipping” on teacher pensions. Those restrictions were later extended to 2021. Flanagan said the Legislature could take up a similar bill that would again ease restrictions.

Amber Arellano, of Education Trust Midwest, a K-12 group that advocates for policies that reduce achievement gaps in Michigan, applauded the Bridge report and called the revelations “important.” 

“We’re thinking more about solutions on this topic now,” she said in an email to Bridge. 

In its report, Bridge found that: 

  • Students attending low-income school districts and charters were three times more likely to have a classroom led by a long-term substitute than students in other districts.

  • Charter school students were four times more likely to have a long-term substitute than students in traditional public schools.

  • Students in the lowest academic-performing school districts and charters were more than three times more likely to have long-term substitutes instead of certified teachers.

  • Sixteen charter school districts have more than half of their classrooms staffed with long-term substitutes; 25 charters and the Benton Harbor schools have more than 40 percent long-term subs.

Rice, who started this week as the state’s top educator after leading the Kalamazoo schools, said long-term subs do fill a need, and often a critical one, for districts across the state.

“What they're going to tell you is they need teachers to teach children today,” Rice said. He then described the reality faced by many districts when there is no certified teacher to fill a staff opening:  

“My physics teacher just left? OK. It's July 15. There are no people standing in line to be physics teachers. I've got nothing. So I've got this person, who likes science, who's got a bachelor's degree in whatever he's got a bachelor's degree in. And you know what? He's next up. He's not ideal. But I don't have any ideal.”

Rice argues it took “a decade to get into this situation, and it will take a decade to get out.”

The solution, he said, comes down largely to money.

Teacher salaries and benefits aren’t as competitive with other professions as they once were, Rice said. Districts need to make it more financially attractive to be a teacher. And to do that, the state will need to pony up more money.

Gov. Gretchen Whitmer has proposed an expanded education budget that her spokeswoman, Tiffany Brown, calls “the largest investment in education in a generation.” The Democratic governor is promoting a “weighted foundation” in education spending “so all students can access what they need to succeed – including highly qualified teachers,” Brown said.  

Ryan Fewins-Bliss, interim executive director of Michigan College Access Network, which works to increase higher education opportunities for rural, urban and low-income students, said students are not best served by uncertified teachers, particularly the state’s most vulnerable students.  

“While I appreciate the dedication and caring that individuals serving as long-term subs bring to the classroom, the data and research cited by Bridge Magazine in their recent series of articles -- along with common sense -- tell us that credentialed, permanent teachers are what’s best for kids,” he wrote in an email.

“Unfortunately, the districts that serve large numbers of students of color, low-income students and first-generation college-going students are more likely to have a higher number of long-term subs,” Fewins-Bliss wrote. 

“At the end of the day, having well-trained and permanent teachers and school counselors is a fundamental right of all students, in the college-going process and beyond.”

Former teacher and current Sen. Dayna Polehanki, D-Livonia, said the growth in long-term substitute teachers is “absolutely a problem we need to address.”

“I have nothing against long-term subs themselves or the schools who don’t have a choice,” Polehanki said, “but, boy, do you really want to fill schools with people who maybe aren’t qualified to even manage a classroom properly? It’s a huge problem.”

The growth in long-term substitutes is the short-term problem that exposes the larger problem lying beneath: school funding, Polehanki said.

“The through-line on this is, if you don’t have the funding, you can’t get the teachers, then you get long-term subs, then the kids don’t learn and your [test] scores tank.

“It’s impossible to fix this without money,” said Polehanki, who is the minority vice-chair of the Senate Education and Career Readiness Committee.

In the short term, Polehanki said she hoped exposure of the problem would alert parents to the issue.

“I don’t think parents actually know if their kids’ teachers are qualified teachers,” Polehanki said. “Hopefully this alerts parents [to check with schools].”

Calls by Bridge to Republican House and Senate leaders and the chairs of each chamber’s education committee were not immediately returned Thursday. Republicans hold majorities in both legislative bodies. 

Flanagan, the former state superintendent, said the teaching profession doesn’t have the allure it once did. The pay and benefits, though not bad aren’t as lucrative as they once were. Pensions and retiree health plans aren’t as good.

“It’s clearly is something that a lot of kids don’t find attractive,” Flanagan said.

Michigan teachers are increasingly expressing unhappiness and a quarter of them said they wouldn't recommend the profession, according to a survey of nearly 16,000 educators released this year.

Those sour attitudes and diminished rewards have triggered the decline in education majors, said Doug Pratt, spokesman for the Michigan Education Association, the state’s largest teachers’ union.

More than just pay and benefits, teachers want respect, he said. They want classroom support from administrators and the community.

"We need to fix this problem," he said.

If Michigan paid teachers better, Pratt said, there would be less incentive to leave one district for another. “First we’ve got to raise the pay enough so you don’t have the raiding from one [district] of another,” he said.

Nikolai Vitti, the Detroit Public Schools superintendent, filled hundreds of openings by boosting teacher pay and offering hiring bonuses. Many of those teachers came from local charter schools where pay was lower; many of those charter schools then turned heavily to long-term subs.

Has this story impacted or informed you about Michigan? Please support our work.

No other news outlet is dedicated to providing the same level of in-depth, data-driven coverage of Michigan’s issues as Bridge Magazine. Any donation between now and December 31, will be matched dollar-for-dollar, thanks to our generous partners. Become a Bridge Club member and help our reporters get the resources they need to ramp up coverage during a critical election year. Join the Bridge team today.

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Comments

Lou
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 9:07am

From a district leader--this is a very real problem faced by rural schools in Michigan. Mr. Flanagan is correct in indicating it will take years to remedy this problem--and that's once we get serious about it.

This is not only about pay, it is also about personnel. Michigan schools made massive cuts in personnel during the last economic downturn and most have not replaced those positions. Here is one example: In a day an age where individualized learning is becoming more and more possible, every district needs to have an adequate number of persons whose job it is to compile and return data to teachers in a quickly digestible manner. Every district also needs someone to organize curriculum and data meetings throughout the course of the year with teachers.

I understand that money is always a controversial topic. Leaders in Lansing always hear about the length of a school year when it comes to teacher pay. I have suggested to legislative members that one way to lessen this is to increase the number of days required in bargaining unit contracts. The time is needed before and during the school year to train and do deep dives on data and then to retarget learning based on that data. It should be a simple argument from either side of the legislative aisle to explain that requiring more workdays should mean more pay. This will mean that the school year will be somewhat longer, relative to the number of days added. However, if Michigan is to begin to make gains and move from a bottom dweller in academic achievement to top 10 we cannot keep doing things the same way we have always done them.

duane
Mon, 08/12/2019 - 1:01am

Lou,
You have some ideas that should be explore, the other part that should be consider are who could fill those roles. It is quite possible that there are people in the respective districts that have the knowledge and skills and experience that would be interested in taking on the relevant responsibilities on a part time basis, and many for no more than a $1 a year, simply to help the learning. But that could only happen if the 'educators' were willing to see the public as a valid resource, something that I have yet or hear of.

Marlene Lott
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 9:52am

With all due respect I have attended large schools and small schools, Northern Schools and Southern Schools, big colleges and little colleges AND NO ONE MADE FOR a BETTER instructor than a United States Military Instructor. They have LIVED among diversity, both economic and social their entire career. They are USED to instructing people who learn differently. You do NOT have to be a college Department of Education trained teacher to be a GOOD TEACHER.

Alexander Beaton
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 2:19pm

Are you suggesting that school administrators recruit drill sergeants to teach reading, writing, arithmetic, etc in grades K-12?

duane
Sun, 08/11/2019 - 4:51pm

Alexander,
I wonder about your experience with those sergeants that took those fresh out of high school through a whole new technology and maturity. I hope you aren't using the versions of drill sergeants and DIs you see the movie, like Platoon, even then those characters were disappearing, and today the world has changed so much that those drill sergeants and DIs have knowledge and skills that could work very well, at the very least, in high school and middle school classrooms.

Alexander Beaton
Fri, 08/30/2019 - 11:37am

Late reply... As the parent of a middle-school student, I do like the tougher teachers that reinforce what I am trying to teach at home, that rules and boundaries are part of being a responsible adult human being, while still promoting creativity and critical thinking. I've no doubt that drill sergeants have people skills that could apply to teaching. It's a broad skill-set to be a teacher. There's probably quite a few that would be up to the task, if they chose the teaching career path and put in the time.

James M. Flint
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 10:00am

The goal is not the number of substitute teachers (part-timers) a school district may employ, but whether or not using a substitute teacher enhances or degrades a student's education. The real test is the student's proficiency to perform. If their is no difference in the student's performance, then substitute teachers should be used by cash strapped school districts.

Dave Frederick
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 11:15am

Perfect republican scam, break the system, decry its destruction, then offer a solution they can make money from

James F Bish
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 2:56pm

Agree with your analysis, but would add the cautionary note that you should include the corporate democrats as being complicit in this "scam".
We learned this the hard way here in Detroit regarding the destruction of Detroit Public Schools.

Martha Dahlinger
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 1:39pm

Bridge, Thank you for gathering the information for this report. Michigan residents and the business community need all the help they can get in recognizing the poverty of our children and public school districts. This condition will keep our state from prospering and being a desirable place to live and do business. For too long we have cut school funding and tried to use a stick to solve the problem. Obviously this hasn't work. We adults need to take off our dunce caps and put on our thinking caps and begin to address this huge problem.

Kevin Grand
Sat, 08/10/2019 - 11:56am

These series of stories don't mesh at all with the narrative being promoted by The Bridge.

After the consistent articles pushing students towards attending college, it turns around and reports that people who have completed college are now incapable of imparting the same knowledge that they needed in order to graduate, to students at a lower grade level.

You cannot have it both ways.

duane
Sun, 08/11/2019 - 9:04pm

Kevin,
Well educated parents are an inconvenient truth for 'educators' and Bridge. The theme of these articles seems to be money, more money for 'education', and learning and how and why learning happens so broadly in the 'wealthy' [college educated parents] districts and is not dependent on spending doesn't fit the theme.
The articles seem to avoid exploring the how and why 'wealthy' districts succeed by the impact of parents, how parents who have learned how to learn teach that to their children, how college educated parents emphasize learning, how college educated parents reinforce their students learning efforts, and how this does need more money to 'educator'.

duane
Sun, 08/11/2019 - 4:24pm

It’s always about money; it’s only about money, nothing else but money matters when it comes to teachers and Michigan education.
I remember when it was about parent attitudes and support for their kids learning, when it was about the students’ attitudes and their desire for learning, when it was community attitude and support for education.
Now even the Superintendent of Michigan Education makes it only about money, nothing about improving learning, nothing about the students, nothing about the classroom environment, nothing about the communities, nothing about the future, it is only about the money.
We’ve lived in large cities, small towns even in northern Michigan, and what we found was where the children were learning, where parents were part of the learning, where the community supported learning, where the students wanted to learn [independent of the teachers] the money followed.
A successful leader describes their vision for the future and how each person can be part of making that success, but what we get from Superintendent Rice is a cry for more and more money leaving us with a vision of no change in student learning.

***
Mon, 08/12/2019 - 2:07pm

Money isn't going to solve all of these problems but how far are you going to get by trying to lecture parents about being more responsible for their kids education and telling kids they need to care more? It is a very touchy subject especially with the parents, they would probably tell you there is nothing wrong with what they are doing as a parent etc.

duane
Wed, 08/14/2019 - 9:23am

What if the efforts were to create an interactive learning for parents that want their children to learn, starting with those parents that are moving their students to schools outside their neighborhood]? Rather then lecture, why not link them with mentoring parents [those whose children have succeeded academically]? Why not, start before there students have an academic record, offers these type of efforts to parents with children just beginning their schooling? What if it were framed that the parents weren't taught [my parents weren't, I wasn't] how to learn when they were students and did not stay in school while they watched those who stayed in school and are doing better financially and you offered them the means to help their children stay in school and succeed academically? What if you created a means for parents to specifically support and supplement the teachers and classrooms?
Why not workout how much it will cost and generation some results before asking for money?

Sunshine
Thu, 08/15/2019 - 1:50pm

I work at a Charter School. All the teachers here complain about low pay. They give their all to the students in the classroom but then still have to work a second job to make ends meet. Something needs to be done about this. Our students deserve a good education with good certified teachers. Similarly, teachers deserve good compensation where they can live a life where their focus is to educate students versus how they will pay their bills. Districts lose good people because of this.