Taught by substitute teachers, Michigan students relied on YouTube for lessons

Universal Academy

Universal Academy, a public charter school in Detroit, sought 30 permits for long-term substitute teachers – in a school with 33 teachers – last school year.

Is your teacher certified?

Students and parents can check to see if a teacher has a teaching certificate or if they hold a substitute’s permit. The state's online search tool also shows what areas they are approved to teach by using the state's online search tool. It can be found here.

DETROIT — Wally Alhomaidi knew he had a problem in his high school chemistry class.

With a long-term substitute teacher leading the class at Universal Academy, a Detroit charter school, Wally said he didn’t learn much about chemistry in class. So he taught himself.

“We had to go home and learn online. Everyone would have to do that in order to pass the class,” he said.

Besides, the kids all knew where to find help: “Everything’s on YouTube.”

Thousands of students across Michigan may face similar choices as the use of long-term subs – many without any teaching background and as little as two years of college – has risen tenfold in the state’s public schools over the last five years.

Related: Michigan schools say they can’t find enough substitute teachers

School leaders point to a shrinking number of certified teachers and have called for increases in pay and other incentives that will make the teaching profession more attractive and boost the number of college graduates entering the profession.

But before any new wave of college grads are ready to teach, students like Wally are dealing with a growing reality: less qualified teachers who, they say, are putting a throttle on their education.

Wally, 16, who is beginning his junior year, said he wants to be a doctor. He finds science fascinating, or did until last school year. “It became, like, really uninteresting,” he said.

Check how many long-term substitutes are in your school district or charter

State records obtained by Bridge Magazine indicate Universal Academy requested 30 permits for long-term substitute teachers – in a school with 33 teachers. The uncertified subs were among the more than 2,500 state permits issued to hire long-term substitutes at traditional public and charter schools in the 2018-19 school year, up from an average of just over 200 a year from 2012 to 2015.

Wally Alhomaidi

Wally Alhomaidi, 16, said he’s lost interest in science since he had a long-term substitute in chemistry last year at Universal Academy on Detroit’s west side. (Bridge photo by Mike Wilkinson)

The stark increase was detailed in a Bridge report earlier this month that drew shock from education advocates who said legislators and others need to address the problem in a state that lags most of the nation in academic achievement. High rates of long-term subs were particularly pronounced in schools filled with low-income students, and in the state’s charter schools. 

How many long-term subs in your district?

Use this tool to see how many subs are in a district and the percent of teaching slots held by long-term subs. You can put any part of a district’s name in the search box. Charter schools are denoted with an asterisk.

School (*charter schools)TeachersLong-term subs
2016-172017-182018-192016-172017-182018-19
Keys Grace Academy*
488 students
99% poor
2529250%0%0%
Muskegon Heights Public School Academy System*
644 students
93.5% poor
6769508.7%7.5%6.1%
Multicultural Academy*
171 students
92.4% poor
2313150%8.7%20%
Eaton Academy*
346 students
78.6% poor
28232113%0%61.9%
Midland Academy of Advanced and Creative Studies*
154 students
31.2% poor
16191431.6%19.2%59.3%
Francis Street Primary School*
32 students
100% poor
0020%0%0%
Benton Harbor Area Schools
1,941 students
82.9% poor
1241189732.3%13.7%42.3%
Waldron Area Schools
211 students
66.4% poor
20242112.3%5%38.2%
Powell Township Schools
35 students
62.9% poor
6660%0%33.3%
Mid Peninsula School District
174 students
65.5% poor
1311120%24%32.6%
Big Bay De Noc School District
165 students
69.1% poor
19151620.3%21.4%31.4%
Outlook Academy*
53 students
81.1% poor
7660%0%0%
Troy School District
13,150 students
15.4% poor
8128228410%0.1%0%
South Lyon Community Schools
8,697 students
17.2% poor
4965215100%0%0%
Plymouth Scholars Charter Academy*
769 students
12.5% poor
4248456.3%0%6.6%
Achieve Charter Academy*
763 students
14.3% poor
3847424.3%7.8%4.7%
Detroit Leadership Academy*
796 students
96.6% poor
28273725.9%0%52.1%
Beaver Island Community School
49 students
46.9% poor
119100%0%0%
Colfax Township S/D #1F
19 students
68.4% poor
1110%0%0%
Chandler Woods Charter Academy*
779 students
21.8% poor
4243440%0%2.3%
Rockford Public Schools
7,987 students
17% poor
4644704830%0%0%
Rochester Community School District
15,451 students
11.4% poor
8568768851.4%0.7%0.8%
Novi Community School District
6,698 students
9% poor
4414404610%0.2%0%
Bloomfield Hills Schools
5,506 students
11.4% poor
4334434380.2%0%0%
Byron Center Public Schools
4,157 students
26.4% poor
1992012060%0%0%
Northville Public Schools
7,375 students
6.6% poor
4444414380%0%0%
Inkster Preparatory Academy*
180 students
89.4% poor
78825%0%50%
Saline Area Schools
5,296 students
12.8% poor
3173323510.3%0%0%
Riverside Academy*
999 students
99% poor
6568667.4%1.6%37.9%
Forest Hills Public Schools
9,774 students
11.8% poor
5765865660.5%0.3%0.4%
North Saginaw Charter Academy*
512 students
96.9% poor
4446374.3%0%35.2%
Ann Arbor Public Schools
18,055 students
25% poor
1,1511,3431,3800.4%0.3%0.3%
St. Joseph Public Schools
3,003 students
31% poor
1561531580.7%0.6%1.3%
Caledonia Community Schools
4,840 students
18.6% poor
2602802880%0.4%0%
Haslett Public Schools
2,685 students
26% poor
1651741780%0%0.6%
Okemos Public Schools
4,552 students
20.1% poor
2762792910%0.7%0%
South Canton Scholars Charter Academy*
780 students
27.2% poor
4952531.9%0%3.8%
Houghton-Portage Township School District
1,409 students
30.1% poor
8388911.1%0%1.1%
Hudsonville Public School District
6,855 students
20.4% poor
3793894110.5%0%0.2%
Birmingham Public Schools
8,072 students
8.8% poor
6246476600.2%0%0.5%
Schoolcraft Community Schools
1,066 students
28.7% poor
5970650%0%0%
Dexter Community School District
3,661 students
11.3% poor
2452692680%2%0.4%
Williamston Community Schools
1,879 students
22.4% poor
961001050%2.1%1%
Lakeshore School District (Berrien)
2,785 students
30.7% poor
1691741740%0%1.2%
Brighton Area Schools
5,998 students
13.9% poor
3293433589.3%11.6%9.2%
Bedford Public Schools
4,324 students
19.9% poor
2372402360%0.4%0.4%
Saugatuck Public Schools
836 students
36% poor
5253520%0%0%
Lake Orion Community Schools
7,357 students
23.5% poor
4474324450.2%0%0%
Merritt Academy*
552 students
50.4% poor
6066643.1%1.7%3.1%
East Grand Rapids Public Schools
2,886 students
6% poor
1621711830%0%0%
Plymouth-Canton Community Schools
17,491 students
20.5% poor
9429101,0080.8%0.4%0.3%
Frankfort-Elberta Area Schools
457 students
55.4% poor
3236400%0%0%
Jenison Public Schools
5,094 students
30.9% poor
3003183360%1%0.6%
Grand Haven Area Public Schools
6,064 students
32% poor
3843813871%0.3%0.3%
DeWitt Public Schools
3,197 students
18.5% poor
1621671770%0%0%
Chelsea School District
2,443 students
14% poor
1511551580.6%0%0%
Les Cheneaux Community Schools
224 students
46.9% poor
1818215.6%5.6%4.9%
Hartland Consolidated Schools
5,482 students
16.9% poor
2833053180.3%1.4%2.5%
Berkley School District
4,377 students
18.1% poor
2792822889.2%3.9%13.2%
Excel Charter Academy*
774 students
51.3% poor
4349490%0%0%
Vanguard Charter Academy*
778 students
52.8% poor
4145460%0%0%
Walker Charter Academy*
739 students
45.2% poor
4343432.3%0%2.3%
Lowell Area Schools
3,809 students
30.6% poor
2092002120%0.5%0%
Hamilton Community Schools
2,729 students
27.1% poor
1511591630%0.7%1.8%
Wayland Union Schools
3,057 students
38.8% poor
1641681740%1.2%0%
Spring Lake Public Schools
2,468 students
17.7% poor
1391411441.4%0.7%0%
Dundee Community Schools
1,663 students
37.6% poor
8384870%2.4%0%
Marysville Public Schools
2,770 students
31.6% poor
1401481480%0.7%0%
Walled Lake Consolidated Schools
13,642 students
26.1% poor
7657687680.4%0.5%0.9%
Portage Public Schools
8,804 students
25.4% poor
5034975060%0%0%
ACE Academy (SDA)*
186 students
100% poor
161260%25%31.7%
Mattawan Consolidated School
3,756 students
18% poor
2072282351.3%0.5%1.3%
Pentwater Public School District
259 students
49.4% poor
1818180%0%0%
Grosse Ile Township Schools
1,819 students
10.9% poor
1031031130%0%0%
Glen Lake Community Schools
660 students
28.2% poor
5355540%1.9%0%
Zeeland Public Schools
6,241 students
26.2% poor
3463523740.3%0.6%0.5%
Grosse Pointe Public Schools
7,652 students
18.8% poor
5545335450.8%0.4%0.6%
Allendale Public Schools
2,700 students
30.2% poor
1541531650%0%0%
New Buffalo Area Schools
545 students
42% poor
5855550%0%0%
Hopkins Public Schools
1,657 students
38.5% poor
8888940%0%0%
Bridgman Public Schools
908 students
43.2% poor
7170720%2.8%0%
Rising Stars Academy*
125 students
93.6% poor
4260%0%0%
Anchor Bay School District
5,938 students
25.1% poor
3143133120%0%0%
Frankenmuth School District
1,319 students
20.5% poor
5366681.5%0%0%
Otsego Public Schools
2,330 students
40% poor
1231341440%0%0%
Trenton Public Schools
2,557 students
23.4% poor
1711741740%0%0%
Freeland Community School District
2,012 students
17.4% poor
941071100%0%0%
Linden Community Schools
2,713 students
27.1% poor
1481451480%0%1.4%
Grandville Public Schools
5,666 students
21.8% poor
3083313170%0%0.3%
Clarkston Community School District
7,334 students
21.3% poor
4644744733.4%0.4%6.3%
The Dearborn Academy*
509 students
99.4% poor
50494330.7%25.9%30%
Edwardsburg Public Schools
2,742 students
31.5% poor
1361341460%1.5%0.7%
Pewamo-Westphalia Community Schools
676 students
19.8% poor
3435340%0%0%
Coopersville Area Public School District
2,655 students
41.4% poor
1381411440%0%0.7%
Mason Public Schools (Ingham)
3,226 students
32.1% poor
1841871920.5%0.5%0%
Grand Ledge Public Schools
5,328 students
28% poor
3092943170.7%1%1.3%
East Lansing School District
3,607 students
33.9% poor
2212262180%0%0.9%
Almont Community Schools
1,456 students
25.5% poor
7577811.3%1.3%1.2%
International Academy of Flint*
917 students
84.3% poor
63505424.2%1.6%27.5%
Midland Public Schools
7,642 students
33.2% poor
4384404400.5%0.2%0.9%
Armada Area Schools
1,762 students
22% poor
8994900%0%0%
New Lothrop Area Public Schools
916 students
24.7% poor
5246460%0%4.3%
Bullock Creek School District
1,833 students
40% poor
1111081180%0%0%
Vicksburg Community Schools
2,660 students
34.7% poor
1551551600%0%0%
Yale Public Schools
1,912 students
41.1% poor
1031011040%0%0%
Swan Valley School District
1,801 students
38.2% poor
94981011%0%0%
Mason Consolidated Schools (Monroe)
1,027 students
48.5% poor
6966650%0%0%
Oxford Community Schools
5,589 students
24.7% poor
3123163370.9%1.9%0.9%
Harbor Springs School District
801 students
22.8% poor
5857590%0%0%
Public Schools of Petoskey
2,792 students
38.8% poor
1551531580%0%0%
Crawford AuSable Schools
1,571 students
56.9% poor
1061071080.9%1.9%1.9%
Keystone Academy*
779 students
37.4% poor
47485510.4%2.1%14.5%
Whiteford Agricultural School District of the Counties of Lenawee and Monroe
752 students
28.5% poor
3944450%2.5%6.6%
Plainwell Community Schools
2,780 students
29% poor
1541591560%0%1.3%
North Muskegon Public Schools
1,047 students
26.9% poor
6063710%1.7%0%
Livonia Public Schools School District
14,184 students
33.8% poor
8548869160.2%0%0.2%
Hancock Public Schools
701 students
47.6% poor
54464810.8%1.9%8.4%
Goodrich Area Schools
2,053 students
22.1% poor
991081110.9%0%0%
Chesaning Union Schools
1,447 students
52.4% poor
8485881.2%0%1.1%
Kingsley Area Schools
1,557 students
44.2% poor
7778811.3%0%0%
Chippewa Valley Schools
16,061 students
29.8% poor
8508368551.2%0.6%0.9%
McBain Rural Agricultural Schools
1,028 students
47.8% poor
5657573.5%1.8%0%
St. Johns Public Schools
2,799 students
34.7% poor
1601541570.7%0.6%0.6%
Elk Rapids Schools
1,264 students
36.9% poor
7068700%0%0%
Chatfield School*
486 students
26.1% poor
2728280%0%0%
Flagship Charter Academy*
698 students
98.1% poor
5253499.5%1.9%26.7%
Fowler Public Schools
480 students
27.1% poor
2524270%0%0%
Romeo Community Schools
5,042 students
24.7% poor
2822842950.4%0.7%0.3%
Grand Traverse Academy*
896 students
25.8% poor
7174814%0%6.1%
Huron Valley Schools
8,987 students
27.3% poor
5205355220.4%0.4%0.4%
Kingsbury Country Day School*
291 students
9.3% poor
19192510.5%21.5%4%
Royal Oak Schools
4,995 students
23.6% poor
3203283530.3%0.6%0.6%
Johannesburg-Lewiston Area Schools
697 students
56.8% poor
4041420%2.5%0%
Sparta Area Schools
2,500 students
47.9% poor
1411441462.1%0%0%
Honey Creek Community School*
242 students
9.1% poor
1920205.1%0%0%
Sigel Township S/D #4F
31 students
64.5% poor
1120%0%0%
Lakewood Public Schools
1,778 students
45.7% poor
1031031090%0%0%
Byron Center Charter School*
245 students
42.4% poor
2319210%0%0%
Public Schools of Calumet, Laurium & Keweenaw
1,519 students
54% poor
92928716.3%1.1%18.4%
Ovid-Elsie Area Schools
1,524 students
45.7% poor
7476840%0%0%
Farmington Public School District
9,539 students
26.2% poor
6456406560.5%0.3%0.3%
Onekama Consolidated Schools
415 students
53.5% poor
23272511.2%0%24.1%
Michigan Educational Choice Center*
263 students
100% poor
7240890%0%125%
Utica Community Schools
26,894 students
38.1% poor
1,4581,4481,4520.4%0.2%0.1%
Cass City Public Schools
968 students
51.7% poor
5353563.8%0%0%
Columbia School District
1,473 students
45.6% poor
8183820%0%0%
Black River Public School*
944 students
23.8% poor
7473730%1.4%0%
Verona Township S/D #1F
21 students
38.1% poor
1210%0%0%
Linden Charter Academy*
791 students
98.1% poor
51584913.7%7.9%26.5%
Cadillac Area Public Schools
3,136 students
60.9% poor
1611641650.6%0.6%0%
West Bloomfield School District
5,476 students
34.6% poor
3223353610.3%0.3%0.6%
Traverse City Area Public Schools
9,433 students
36% poor
4924874862.5%2.2%1.6%
Lakeview Public Schools (Macomb)
4,375 students
42.4% poor
2252272360.4%0%1.3%
Boyne City Public Schools
1,349 students
49.4% poor
7679810%0%5%
Old Redford Academy*
1,784 students
75.9% poor
13011310911.5%3.1%24%
Napoleon Community Schools
1,314 students
44.9% poor
6871720%1.5%0%
Hamtramck Academy*
537 students
98.3% poor
4547474.2%2.2%4.2%
Fairview Area School District
298 students
73.8% poor
1818220%0%4.6%
Birch Run Area Schools
1,871 students
51.6% poor
981001010%0%0%
Milan Area Schools
2,173 students
33.3% poor
1301261300%0%0%
Davison Community Schools
5,723 students
44.3% poor
2902962930%0.3%1%
Charlevoix Public Schools
872 students
43.9% poor
6061560%0%3.5%
Howell Public Schools
6,973 students
27.4% poor
4044023850.2%0.2%0.8%
Vanderbilt Charter Academy*
463 students
73.9% poor
3333373%0%0%
West MI Academy of Arts and Academics*
439 students
39.9% poor
3845402.2%5.3%0%
Charlotte Public Schools
2,467 students
43.2% poor
1541391490%0.7%0.7%
Whitehall District Schools
2,078 students
45.2% poor
1651651712.4%1.2%0.6%
Stephenson Area Public Schools
490 students
55.3% poor
3632270%0%0%
Detroit Innovation Academy*
393 students
97.2% poor
15131723.1%33.3%23.5%
Bad Axe Public Schools
957 students
50.9% poor
5555540%0%0%
Sault Ste. Marie Area Schools
2,023 students
55.7% poor
1261341423.7%3.2%2.8%
Thornapple Kellogg School District
3,157 students
33.9% poor
1501601700.6%0.7%0%
Timbuktu Academy*
436 students
100% poor
17141121.4%5.9%100%
Marquette Area Public Schools
3,285 students
29.3% poor
2062062250.5%0%0%
Blue Water Middle College*
391 students
19.2% poor
00190%0%0%
Northview Public Schools
3,327 students
41.9% poor
2392322230.4%0%0%
Ida Public School District
1,442 students
20.6% poor
8074760%0%0%
Breitung Township School District
1,893 students
43.1% poor
1021051130.9%1%1.8%
Gull Lake Community Schools
3,231 students
23.8% poor
1992172240%0%1.3%
Olivet Community Schools
1,413 students
37.1% poor
8183850%0%0%
Pathways Academy*
148 students
98.6% poor
4450%0%100%
Mackinaw City Public Schools
153 students
47.1% poor
1616160%0%0%
Harbor Beach Community Schools
475 students
46.5% poor
3231340%0%0%
Triumph Academy*
728 students
54.9% poor
3942420%0%14.3%
Grand Blanc Community Schools
8,260 students
34.3% poor
4444514860.2%0.2%0.8%
Nottawa Community School
116 students
31.9% poor
11111018.1%0%9.8%
Joseph K. Lumsden Bahweting Anishnabe Academy*
579 students
63% poor
5552581.9%3.6%12.1%
Madison School District (Lenawee)
1,652 students
57.8% poor
991011011%1%0%
Oakland Academy*
165 students
40.6% poor
2218110%0%0%
Grand Rapids Child Discovery Center*
272 students
45.2% poor
1515180%0%0%
Ludington Area School District
2,106 students
52.4% poor
1151201190.8%0.9%0%
Grass Lake Community Schools
1,294 students
28.3% poor
7876800%0%1.3%
Gobles Public School District
772 students
58.3% poor
5256625.3%5.8%3.2%
West Branch-Rose City Area Schools
2,043 students
60.5% poor
1221221290.8%0.8%6.2%
Portland Public Schools
2,119 students
32.7% poor
1191201130%0.8%0%
North Dickinson County Schools
250 students
47.6% poor
16191710.8%18.4%5.8%
Elkton-Pigeon-Bay Port Laker Schools
914 students
51% poor
5354569.3%5.6%5.4%
Cedar Springs Public Schools
3,516 students
41.2% poor
1831961980%0.5%0%
East China School District
4,102 students
32.8% poor
2372372451.3%0.4%0.4%
Universal Academy*
728 students
98.4% poor
43413356.3%35.3%91.1%
Negaunee Public Schools
1,583 students
33.2% poor
10099980%0%0%
South Pointe Scholars Charter Academy*
757 students
51.8% poor
5154543.7%0%16.6%
Concord Academy - Boyne*
158 students
44.3% poor
1618170%0%11.9%
Tawas Area Schools
1,248 students
52.1% poor
6767710%0%0%
Greenville Public Schools
3,729 students
56.7% poor
2122202152.3%2.8%1.9%
NICE Community School District
1,197 students
35.9% poor
8082810%0%0%
West Ottawa Public School District
6,712 students
55% poor
4214194190.5%0.2%0.5%
Chassell Township School District
263 students
35.7% poor
1617195.9%12.5%5.4%
Blissfield Community Schools
1,209 students
36.9% poor
6163720%0%0%
Greater Heights Academy*
262 students
97.3% poor
18182334.1%22.3%22.1%
Byron Area Schools
835 students
37.2% poor
5148440%0%2.3%
Muskegon Montessori Academy for Environmental Change*
148 students
74.3% poor
7890%0%0%
Fraser Public Schools
4,978 students
45.4% poor
2922932920%0%0.3%
Gaylord Community Schools
3,054 students
52.9% poor
1621611680%0.6%0%
DeTour Arts and Technology Academy*
82 students
58.5% poor
612160%0%0%
North Central Area Schools
336 students
56% poor
2425260%0%0%
Woodhaven-Brownstown School District
5,485 students
45.2% poor
3203433250.3%0%0%
Avondale School District
3,779 students
45.1% poor
2132382772.1%1.4%2.2%
Crossroads Charter Academy*
595 students
57.1% poor
4644456.8%2.2%4.4%
Detroit Edison Public School Academy*
1,287 students
66.5% poor
6175594%4.9%17.1%
Lapeer Community Schools
4,942 students
50.4% poor
2832672730%0%0%
Western School District
2,952 students
36.9% poor
1571611600%0%0%
Croswell-Lexington Community Schools
2,148 students
52.4% poor
1151111110%3.5%2.7%
Bath Community Schools
1,155 students
45.7% poor
6063580%0%0%
River Valley School District
578 students
56.9% poor
4648532.1%0%1.9%
Lake Fenton Community Schools
2,078 students
28.9% poor
1041081140%1%0.9%
Hanover-Horton School District
1,135 students
36.7% poor
5455560%0%1.8%
Fenton Area Public Schools
3,448 students
32.6% poor
1911951970%0%0%
Bangor Township S/D #8
21 students
61.9% poor
2220%0%0%
Flushing Community Schools
4,182 students
41.8% poor
2282272250%0%0%
L'Anse Creuse Public Schools
10,392 students
41.9% poor
5555505630.5%0.2%1.2%
Fortis Academy*
745 students
79.1% poor
5146470%2%12.6%
Algonac Community School District
1,475 students
45.8% poor
8580780%0%0%
Tecumseh Public Schools
2,784 students
34.1% poor
1631761700.6%0%0%
Holly Area School District
3,307 students
42% poor
1972002100%0.5%0%
Mona Shores Public School District
3,895 students
48.2% poor
2192202210.5%0%0.5%
Buchanan Community Schools
1,573 students
53.3% poor
961001030%0%0%
Mt. Clemens Montessori Academy*
326 students
37.4% poor
2625214%0%4.7%
North Branch Area Schools
2,353 students
47.4% poor
1331261290%0.8%3.1%
Stockbridge Community Schools
1,249 students
40.8% poor
8292920%1.2%3.3%
Memphis Community Schools
836 students
33.6% poor
5157560%0%0%
Clawson Public Schools
1,556 students
38% poor
1151241180%0.9%0.8%
Martin Public Schools
613 students
54.3% poor
3941402.4%2.5%2.5%
Laingsburg Community Schools
1,125 students
27.4% poor
6059630%3.3%3.2%
Lake Linden-Hubbell School District
409 students
58.4% poor
3735345.7%0%0%
Ionia Public Schools
3,017 students
57.3% poor
1691661590%0%0%
Lakeside Charter School - Kalamazoo*
244 students
99.6% poor
1310190%0%21.6%
Hastings Area School District
2,659 students
48.1% poor
1441491400%0.7%0%
Leland Public School District
522 students
37% poor
3641480%0%0%
Ridge Park Charter Academy*
562 students
84.2% poor
4547420%0%0%
Light of the World Academy*
232 students
15.5% poor
1013170%0%0%
East Arbor Charter Academy*
694 students
53.2% poor
5555571.8%3.7%10.5%
Forest Park School District
440 students
53% poor
2830340%0%0%
Roscommon Area Public Schools
927 students
61.2% poor
6569661.5%0%0%
Kent City Community Schools
1,296 students
60.4% poor
7384870%0%0%
Paragon Charter Academy*
678 students
62.1% poor
4242417.2%7.1%2.4%
Bellaire Public Schools
356 students
44.7% poor
2429290%0%0%
Ubly Community Schools
651 students
45.9% poor
4341402.5%0%2.5%
Lighthouse Connections Academy*
274 students
73% poor
0080%0%0%
Saginaw Township Community Schools
4,803 students
47.9% poor
2722752810.4%0%0.7%
Manistique Area Schools
816 students
56.5% poor
5048524.2%0%3.9%
Reeths-Puffer Schools
3,710 students
45.7% poor
2282302300%0%0.9%
Vista Meadows Academy*
100 students
100% poor
116950%0%78.2%
St. Charles Community Schools
913 students
51.2% poor
4763620%0%0%
Holt Public Schools
5,532 students
43.6% poor
3333293330%0%0%
Taylor Exemplar Academy*
792 students
71% poor
5251573.9%1.9%7%
Dansville Schools
730 students
31.2% poor
4440410%2.3%2.4%
Mt. Pleasant City School District
3,485 students
43.7% poor
2702642680.8%1.1%0%
Clinton Community Schools
1,221 students
35% poor
6561730%0%1.4%
Knapp Charter Academy*
745 students
68.9% poor
4443502.3%0%4%
Hemlock Public School District
1,213 students
32.3% poor
7069674.4%0%4.5%
Kentwood Public Schools
9,284 students
72.7% poor
5045665860%0%0.3%
Iron Mountain Public Schools
883 students
48.9% poor
4546506.5%8.8%6.1%
Central Academy*
605 students
90.4% poor
34353517.1%14.6%20.1%
Leslie Public Schools
1,233 students
51.2% poor
8781810%1.1%0%
Sand Creek Community Schools
842 students
44.9% poor
5058600%0%1.7%
Bangor Township Schools
2,541 students
58.3% poor
1231261290%0%0%
Summerfield Schools
625 students
31.4% poor
3835380%0%0%
Posen Consolidated School District No. 9
213 students
59.6% poor
16141729%19.4%17.9%
Marshall Public Schools
2,793 students
44.6% poor
1771891900%0%0%
Montrose Community Schools
1,472 students
60.3% poor
8182790%1.2%0%
Gladstone Area Schools
1,538 students
40.8% poor
7878830%0%0%
Three Rivers Community Schools
2,564 students
56.4% poor
1521571560.6%1.3%1.3%
Creative Technologies Academy*
318 students
37.7% poor
2222224.6%4.5%4.5%
Durand Area Schools
1,316 students
54.9% poor
8589890%0%0%
Bessemer Area School District
408 students
59.1% poor
26273214.6%3.8%15.8%
Brown City Community Schools
778 students
58.1% poor
4644460%0%0%
Kenowa Hills Public Schools
3,137 students
49.4% poor
1791781890%0.6%0%
Lawton Community School District
978 students
55.7% poor
6263620%0%0%
Concord Academy - Petoskey*
180 students
53.9% poor
15161712.6%0%5.8%
Berrien Springs Public Schools
3,832 students
68.3% poor
1681911850.5%0%0%
Livingston Classical Academy*
210 students
13.8% poor
1016136.3%20.2%7.7%
Beal City Public Schools
684 students
29.4% poor
4041440%0%2.3%
Meridian Public Schools
1,306 students
47.4% poor
8083771.2%0%0%
Clare Public Schools
1,614 students
50.4% poor
9187860%0%1.2%
Garden City Public Schools
3,701 students
60.7% poor
2742863090.3%1.1%3.6%
Four Corners Montessori Academy*
441 students
35.4% poor
2427250%0%8.1%
Richmond Community Schools
1,432 students
33.7% poor
8289860%1.2%0%
Ontonagon Area School District
275 students
52% poor
19181711.3%5.4%18.1%
ICademy Global*
204 students
33.8% poor
1413130%0%0%
Ann Arbor Learning Community*
209 students
77.5% poor
1411100%13.9%0%
Mar Lee School District
303 students
51.5% poor
2120240%0%4.2%
Clio Area School District
2,918 students
53.5% poor
1521521570%0%1.3%
The Greenspire School*
134 students
39.6% poor
6780%0%0%
Glenn Public School District
37 students
51.4% poor
3450%33.6%0%
New Bedford Academy*
105 students
44.8% poor
9960%0%0%
Michigan Connections Academy*
1,722 students
57.3% poor
6872741.4%1.5%2.7%
Cheboygan Area Schools
1,563 students
61.2% poor
9697970%0%1%
Marlette Community Schools
768 students
54.2% poor
4849520%0%0%
Fulton Schools
675 students
53% poor
4948490%0%0%
Allen Park Public Schools
3,829 students
38.2% poor
2022042090.5%0%0%
Laurus Academy*
744 students
73.4% poor
50514711.7%5.9%12.7%
Ithaca Public Schools
1,085 students
44.6% poor
7370790%0%0%
Gladwin Community Schools
1,680 students
57.7% poor
8691870%0%1.1%
Standish-Sterling Community Schools
1,579 students
55.9% poor
7474720%2.7%0%
Brandon School District in the Counties of Oakland and Lapeer
2,380 students
38.3% poor
1571511500%0%0.7%
Essexville-Hampton Public Schools
1,717 students
30.3% poor
8187901.2%1.2%1.1%
Alcona Community Schools
686 students
67.6% poor
3940420%0%9.6%
Menominee Area Public Schools
1,307 students
53.9% poor
8589910%2.4%5.5%
Gibraltar School District
3,678 students
31.2% poor
1911952010.5%0%0%
Lake Shore Public Schools (Macomb)
3,493 students
48% poor
2262152140%0%0.5%
Riverview Community School District
2,873 students
45.3% poor
1381401480%1.5%0.7%
Jefferson Schools (Monroe)
1,593 students
41.2% poor
10097880%0%0%
Windemere Park Charter Academy*
637 students
74.9% poor
4457533.5%4.5%13.1%
Stanton Township Public Schools
172 students
64.5% poor
9990%0%0%
Niles Community Schools
3,654 students
57.9% poor
2162062173.4%0.9%8.7%
Britton Deerfield Schools
533 students
51.4% poor
4437330%0%9.1%
Flex High School of Michigan*
29 students
100% poor
0030%0%0%
Imlay City Community Schools
2,018 students
55.9% poor
1001081130%0%0%
Perry Public Schools
1,092 students
45.6% poor
7464710%0%1.4%
Fruitport Community Schools
2,718 students
55.8% poor
1711671800%0%0%
Holland City School District
3,364 students
64.5% poor
2712632570.8%0.4%0.8%
Pinckney Community Schools
2,602 students
20% poor
1731661670%0.6%1.2%
Fowlerville Community Schools
2,802 students
38.8% poor
1531521660.7%0%0.6%
Au Gres-Sims School District
399 students
62.7% poor
2623260%0%0%
Manton Consolidated Schools
952 students
58.7% poor
6056571.8%0%1.8%
Lakeview Sch. District (Calhoun)
4,075 students
54.9% poor
2282422350%0.4%0.4%
Grand River Academy*
788 students
57.6% poor
5357548.8%3.8%18.4%
Pinconning Area Schools
1,267 students
53.7% poor
7072731.4%1.4%1.4%
Saranac Community Schools
920 students
42.6% poor
5656580%1.8%0%
Onsted Community Schools
1,294 students
37.7% poor
7882770%0%0%
Sodus Township S/D #5
73 students
83.6% poor
8650%0%0%
Mancelona Public Schools
936 students
71.3% poor
5657538.8%3.6%5.7%
Big Rapids Public Schools
2,061 students
51.5% poor
9795980%3.1%1%
Buckley Community Schools
409 students
49.1% poor
27333212.2%3.7%6.3%
Centreville Public Schools
844 students
46.3% poor
4854490%0%2%
Shepherd Public Schools
1,811 students
47.2% poor
1061061090%0%1.8%
Quincy Community Schools
1,215 students
49.9% poor
6567601.5%3.1%1.7%
Bronson Community School District
1,049 students
57.8% poor
5456571.8%1.8%0%
Kingston Community School District
595 students
56.6% poor
3435370%0%5.5%
Eaton Rapids Public Schools
2,296 students
55.3% poor
1421481461.4%0.7%2%
Distinctive College Prep.*
465 students
89.7% poor
016340%0%0%
Bark River-Harris School District
743 students
50.1% poor
3940410%0%0%
Norway-Vulcan Area Schools
686 students
45.9% poor
3536370%0%2.7%
Jackson Preparatory & Early College*
384 students
34.4% poor
1917195.8%0%0%
Detroit Service Learning Academy*
1,350 students
99.5% poor
85746116.2%2.4%76.6%
West Iron County Public Schools
831 students
69.3% poor
5155580%0%0%
Sandusky Community School District
1,017 students
50.6% poor
5861650%0%0%
Paw Paw Public School District
2,155 students
44.6% poor
1261261190.8%0%0%
Tipton Academy*
508 students
69.9% poor
3333380%0%18.7%
Genesee School District
669 students
85.4% poor
3938380%0%2.6%
Hale Area Schools
342 students
74.6% poor
2323234.4%4.4%0%
Constantine Public School District
1,449 students
56.6% poor
7176892.6%0%1.1%
Leelanau Montessori Public School Academy*
64 students
54.7% poor
56717.2%0%14.3%
Unionville-Sebewaing Area S.D.
715 students
42.9% poor
3841460%0%0%
Escanaba Area Public Schools
2,329 students
54.9% poor
1271321360%0%0.7%
Branch Line School*
142 students
43.7% poor
1110140%0%7%
Waterford School District
8,542 students
59.5% poor
6276386620.2%0.6%0%
Alma Public Schools
2,095 students
56.9% poor
1281261350%0.8%0%
Superior Central School District
335 students
59.1% poor
2125280%0%0%
Parchment School District
1,603 students
54.1% poor
9596993.1%0%5%
St. Ignace Area Schools
511 students
53.2% poor
3131299.6%3.2%17.4%
Lamphere Public Schools
2,484 students
50.6% poor
1841851822.2%2.2%1.6%
Swartz Creek Community Schools
3,636 students
53.7% poor
2082122090%0%0.5%
New Paradigm College Prep*
83 students
100% poor
6850%0%0%
Dearborn City School District
20,740 students
75.8% poor
1,3691,5091,5483.6%4.5%6.7%
Chippewa Hills School District
1,959 students
60.3% poor
1051041061%0%0.9%
Ellsworth Community School
256 students
54.3% poor
19171923.1%15.8%10.6%
Eagle's Nest Academy*
187 students
92.5% poor
161890%6.3%66.7%
Crestwood School District
3,966 students
76.4% poor
2172242410%0%0.4%
Benton Harbor Charter School Academy*
520 students
89.4% poor
28292610.3%0%62.3%
Caro Community Schools
1,677 students
58.4% poor
8893931.1%0%0%
Oakland International Academy*
852 students
99.2% poor
6662528.1%1.5%13.5%
New Haven Community Schools
1,260 students
52.1% poor
8074742.7%1.2%1.4%
Montague Area Public Schools
1,514 students
49.7% poor
9089951.1%1.1%3.2%
Metro Charter Academy*
726 students
74.8% poor
5455511.8%3.7%11.7%
Lawrence Public Schools
570 students
64.6% poor
33363611.1%0%5.6%
Bay City School District
7,504 students
52.5% poor
4354354420.5%0.2%0.7%
South Arbor Charter Academy*
796 students
22.5% poor
4353531.9%0%3.7%
Ionia Township S/D #2
11 students
45.5% poor
1110%0%0%
Huron School District
2,581 students
33.9% poor
1571531661.3%0%0%
Creative Montessori Academy*
765 students
59.2% poor
3836402.8%0%2.5%
Warren Consolidated Schools
13,767 students
64.7% poor
8158107841.6%0.5%0.5%
Potterville Public Schools
865 students
44.3% poor
6157530%0%0%
Manchester Community Schools
926 students
22.5% poor
5759580%0%0%
Joy Preparatory Academy*
356 students
99.7% poor
251526108.3%43.2%62.3%
Deckerville Community School District
614 students
65% poor
4042520%0%0%
Onaway Area Community School District
604 students
56.8% poor
3534350%0%8.6%
Rogers City Area Schools
528 students
56.4% poor
3532340%0%0%
Lakeview Community Schools (Montcalm)
1,123 students
54.9% poor
7274722.7%0%0%
Alpena Public Schools
3,753 students
58% poor
2011952003.6%1%1.5%
Wyandotte, School District of the City of
4,792 students
57.9% poor
3213203380%0.3%0.6%
Decatur Public Schools
740 students
67% poor
4949470%0%0%
Benzie County Central Schools
1,414 students
59.5% poor
8488820%0%4.9%
Augusta Academy*
32 students
59.4% poor
4350%0%0%
Corunna Public Schools
1,811 students
53.8% poor
10698990%0.9%2%
Fremont Public School District
2,139 students
52.9% poor
1191151190.9%0%0.8%
Allegan Public Schools
2,423 students
56.5% poor
1501441510%0%0%
Pine River Area Schools
1,070 students
56.7% poor
6262600%0%0%
Airport Community Schools
2,633 students
52.9% poor
1481501490%0.7%0%
Mason County Eastern Schools
437 students
76.7% poor
3228267.2%3.2%3.8%
Warren Woods Public Schools
3,244 students
58.3% poor
2072152221.9%0.5%1.3%
Comstock Park Public Schools
1,890 students
57.5% poor
1231141110.9%0%0%
Breckenridge Community Schools
668 students
54.6% poor
4343422.3%2.3%7.1%
Oakridge Public Schools
2,042 students
63.6% poor
1231211330%0%2.3%
Grant Public School District
1,799 students
57.2% poor
9594945.3%0%3.2%
Akron-Fairgrove Schools
314 students
75.2% poor
2118205.7%0%5%
Millington Community Schools
1,197 students
57.6% poor
6570762.9%1.5%0%
Webberville Community Schools
524 students
54.4% poor
3638342.7%2.8%3%
Camden-Frontier School
504 students
58.7% poor
3231323.2%0%6.3%
Ewen-Trout Creek Consolidated School District
191 students
55.5% poor
16171612%12.2%12.4%
Woodland School*
214 students
15.9% poor
1112120%0%0%
L'Anse Area Schools
605 students
63.1% poor
4744460%0%4.4%
Pellston Public Schools
495 students
69.9% poor
3230360%0%8.4%
Dollar Bay-Tamarack City Area K-12 School
337 students
51.9% poor
2120225.1%9.4%18.5%
St. Louis Public Schools
1,043 students
68.1% poor
6564690%0%0%
Whitmore Lake Public School District
749 students
42.1% poor
6363550%0%0%
Harper Creek Community Schools
2,828 students
41% poor
1621661670.6%1.9%2.4%
Munising Public Schools
657 students
54.5% poor
3841400%0%0%
Reese Public Schools
805 students
51.1% poor
4645440%0%4.6%
Coldwater Community Schools
2,799 students
59.6% poor
1401471530.7%0%0%
Tahquamenon Area Schools
599 students
59.9% poor
38413912.3%13.2%12.7%
Brimley Area Schools
536 students
59.1% poor
34354014.4%5.9%5%
Ironwood Area Schools of Gogebic County
765 students
56.9% poor
5254543.7%3.9%9.3%
Vista Charter Academy*
702 students
93.7% poor
5350550%0%5.5%
Excelsior Township S/D #1
50 students
66% poor
4330%0%0%
Bear Lake Schools
284 students
64.4% poor
1514147.2%6.8%0%
Farwell Area Schools
1,158 students
61.2% poor
7164650%0%3.1%
Capac Community Schools
889 students
51.9% poor
5951680%0%0%
Manistee Area Public Schools
1,399 students
54% poor
8073790%0%0%
Canton Charter Academy*
749 students
18.8% poor
3941422.4%0%9.6%
Morenci Area Schools
650 students
62.5% poor
4547464.3%0%4.3%
Northwest Community Schools
3,558 students
62.3% poor
1831912000.5%0.5%2.5%
Holton Public Schools
837 students
70.6% poor
4848492.1%4.1%8.2%
Tri County Area Schools
1,906 students
58.6% poor
1101101100%0%0%
Cross Creek Charter Academy*
781 students
32.5% poor
4847430%2.1%2.3%
Union City Community Schools
1,040 students
56.9% poor
6863610%0%1.6%
Ravenna Public Schools
1,048 students
49.3% poor
6565650%0%0%
South Haven Public Schools
1,987 students
61.3% poor
1391211150.8%0%0.9%
DeTour Area Schools
96 students
53.1% poor
121090%0%0%
Hanley International Academy*
647 students
94.6% poor
4040420%0%7.2%
Huron Academy*
620 students
61% poor
3942459.6%2.6%6.7%
Great Oaks Academy*
734 students
93.2% poor
4650476%2.2%12.8%
Suttons Bay Public Schools
612 students
57.2% poor
30293717.4%6.8%5.3%
Adams Township School District
480 students
51.5% poor
2728290%3.7%0%
Godwin Heights Public Schools
2,076 students
89.4% poor
1471431330%0.7%0%
Waverly Community Schools
3,009 students
62.3% poor
1701891921.1%1.2%0%
AuTrain-Onota Public Schools
38 students
63.2% poor
5550%20.8%0%
Ferndale Public Schools
3,099 students
60.7% poor
1841781800.6%0%0.6%
East Jordan Public Schools
861 students
53.3% poor
4951520%0%0%
Clarenceville School District
1,858 students
63.7% poor
1131141241.8%0%0%
Maple Valley Schools
987 students
53.5% poor
6363640%0%0%
Southgate Community School District
3,526 students
51.7% poor
2562582461.9%2.7%2%
Kearsley Community School District
2,898 students
70.2% poor
1611661700%0%0%
University Preparatory Science and Math (PSAD)*
1,479 students
69.2% poor
1011031046.8%1%9.6%
Michigan Center School District
1,400 students
50.6% poor
8480791.3%0%1.3%
Oscoda Area Schools
1,146 students
70% poor
7173810%0%1.2%
Newaygo Public School District
1,562 students
65.9% poor
8087800%0%0%
North Star Academy*
267 students
58.4% poor
2525230%0%8.9%
Colon Community School District
550 students
54.7% poor
3841402.5%0%5.1%
Vassar Public Schools
1,088 students
71.2% poor
6360623.3%1.6%1.6%
Delton Kellogg Schools
1,246 students
54% poor
6663650%0%0%
Adrian Public Schools
2,837 students
63.6% poor
1791751761.1%0%0.6%
Rudyard Area Schools
614 students
71.5% poor
4043410%4.9%2.4%
Kalamazoo Public Schools
12,777 students
71.2% poor
8088248160.8%0.7%1%
Mesick Consolidated Schools
654 students
70.5% poor
3836390%0%0%
Marcellus Community Schools
705 students
64.8% poor
3939422.5%0%0%
Morrice Area Schools
511 students
48.7% poor
3932366.3%0%0%
Concord Community Schools
667 students
58.8% poor
4245420%0%0%
The James and Grace Lee Boggs School*
137 students
75.2% poor
4670%0%61.5%
Houghton Lake Community Schools
1,249 students
76.8% poor
971081030.9%0%1.9%
Engadine Consolidated Schools
359 students
69.9% poor
19252220%10.4%9%
Landmark Academy*
775 students
67.7% poor
56576017.6%9%11.6%
Boyne Falls Public School District
196 students
65.3% poor
1616170%0%0%
Reach Charter Academy*
652 students
91.3% poor
5958491.7%0%6.1%
Sturgis Public Schools
3,255 students
60.2% poor
1811831862.7%1.1%0%
Mendon Community School District
510 students
52.5% poor
3637340%2.8%5.8%
Vestaburg Community Schools
717 students
57.2% poor
4146480%0%2.1%
Jonesville Community Schools
1,446 students
52.6% poor
8484830%0%4.8%
Pennfield Schools
2,083 students
50.1% poor
1321261290%0%0%
Easton Township S/D #6
24 students
29.2% poor
2240%0%0%
Mio-AuSable Schools
533 students
73.4% poor
3431346.4%2.9%5.9%
Cassopolis Public Schools
957 students
60.7% poor
5453507.6%11.1%6.1%
Addison Community Schools
830 students
55.8% poor
4547502.1%2.2%2%
Coleman Community Schools
675 students
63.6% poor
4239432.6%0%0%
North Huron School District
367 students
53.1% poor
3128250%0%0%
White Pigeon Community Schools
755 students
58.4% poor
4650520%0%1.9%
Galesburg-Augusta Community Schools
1,036 students
56.8% poor
6462770%3.1%0%
Reed City Area Public Schools
1,494 students
53.2% poor
9695880%1%0%
Flat Rock Community Schools
2,044 students
43.4% poor
1011061140%0%0%
Eagle Crest Charter Academy*
723 students
50.5% poor
5148480%2%0%
Northridge Academy*
198 students
100% poor
2726177.8%0%6%
Wyoming Public Schools
4,152 students
80.6% poor
2472492460%0.8%0.4%
Hart Public School District
1,353 students
71.7% poor
8286830%0%1.2%
Carsonville-Port Sanilac School District
348 students
61.5% poor
2324234.2%0%0%
Forest Area Community Schools
518 students
73.9% poor
3837322.7%5.2%0%
Harrison Community Schools
1,418 students
78.1% poor
7678790%1.3%2.5%
Athens Area Schools
552 students
46% poor
3740400%0%0%
Detroit Public Safety Academy*
286 students
95.1% poor
12102078.4%41%60%
Kalkaska Public Schools
1,472 students
65.1% poor
100981031%1%2.9%
Springport Public Schools
984 students
61.7% poor
6059610%0%0%
Belding Area School District
1,777 students
56.7% poor
102100980%0%0%
Monroe Public Schools
5,232 students
60.7% poor
3022913021.7%0.7%1.3%
Baraga Area Schools
348 students
56% poor
3128337.2%0%3.1%
Morley Stanwood Community Schools
1,163 students
68.5% poor
6272661.4%0%0%
Peck Community School District
349 students
60.5% poor
1920170%0%11.5%
Beaverton Rural Schools
991 students
53.3% poor
6564630%0%0%
Northport Public School District
141 students
65.2% poor
1922244.6%16%8.5%
Marshall Academy*
272 students
57.7% poor
2225194.1%18.5%10.7%
Ishpeming Public School District No. 1
760 students
54.9% poor
4950540%0%1.9%
Madison District Public Schools
1,509 students
69.6% poor
9593860%0%0%
Brandywine Community Schools
1,334 students
63% poor
7780830%1.3%0%
Watervliet School District
1,502 students
63.9% poor
8683830%0%0%
Noor International Academy*
154 students
66.2% poor
1517115.8%0%18.2%
Mayville Community School District
596 students
73.5% poor
3632323.2%2.8%0%
Montabella Community Schools
765 students
59.7% poor
6460540%1.6%0%
Coloma Community Schools
1,341 students
73.9% poor
8893880%0%3.4%
South Lake Schools
1,619 students
66.8% poor
1081111150.9%1.8%2.6%
Gwinn Area Community Schools
1,071 students
69% poor
7572721.4%2.7%0%
Kaleva Norman Dickson School District
516 students
75.8% poor
2728313.5%7.3%3.2%
Carson City-Crystal Area Schools
941 students
57.9% poor
5553540%0%1.9%
Wakefield-Marenisco School District
286 students
55.2% poor
2021210%5.1%4.7%
Warrendale Charter Academy*
753 students
98.3% poor
5155505.5%5.9%10.1%
Detroit Enterprise Academy*
738 students
96.1% poor
4346556.6%6.9%10.9%
LakeVille Community School District
1,149 students
58.2% poor
7171791.4%0%0%
Cornerstone Jefferson-Douglass Academy*
635 students
87.2% poor
018160%0%0%
Madison Academy*
414 students
86% poor
7172776.9%2.8%3.9%
Mason County Central Schools
1,327 students
61.8% poor
6166670%1.6%0%
Dryden Community Schools
454 students
41% poor
3232290%0%0%
Hudson Area Schools
1,133 students
62.3% poor
5658591.7%3.6%0%
Owosso Public Schools
3,114 students
60.5% poor
1701791720%0.6%0.6%
Southfield Public School District
5,768 students
56.4% poor
4354304440.5%0%0%
Michigan Virtual Charter Academy*
2,919 students
79.1% poor
1581491730.7%0%0%
Carrollton Public Schools
1,835 students
78.6% poor
1501551636.5%6.7%6.8%
Comstock Public Schools
1,780 students
69% poor
1221221360.8%0%0%
Pickford Public Schools
409 students
42.3% poor
3024260%0%0%
Port Huron Area School District
8,194 students
55.7% poor
5365305330.6%0.2%0.2%
Wolverine Community School District
272 students
80.5% poor
18161812.5%0%0%
Merrill Community Schools
581 students
57% poor
3740360%0%2.8%
George Crockett Academy*
411 students
100% poor
26212437.9%11.6%54.4%
Climax-Scotts Community Schools
500 students
53.2% poor
3537360%0%0%
Carman-Ainsworth Community Schools
4,708 students
81.7% poor
2512592810.4%0.4%0.7%
Carney-Nadeau Public Schools
287 students
64.1% poor
22232013.1%8.9%14.8%
Ojibwe Charter School*
100 students
82% poor
14151319.5%14.3%52.2%
Hillsdale Community Schools
1,353 students
58.9% poor
7986810%0%1.2%
Central Montcalm Public Schools
1,513 students
67.3% poor
10199981%0%1%
Lake City Area School District
1,166 students
65.7% poor
6967691.5%0%2.9%
Lincoln Consolidated School District
3,691 students
46.7% poor
2212342410%0.9%0%
Whittemore-Prescott Area Schools
747 students
85.7% poor
4948482.1%6.1%2.1%
Pembroke Academy*
244 students
93% poor
00240%0%0%
Atlanta Community Schools
239 students
65.7% poor
1615160%0%0%
Forest Academy*
167 students
73.7% poor
2117150%0%0%
David Ellis Academy West*
743 students
69.2% poor
5048458.4%2%15.5%
AGBU Alex-Marie Manoogian School*
399 students
55.4% poor
2828287.2%7.2%7.2%
Saginaw Learn to Earn Academy*
140 students
98.6% poor
86850%13.3%50%
Saginaw, School District of the City of
5,452 students
80.5% poor
3743753741.6%0%5.1%
Bois Blanc Pines School District
2 students
50% poor
1110%0%0%
Holly Academy*
645 students
20.5% poor
5249500%0%0%
Moran Township School District
86 students
60.5% poor
5770%0%0%
Voyageur Academy*
1,149 students
95.7% poor
5367597.4%22.7%49.2%
Island City Academy*
204 students
27.9% poor
1413148%0%14%
American Montessori Academy*
486 students
65.4% poor
32313013.1%9.3%6.8%
Tekonsha Community Schools
243 students
61.3% poor
1615170%0%0%
Academy for Business and Technology*
519 students
88.8% poor
46393746.5%8.7%48.5%
White Pine Academy*
75 students
50.7% poor
71170%0%14.3%
Uplift Michigan Academy*
123 students
48.8% poor
00560%0%0%
Highland Park Public School Academy System*
372 students
93.8% poor
26162798.2%11.5%48%
Roseville Community Schools
4,631 students
61.7% poor
2892862770%0%0.4%
Fennville Public Schools
1,305 students
73.1% poor
8481850%0%0%
Center Line Public Schools
2,553 students
74.3% poor
1511691740%0%0%
Van Buren Public Schools
4,603 students
57.6% poor
2822922920%0%0.7%
Baldwin Community Schools
515 students
95.3% poor
4140465%2.4%4.4%
Melvindale-North Allen Park Schools
3,135 students
86.7% poor
1511481771.4%2.7%0.6%
Fitzgerald Public Schools
2,546 students
69% poor
1591761920.6%1.3%1%
Republic-Michigamme Schools
110 students
60.9% poor
1413120%0%0%
Caniff Liberty Academy*
481 students
99% poor
3030293.3%0%10.3%
Walton Charter Academy*
815 students
93.6% poor
5254511.9%1.9%3.9%
Three Lakes Academy*
116 students
72.4% poor
12121326%24.5%47.8%
Shelby Public Schools
1,265 students
71.7% poor
7773781.4%1.3%3.8%
Universal Learning Academy*
615 students
82.6% poor
47424051.8%40.1%47.2%
Mildred C. Wells Preparatory Academy*
195 students
100% poor
1213130%8.3%45.8%
Burt Township School District
33 students
72.7% poor
76616.8%0%15.7%
Cole Academy*
252 students
52.8% poor
1110150%0%0%
Evart Public Schools
898 students
71.9% poor
4849514.1%4.2%2%
Ashley Community Schools
259 students
71.4% poor
2320230%0%8.7%
Covert Public Schools
366 students
99.2% poor
1722220%0%0%
Prevail Academy*
589 students
89.1% poor
4449450%0%2.2%
South Redford School District
3,238 students
67.2% poor
17917818923%18.5%13.3%
Walden Green Montessori*
245 students
38.8% poor
1414160%0%12.6%
Dowagiac Union School District
2,188 students
74.5% poor
1311341370%0%0.7%
Vandercook Lake Public Schools
958 students
77.1% poor
7173630%0%0%
Dearborn Heights School District #7
2,507 students
76.7% poor
1391531500.7%0%0.7%
Hillman Community Schools
411 students
67.4% poor
30272918.7%0%10.5%
Hagar Township S/D #6
81 students
81.5% poor
6560%0%0%
Bloomingdale Public School District
1,164 students
81% poor
7269700%0%1.4%
Endeavor Charter Academy*
679 students
84.2% poor
3947452.1%0%6.7%
Rapid River Public Schools
328 students
46.3% poor
1919200%0%0%
Homer Community School District
1,025 students
54.5% poor
6564610%0%1.6%
East Shore Leadership Academy*
205 students
94.1% poor
1519170%0%0%
White Cloud Public Schools
957 students
75.5% poor
5353521.9%0%0%
Arbor Academy*
214 students
86.4% poor
2220130%0%0%
Hartford Public Schools
1,365 students
84.5% poor
7575831.3%1.3%1.2%
University Preparatory Academy (PSAD)*
1,940 students
82.8% poor
1441531596.5%4.2%11.9%
Bellevue Community Schools
600 students
62.5% poor
3637460%0%2.2%
Charlton Heston Academy*
685 students
78.5% poor
43384523.6%11.6%44.4%
Burr Oak Community School District
287 students
73.9% poor
19201810.1%5.1%5.5%
Central Lake Public Schools
291 students
71.1% poor
24201915.3%8.5%0%
Inland Lakes Schools
689 students
59.1% poor
4342410%0%0%
Reading Community Schools
733 students
55.7% poor
4640420%0%0%
Macomb Montessori Academy*
201 students
86.6% poor
1112150%9.1%39.7%
Gateway To Success Academy*
122 students
82.8% poor
156716.7%0%13.5%
Grand Rapids Public Schools
16,006 students
73.7% poor
1,2141,2131,1472.8%2.5%2.7%
Michigan Online School*
431 students
69.1% poor
00280%0%0%
Lansing Charter Academy*
546 students
89.9% poor
6159525.1%3.3%17.4%
Clintondale Community Schools
2,725 students
79.5% poor
1361441250.7%2.2%2.4%
Romulus Community Schools
2,577 students
75.7% poor
1801861810%1.7%2.2%
Orchard View Schools
2,268 students
75.5% poor
1561621440%0%0%
Bendle Public Schools
1,185 students
96.8% poor
6871811.4%0%0%
GEE Edmonson Academy*
232 students
100% poor
18171312.1%17.1%38.5%
River City Scholars Charter Academy*
477 students
92.9% poor
5048410%2%4.8%
Michigan Great Lakes Virtual Academy*
2,857 students
77.4% poor
1161351661.5%0%0%
American International Academy*
709 students
90.4% poor
2522168.9%0%38%
Paramount Charter Academy*
451 students
92.7% poor
3442434.7%11.8%13.9%
West MI Academy of Environmental Science*
822 students
60.6% poor
5758500%0%0%
Lincoln Park, School District of the City of
4,804 students
72.7% poor
3123333460%0%0.6%
Hesperia Community Schools
899 students
72.6% poor
5756583.6%0%1.7%
Bentley Community School District
836 students
67.9% poor
4646602.2%0%1.7%
Charyl Stockwell Academy*
1,118 students
16.2% poor
6466653%1.6%6.2%
University Yes Academy*
554 students
79.4% poor
2231229.8%0%0%
Bridge Academy*
773 students
99.5% poor
42454311.1%4.8%37.2%
Jackson Public Schools
4,770 students
71% poor
3112922671%1%1.9%
Detroit Community Schools*
672 students
99.9% poor
52433623.1%11.5%36.3%
Rutherford Winans Academy*
179 students
93.3% poor
1111919%9.1%0%
Renaissance Public School Academy*
431 students
58.5% poor
2726297.8%0%3.4%
Taylor School District
6,217 students
62.3% poor
4364344321.4%2.1%2.5%
Dr. Joseph F. Pollack Academic Center of Excellence*
835 students
82.2% poor
4551513.9%4.4%5.9%
Marion Public Schools
421 students
66.3% poor
3230263.4%0%3.9%
International Academy of Saginaw*
194 students
74.7% poor
22151520%23.3%34.5%
Madison-Carver Academy*
686 students
90.7% poor
3237310%3.1%0%
Kensington Woods Schools*
128 students
25.8% poor
1716136.2%6%0%
Washington-Parks Academy*
1,624 students
90.2% poor
8483650%0%0%
Trillium Academy*
594 students
71.2% poor
5450444%1.8%13.6%
The New Standard Academy*
581 students
96% poor
4137350%2.5%2.9%
Innocademy Allegan Campus*
113 students
77.9% poor
981112.2%0%0%
Wayne-Westland Community School District
10,898 students
53.2% poor
7987937780.1%0.3%0%
North Adams-Jerome Public Schools
283 students
76.3% poor
1920190%0%0%
Alanson Public Schools
219 students
63.9% poor
1816186.3%5.6%5.6%
Will Carleton Charter School Academy*
251 students
26.7% poor
23231826%4.3%34.1%
Watersmeet Township School District
134 students
78.4% poor
1718185.6%5.9%5.7%
Pittsford Area Schools
453 students
60.5% poor
2928280%0%3.6%
Ypsilanti Community Schools
3,840 students
65.3% poor
3333302980.9%0%1.3%
Bangor Public Schools (Van Buren)
1,118 students
76.1% poor
7176770%0%2.6%
Escuela Avancemos*
301 students
98.3% poor
1717205.9%0%15.4%
Star International Academy*
1,562 students
93.5% poor
98908629.8%14.3%33.9%
Godfrey-Lee Public Schools
1,840 students
95.4% poor
1271281180.8%0%0.8%
Waterford Montessori Academy*
309 students
31.1% poor
13141936.3%0%32.3%
Faxon Language Immersion Academy*
67 students
43.3% poor
115588.9%9.1%0%
Quest Charter Academy*
769 students
75.4% poor
5853551.9%1.7%12.7%
Francis Reh PSA*
455 students
97.8% poor
28222927.8%0%31.1%
Atherton Community Schools
852 students
81.9% poor
4550520%4.5%0%
Caseville Public Schools
268 students
70.1% poor
22202110.1%4.6%0%
Owendale-Gagetown Area School District
148 students
65.5% poor
1110100%0%0%
Harper Woods, The School District of the City of
2,349 students
76.1% poor
981091330.9%0%5.3%
Kelloggsville Public Schools
2,418 students
87.9% poor
1431481670%0%0%
Advanced Technology Academy*
1,296 students
92.7% poor
10491902.2%2.9%5.6%
Global Heights Academy*
261 students
100% poor
2024190%0%5.3%
Eau Claire Public Schools
754 students
90.6% poor
6165501.5%0%0%
Lansing Public School District
10,652 students
71.5% poor
7977747622.7%2.1%4.6%
Battle Creek Montessori Academy*
180 students
72.2% poor
98912.5%11.1%10.7%
Evergreen Academy*
54 students
68.5% poor
101080%0%0%
Hamtramck, School District of the City of
3,300 students
94.4% poor
1861962211%0%0.5%
Southwest Detroit Community School*
386 students
93.8% poor
23313112.9%13%6.5%
Walkerville Public Schools
263 students
82.9% poor
2221220%0%4.5%
Great Lakes Cyber Academy*
1,061 students
58.2% poor
3037435.4%3.3%0%
Sarah J. Webber Media Arts Academy*
219 students
88.6% poor
10970%0%30.8%
Hope of Detroit Academy*
957 students
95.8% poor
49586312.1%6.1%30.4%
Henry Ford Academy: School for Creative Studies (PSAD)*
1,286 students
82.3% poor
9087923.4%1.1%8.7%
Highpoint Virtual Academy of Michigan*
837 students
74.7% poor
924344.1%0%0%
Van Dyke Public Schools
2,355 students
88.3% poor
1721731601.7%0%0.6%
Summit Academy North*
1,842 students
66.3% poor
1041011014%2.9%4%
Mt. Morris Consolidated Schools
1,827 students
82.7% poor
1331271390%0%0.7%
St. Clair County Intervention Academy*
55 students
100% poor
6650%0%0%
Global Tech Academy*
181 students
94.5% poor
1412130%7.4%0%
East Jackson Community Schools
940 students
64.7% poor
5659573.4%1.8%3.5%
Nah Tah Wahsh Public School Academy*
186 students
88.2% poor
2423268.7%4.2%11.5%
Hillsdale Preparatory School*
132 students
50% poor
1313107.7%0%30%
Dove Academy of Detroit*
469 students
88.1% poor
3033353.1%3.4%16.9%
Muskegon, Public Schools of the City of
3,589 students
87.6% poor
2632732723.3%4.2%4.4%
WAY Michigan*
195 students
80% poor
59100%0%0%
The Woodley Leadership Academy*
182 students
90.7% poor
00100%0%0%
LifeTech Academy*
161 students
51.6% poor
5770%0%28.8%
Momentum Academy*
216 students
89.4% poor
1311229.5%8%4.5%
Eastpointe Community Schools
2,691 students
79% poor
2352172083.7%0%7.2%
Hazel Park, School District of the City of
3,271 students
66.4% poor
2202542210%0%0.5%
New Branches Charter Academy*
350 students
82.6% poor
2322234.5%0%0%
George Washington Carver Academy*
537 students
99.6% poor
32253316%0%27.5%
Chandler Park Academy*
2,199 students
92.4% poor
12411811810.2%4%16.9%
Westwood Heights Schools
1,510 students
92.2% poor
7383810%0%3.7%
Litchfield Community Schools
256 students
71.1% poor
1618160%6.3%0%
Flat River Academy*
146 students
78.8% poor
14111826.4%7.1%27.4%
West Village Academy*
353 students
70.8% poor
27283210.7%11.1%18.8%
Redford Union Schools, District No. 1
2,392 students
76.3% poor
1842122092.4%1.6%3.4%
Bridgeport-Spaulding Community School District
1,565 students
84.2% poor
9189882.2%2.2%1.1%
Whitefish Township Schools
47 students
63.8% poor
8980%0%0%
Da Vinci Institute*
446 students
74.7% poor
3229260%3.2%3.8%
Detroit Achievement Academy*
286 students
73.4% poor
917210%0%0%
GEE White Academy*
374 students
99.7% poor
31302613.5%6.6%26.7%
Battle Creek Public Schools
3,911 students
83.7% poor
3113073132%1%7%
Mount Clemens Community School District
1,041 students
79.7% poor
7371740%0%0%
Countryside Academy*
756 students
88% poor
4540462.5%2.2%13.2%
Crescent Academy*
962 students
88.9% poor
72645717.2%16.7%26.2%
Woodland Park Academy*
386 students
80.6% poor
3233340%3.1%6%
Timberland Academy*
729 students
96.7% poor
5057578.7%0%1.8%
Hope Academy*
534 students
87.6% poor
2830310%0%12.9%
Pontiac City School District
4,180 students
79.6% poor
2862682590.4%0.4%0%
David Ellis Academy*
304 students
92.8% poor
2723224.3%3.7%9.2%
Oak Park, School District of the City of
4,368 students
81.4% poor
2632792861.1%0%2.1%
Legacy Charter Academy*
747 students
97.9% poor
5652541.9%3.6%26.1%
River Rouge, School District of the City of
2,279 students
79.4% poor
9910111411.8%6.1%9.6%
Weston Preparatory Academy*
297 students
90.6% poor
20161618.8%4.9%25%
MacDowell Preparatory Academy*
366 students
98.6% poor
16202314.7%24.9%13.2%
Richfield Public School Academy*
670 students
95.7% poor
5753481.9%1.8%0%
Three Oaks Public School Academy*
350 students
100% poor
2427240%4.1%24.5%
Detroit Academy of Arts and Sciences*
1,045 students
93.3% poor
3737420%10.8%0%
Beecher Community School District
755 students
93% poor
5352491.9%1.9%8.2%
Vanderbilt Area Schools
80 students
81.3% poor
12101410.4%17.2%0%
Genesee STEM Academy*
308 students
94.5% poor
16191621.1%0%0%
Global Preparatory Academy*
107 students
84.1% poor
1011100%0%0%
Summit Academy*
261 students
73.2% poor
2527203.6%0%0%
Detroit Premier Academy*
770 students
95.7% poor
59625012.9%3.4%23.9%
Martin Luther King, Jr. Education Center Academy*
397 students
85.6% poor
24222113.6%16.7%23.8%
Commonwealth Community Development Academy*
193 students
91.2% poor
97100%0%0%
Pontiac Academy for Excellence*
774 students
75.3% poor
7774555.4%6.5%5.5%
Marvin L. Winans Academy of Performing Arts*
520 students
93.5% poor
2933226%6.9%9.2%
Ecorse Public Schools
1,055 students
81.7% poor
6859710%0%4.2%
Detroit Public Schools Community District
50,176 students
85.9% poor
3,0223,4393,5071.6%0.6%2.6%
Cesar Chavez Academy*
2,291 students
97.5% poor
14915015712.6%8%23.5%
Saginaw Preparatory Academy*
308 students
97.1% poor
27192315.7%0%8.6%
Pansophia Academy*
419 students
81.6% poor
2628270%3.8%7.3%
Bay City Academy*
365 students
76.2% poor
34302623.4%14.7%23.1%
Frontier International Academy*
640 students
98.9% poor
2729356.8%3.8%23%
Hamilton Academy*
207 students
89.9% poor
2022170%5.1%0%
Bradford Academy*
1,416 students
83.2% poor
991051045.7%4%5.8%
Plymouth Educational Center Charter School*
507 students
84.2% poor
33322115.9%9.1%9.5%
Arts and Technology Academy of Pontiac*
843 students
76.6% poor
35362219.4%20%22.7%
Burton Glen Charter Academy*
599 students
97.2% poor
5250412%0%9.6%
Flextech High School Shepherd*
35 students
60% poor
0040%0%0%
Conner Creek Academy East*
932 students
92.8% poor
5656559%3.5%14.4%
Westwood Community School District
1,661 students
84.9% poor
1241191150%0%0%
Michigan International Prep School*
449 students
67% poor
0390%0%0%
W-A-Y Academy*
352 students
93.2% poor
2617140%0%0%
WAY Academy - Flint*
132 students
92.4% poor
171170%0%0%
Great Lakes Academy*
151 students
91.4% poor
13141114.3%7.7%9.5%
State Street Academy*
120 students
82.5% poor
171497.1%0%22.2%
Hope Academy of West Michigan*
371 students
92.5% poor
2634343%0%5.8%
Michigan Mathematics and Science Academy*
817 students
99.8% poor
40515819.6%10%22.2%
Mid-Michigan Leadership Academy*
238 students
98.7% poor
29262111.5%10.3%14.3%
Alba Public Schools
123 students
81.3% poor
1411120%0%0%
Detroit Merit Charter Academy*
737 students
92.3% poor
5157558.8%3.9%21.9%
Clara B. Ford Academy (SDA)*
131 students
99.2% poor
15151713.7%0%6%
William C. Abney Academy*
352 students
97.2% poor
4132340%2.4%0%
Flint, School District of the City of
4,245 students
90.4% poor
3553012750%0%8%
Insight School of Michigan*
769 students
74% poor
4138410%0%4.9%
Academy of Warren*
678 students
95.7% poor
46354020%15.2%17.5%
Lighthouse Academy*
353 students
95.2% poor
2939430%20.8%16.3%
Oakside Scholars Charter Academy*
739 students
92.8% poor
5356503.6%0%21.8%
Macomb Academy*
74 students
27% poor
9850%0%0%
Grand Blanc Academy*
384 students
88% poor
3231286.4%3.1%21.4%
Regent Park Scholars Charter Academy*
749 students
98.1% poor
5655571.8%3.6%21%
Presque Isle Academy*
18 students
100% poor
2210%0%0%
Old Mission Peninsula School*
134 students
19.4% poor
00140%0%0%
Elm River Township School District
4 students
100% poor
1110%0%0%
Kalamazoo Covenant Academy*
184 students
99.5% poor
01070%0%0%
Muskegon Covenant Academy*
235 students
99.1% poor
8770%0%0%
Capstone Academy Charter School (SDA)*
185 students
98.9% poor
8860%0%15.5%
New Paradigm Glazer-Loving Academy*
341 students
99.4% poor
1819140%0%20.8%
Covenant House Academy Detroit*
501 students
96.2% poor
3125250%0%12%
Alternative Educational Academy of Ogemaw County*
118 students
92.4% poor
4440%0%0%
Covenant House Academy Grand Rapids*
306 students
90.8% poor
1315206.7%7.7%0%
Casman Alternative Academy*
75 students
90.7% poor
55820%19.8%12.2%
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz Academy*
260 students
100% poor
12141021.4%0%0%
Cornerstone Health and Technology School*
556 students
88.8% poor
2835280%0%3.6%
Life Skills Center of Pontiac*
122 students
87.7% poor
6630%18.2%0%
Alternative Educational Academy of Iosco County*
156 students
84.6% poor
4770%0%0%
WSC Academy*
62 students
83.9% poor
45420.8%0%0%
Battle Creek Area Learning Center*
167 students
83.8% poor
89110%0%0%
Church School District
22 students
81.8% poor
1210%0%0%
Blended Learning Academies Credit Recovery High School*
100 students
80% poor
4450%0%0%
Academic and Career Education Academy*
108 students
78.7% poor
6670%0%15.4%
Big Jackson School District
25 students
76% poor
1220%0%0%
Berlin Township S/D #3
8 students
75% poor
1110%0%0%
Windover High School*
184 students
73.9% poor
4750%0%0%
Bay-Arenac Community High School*
172 students
72.7% poor
7680%0%12.5%
Success Virtual Learning Centers of Michigan*
1,237 students
72.4% poor
013210%0%0%
Wells Township School District
10 students
70% poor
2340%0%0%
Arvon Township School District
10 students
70% poor
2220%0%0%
Youth Advancement Academy*
19 students
68.4% poor
5420%0%0%
Jalen Rose Leadership Academy*
413 students
90.3% poor
23242620.4%12.8%15.4%
Taylor Preparatory High School*
433 students
64.9% poor
2326297.7%0%3.5%
Virtual Learning Academy of St. Clair County*
132 students
63.6% poor
9970%0%0%
Relevant Academy of Eaton County*
69 students
62.3% poor
5560%0%0%
Grand River Preparatory High School*
625 students
60.2% poor
3942440%0%0%
Wellspring Preparatory High School*
430 students
59.8% poor
2933400%0%0%
Arts Academy in the Woods*
352 students
56.5% poor
2328290%0%3.5%
Henry Ford Academy*
515 students
54.2% poor
2828320%0%3.2%
Lake Superior Academy*
66 students
51.5% poor
1220%0%0%
NexTech High School*
133 students
66.2% poor
9171635.9%0%6.3%
Arbor Preparatory High School*
313 students
45.4% poor
2731276.6%0%0%
Oneida Township S/D #3
24 students
37.5% poor
2220%0%0%
NexTech High School of Lansing*
169 students
46.7% poor
12111027.9%8.3%9.9%
FlexTech High School*
238 students
35.3% poor
17181711.3%5.9%0%
Sigel Township S/D #3F
20 students
30% poor
2220%0%0%
Canton Preparatory High School*
402 students
29.4% poor
3131330%0%0%
Washtenaw Technical Middle College*
754 students
27.5% poor
2020230%0%0%
West Michigan Aviation Academy*
611 students
26.5% poor
3742392.4%5.4%17.8%
FlexTech High School - Novi*
186 students
31.2% poor
7790%0%0%
Mackinac Island Public Schools
67 students
14.9% poor
1010100%0%0%
Grant Township S/D #2
4 students
0% poor
1110%0%0%
Charlevoix Montessori Academy for the Arts*
42 students
76.2% poor
561033.1%0%20.7%
Innocademy*
340 students
30.3% poor
21203035.2%19.3%20.1%
New School High*
82 students
12.2% poor
712100%0%10.2%
Alpena-Montmorency-Alcona ESD - District created from ISD
218 students
77.5% poor
1922250%0%0%
Barry ISD - District created from ISD
170 students
58.2% poor
2925250%0%0%
Bay-Arenac ISD - District created from ISD
851 students
61.6% poor
1501481530.7%0%0%
Charlevoix-Emmet ISD - District created from ISD
392 students
42.9% poor
6263640%0%0%
Eastern Upper Peninsula ISD - District created from ISD
189 students
50.8% poor
4847450%2.1%0%
Dickinson-Iron ISD - District created from ISD
210 students
65.7% poor
3736352.8%0%0%
Eaton RESA - District created from ISD
359 students
72.7% poor
92109940%1.1%0%
Traverse Bay Area ISD - District created from ISD
1,077 students
58.4% poor
2762762780%0%0%
Gratiot-Isabella RESD - District created from ISD
221 students
74.2% poor
7875761.3%1.3%0%
Hillsdale ISD - District created from ISD
374 students
69.5% poor
4445462.2%0%0%
Copper Country ISD - District created from ISD
248 students
74.2% poor
38404112.5%7.9%12.3%
Huron ISD - District created from ISD
204 students
59.8% poor
5051520%0%0%
Ionia ISD - District created from ISD
490 students
49.4% poor
1251121160%0%0%
Iosco RESA - District created from ISD
232 students
71.6% poor
2219230%0%0%
Lewis Cass ISD - District created from ISD
284 students
64.4% poor
4744384.5%0%7.8%
Kalamazoo RESA - District created from ISD
2,084 students
52.3% poor
1621771677.9%5.6%6.6%
Sanilac ISD - District created from ISD
317 students
69.1% poor
3334360%0%5.6%
Gogebic-Ontonagon ISD - District created from ISD
117 students
51.3% poor
2120184.9%14.3%5.4%
Lapeer ISD - District created from ISD
294 students
60.5% poor
5756590%1.7%0%
Livingston ESA - District created from ISD
619 students
46% poor
1441651650%0%0%
Midland County Educational Service Agency - District created from ISD
1,775 students
66.4% poor
6266650%1.6%4.6%
Macomb ISD - District created from ISD
3,651 students
58.9% poor
3503553590%0%0%
C.O.O.R. ISD - District created from ISD
318 students
71.4% poor
2221260%4.5%3.8%
Manistee ISD - District created from ISD
73 students
82.2% poor
2728270%3.7%3.7%
Mecosta-Osceola ISD - District created from ISD
530 students
55.5% poor
9992940%0%0%
Menominee ISD - District created from ISD
107 students
72% poor
1618190%0%0%
Monroe ISD - District created from ISD
1,279 students
56.1% poor
1691701790%2.4%0%
St. Joseph County ISD - District created from ISD
474 students
55.7% poor
6564663.1%1.5%3%
Muskegon Area ISD - District created from ISD
1,535 students
65.6% poor
7383887.2%4.1%0%
Montcalm Area ISD - District created from ISD
525 students
51.8% poor
991021052%0%2.9%
Oakland Schools - District created from ISD
2,768 students
69.3% poor
1401321370%0%0%
Kent ISD - District created from ISD
2,918 students
57.3% poor
5645945830%0%0.2%
Lenawee ISD - District created from ISD
596 students
57.7% poor
1401391310.7%1.4%2.3%
Shiawassee Regional ESD - District created from ISD
598 students
62.7% poor
8785911.2%1.2%2.2%
Cheb-Otsego-Presque Isle ESD - District created from ISD
307 students
51.1% poor
3946502.2%0%2%
Clare-Gladwin Regional Education Service District - District created from ISD
379 students
61.5% poor
5149494%0%2%
Wexford-Missaukee ISD - District created from ISD
421 students
48.2% poor
7676780%0%0%
Delta-Schoolcraft ISD - District created from ISD
321 students
81.9% poor
4544410%0%0%
Ottawa Area ISD - District created from ISD
1,426 students
50.1% poor
1481511623.3%3.4%1.9%
Calhoun Intermediate School District - District created from ISD
1,208 students
60.3% poor
2022001922%0.5%1.6%
Marquette-Alger RESA - District created from ISD
124 students
62.9% poor
2021210%0%0%
Newaygo County RESA - District created from ISD
465 students
55.7% poor
6566661.5%0%1.5%
Allegan Area Educational Service Agency - District created from ISD
426 students
48.6% poor
8881811.2%1.1%1.2%
Branch ISD - District created from ISD
551 students
58.3% poor
8081810%1.3%1.2%
Saginaw ISD - District created from ISD
837 students
63.7% poor
1891721701.2%1.1%1.2%
St. Clair County RESA - District created from ISD
600 students
69.5% poor
7781931.2%2.6%1.1%
Van Buren ISD - District created from ISD
641 students
40.7% poor
2121951920%1.4%0%
Washtenaw ISD - District created from ISD
1,275 students
60.4% poor
1371591880.6%0%0%
Berrien RESA - District created from ISD
800 students
64.4% poor
1221191360%0.8%0.7%
Ingham ISD - District created from ISD
1,365 students
60.9% poor
1581571630%1.9%0.6%
Tuscola ISD - District created from ISD
550 students
74.7% poor
9595960%0%0%
Jackson ISD - District created from ISD
1,215 students
64% poor
2222192280%0%0.4%
West Shore Educational Service District - District created from ISD
417 students
71.5% poor
8280770%0%0%
Genesee ISD - District created from ISD
3,744 students
65.9% poor
2432543992%1.6%0.3%
Clinton County RESA - District created from ISD
349 students
40.4% poor
6265630%0%0%

Source: Michigan Department of Education’s Office of Educator Excellence

Note: Poor indicates the percentage of students who are considered economically disadvantaged. The majority of those are eligible for a free or reduced price lunch because of their family income.

<

Diamond Coleman

Diamond Coleman, 17, said she is hoping for a better senior year when classes resume at Voyageur Academy on Detroit’s southwest side. She said long-term subs in English and Spanish made learning difficult. (Bridge photo by Mike Wilkinson)

New faces 'daily'

Diamond Coleman, 17, a senior at Voyageur Academy in Southwest Detroit, can relate to Wally Alhomaidi, who she works with at 482Forward, a Detroit-focused nonprofit that helps students become advocates for their own education.

Last year, before the year started, Diamond said she enjoyed writing and English. But then she had a long-term sub for English; she said the class was uninspiring. State records show the school, with 59 teachers, had 29 long-term substitutes last year.

“It’s not my passion anymore because of her,” Diamond said. Another sub at the school, she said, asked students to grade other students’ tests for her.

In Spanish class, she estimates she had five different teachers last year. They would keep going over the same topics, like counting.

“Or we’d just go to the gym and play.” 

Over the last few years, students in Detroit have routinely complained about teacher quality and the use of long-term subs to fill openings when certified teachers are unavailable, said Molly Sweeney, director of organizing for 482Forward. 

“That’s been a continuous problem that people are talking about,” she said.

Tuhfa

As she heads to Wayne State University this fall, Tuhfa Kasem, 17, lamented her education at Universal Academy, saying she felt being taught by long-term substitute teachers may have left her unprepared for college life. A salutatorian at Universal last year, Tuhfa used her graduation speech to criticize the school. (Bridge photo by Mike Wilkinson)

The advocacy group encourages students to talk to school and district officials to address their concerns. At Universal, the two co-salutatorians last year brought their grievances to the school’s graduation ceremony, criticizing the school in well-publicized speeches.

Tuhfa Kasem, 17, was one of the salutatorians and is part of 482Forward. She’s now headed to Wayne State and, she hopes, a career in dentistry.

But she said she’s headed to college a bit worried that the education she received at Universal wasn’t enough. Subs were a constant, she said, and paraprofessionals – classroom aides who mostly acted at translators – often were asked to take over when teachers or long-term subs abruptly left.

That meant students like Tuhfa, whose family moved from Yemen to the United States when she was 3, would have to translate for the many Arabic speakers in the class.

“We knew this wasn’t what we were supposed to learn,” she said. “We weren’t learning as much as we should.”

For students at Universal, there were few alternatives. Many did not speak English as a first language and Detroit’s traditional public schools – the two closest were closed in recent years – were not seen as viable options.

And with Universal working its school calendar around Muslim holidays, it worked for many families, most of whom are immigrants from Yemen.

Laila Nasher

A rising senior at Universal Academy, Laila Nasher, 17, hopes to attend an Ivy League school when she graduates next spring. But she was critical of what she felt was an overreliance on long-term subs at her school. (Bridge photo by Mike Wilkinson)

“For us, there weren’t many options,” Tuhfa said.

Universal’s leaders defended the school’s hiring practices, telling Bridge Magazine through a spokesman that it hires certified teachers and substitutes “based on a competitive application and interview process, meeting the qualification requirements for the grade and/or subject to be taught, completion of a background check, candidates’ ability and willingness to give it their best, commitment to meeting the students’ needs and serving their best interests.”

Bridge’s report showed that long-term subs, though found in public schools across across the state, were disproportionately in public charter schools like Universal and Voyageur. While roughly 10 percent of all Michigan students attend charters, more than half of all long-term subs worked in charters.

Laila Nasher, 17, wants to be a journalist who exposes wrongdoing and she hopes to go to Princeton University in New Jersey.

She said she wants more from her teachers and the school at Universal Academy. She has a good SAT score now –  1340 out of 1600, she said – but she’ll need even better to get into the Ivy League university.

If her teachers were better, she said, her path forward might be more clear. During her time at Universal, she said a math teacher became an Engish teacher, and aides became long-term subs.

“I would have a better SAT score, I would have better opportunities,” she said.

Students from Universal have gone to school leaders and officials with the authorizer of the charter, they said. Last week, they ratcheted up the pressure and attended a meeting of the Oakland University Board of Trustees (the authorizer, which oversees the charter school).

An assistant principal at the school told the board “we are really there for the students” and said the students’ activism was proof the school had helped make them “career-ready.”

The board was receptive to the students, said Sweeney of 482Forward. She’s hopeful that the university will demand changes at Universal. “I think they’re going to get a lot of traction from the board of trustees,” she said.

The university, in a statement, said its provost’s and charter school offices were looking into the students’ concerns and it hopes to have a report ready by Friday, Aug. 23.

In the meantime, Tuhfa is fretting college, Wally and Laila are nervous about their junior and senior years and Diamond is eager for change – now, not after she graduates.

“I just hope that it gets better because I don’t want to have a bad 12th-grade experience,” she said.

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Comments

Ren Farley
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 9:02am

Thank you for continuing to describe education issues in Michigan. Let's hope
many people pay attention.

woody
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 9:20am

Not sure why anyone would send their child to Gov. school with so many .

James tomlinson
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 11:13am

Public ed made america great. Charters and for profits are scams

woody
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 2:05pm

I would bet ur a teacher or your child and live in a good school district . Working in the city gives a whole new perception.

Subee
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 10:03am

Pay them and they will come. Change the mantra from "no tax raises" to "how do we turn this ship around". Thank you Republicans for stripping our schools of quality by denying teachers a livable salary and eyeing them as cost centers, as opposed to honorable professionals with master's degrees.

Matt
Wed, 08/28/2019 - 11:02am

Always been curious, what is the eviidence that teachers with master's degrees are more effective than those with just BAs? One would guess that over the last 40+ years the rate of MAs has increased significantly. How has that worked out?

Joe
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 10:12am

Interesting that the public and the charter schools are experiencing the same problems. What about the private sector? Maybe it’s time to revamp the entire educational community eliminating any governmental meddling.

Rick
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 4:25pm

'Maybe it’s time to revamp the entire educational community eliminating any governmental meddling.'
That's why there's a problem. We underfund education / public schools then illegally allow 'charter' schools (PRIVATE WITH NO SUPERVISION OF ANY KIND) and this is the mess we end up with.

Please read the Michigan Constitution about aid to non public schools. It's very, very clear. Simple. We have the Republican Party in Michigan utterly ignoring the Michigan Constitution. Wrecking public education to enrich the DeVos Family and their cronies.

Matt
Wed, 08/28/2019 - 7:07am

Rick if facts are important to you, the US is at the top or near top in educational spending in OECD nations. Michigan is fairly representative. We are way down the list when one looks at results. Money spent is not near the first problem.

duane
Thu, 08/29/2019 - 9:32am

Why do you think it is only money, and the world hasn't changed and the demands on knowledge and skills is the criticial factor in the world economy, US economy, Michigan's economy? If all the industries that are surviving in this new marketplace because they have changed why do you think 'education' shouldn't need to change?
In the past few generations how has Michigan education changed, while all the surviving business have changed, look at how medical care has changed, look at how in the doctor's office has changed [not just the technology but how they involve the patient in the decision for care], look at how businesses reach out and listen to their customers, look how they are addressing [social, environmental, personal] concerns?
Not only have businesses, medical care change their structure, they include those they serve in their planning, decision, and services processes, when have you heard an educator describe how they include students in the develop of the Michigan education, or in how they are changing their structure for learning, or even how the student learns? All we hear about is teachers and money, they same we have heard for at least the last 60 years here in Michigan? TO prove their point, the 'educators' keep reminding us of the difference in performance between the 'wealthy' and 'poor' districts, relying on the words 'wealthy' and 'poor' to explain the difference and justify their claim for more money, but they never talk about looking pass those two words, they never look at how the students in those district practice learning, they never describe the expected student role/responsibilities are different.

You seem to deny that 'education' needs to change and all they need is more money to keep doing what they have been doing for as far back as any of us can remember. I wonder if you still use a party line phone.

Joe Fraser
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 11:06am

Thank you Bridge for continuing to highlight the education issues in the state. This Academy should be ashamed of itself for the lack of instruction afforded to their students and shame on the authorizing body for allowing this to continue.
Students deserve a high quality education taught by certified teaching staff, not subs or paraprofessionals. Teachers in the state of Michigan are required to obtain ongoing professional development which they often have to pay for out of pocket. Where does the MDE fit in? Are they not checking in on these schools? Where is the accountability? Sad state of affairs for the future of our children! With the focus placed on for-profit management companies - did you SEE the budget for Universal Academy? Look on their website. The amount of money Hamadeh Educational Services is bringing in is appalling. The Bridge should consider doing a series on the high amount of money these educational services providers are taking from their schools! Ridiculous!

James tomlimson
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 11:12am

Conservative govt is always a trainwreck for education

Sue
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 11:48am

Interesting to note that the student examples used in the article are all at charter schools, which are notorious for teachers' low pay and inability to keep certified teachers, who often leave for the public school system as soon as they can.

Ali Ghaffari
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 11:55am

How much has the management company and her family made while these children suffer? Made to watch YouTube while the leader drives a tesla! It is a shame and a disservice to the community for this practice to be legal.

duane
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 12:49pm

Which is more important to a student in chemistry class, a teacher with an educational background or a teacher that understands chemistry?
One of the concerns we periodically hear about teacher pay and availability is how they can leave and go to private industry for better pay. Why is that if they are so specialized in teaching children? Could it be that, if nothing else, earning a college degree suggest they can learn, they do learn, so they can learn to apply their learning capabilities in a new job. If that is possible in that direction than why isn't it possible to be true in the classroom?
This approach may not work for every grade, but why not start with Senior class subjects [next year they will be in class that are effectively taught by grad assistance in classes possibly in the hundreds] and test it the idea.
What is there in the 'educational' training that out weighs subject matter expertise in the classroom? What of the elements that can't be put into a compressed training session for college graduates?
Is this article only excuse for whining about the schools or can it be a trigger for a broader conversation about how to address the problem?

Meri
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 1:06pm

The problem of finding and keeping qualified teachers is complicated by a number of factors. First, many teachers who have advanced degrees and have been working successfully for thirty years in their profession are being forced out by means of harassment or other subversive means. They are just "too expensive", not considered an investment but a liability. This is counter to the fact that it means that in some cases these teachers are required by law to have a specific certification and endorsements which cannot be replicated by a long-term sub. Would you want an individual with two years of college (general studies) instructing your child in Biology or Civics? The practice of hiring teachers who are highly qualified in their area of instruction is in place to combat this irresponsibility. And nothing substitutes for experience when it comes to teaching. Losing experienced teachers cheats the students who require knowledgeable teaching staff for everyday successes.
Secondly, starting salaries are quite low, especially considering most districts look for candidates with a master's degree. A first-year accounting graduate with a Bachelor's degree usually earns more than an established teacher with a Master's degree. Many teachers need to hold a second job to earn enough money to support their families. It drains the quality of job performance which creates a spiral descent. When the second job pays more than the primary, there can be a transfer of focus. The presence of tired teachers in the classroom also cheats students of quality education.
Thirdly, after teachers retire from a Michigan school district laws prevent them from teaching in another district within the state. Additionally, when teachers move they do not carry tenure or seniority with them. This not only prevents retired teachers from taking a position in another district but also makes it difficult for younger teachers who move due to a spousal job transfer or any other reason to establish themselves in a new district. Teachers take deep cuts in pay when they change districts because they lose the step raises they would have received in their previous district and shift back to entry-level pay rates.
And, finally, deep disrespect directed towards teachers in our society as a whole does not encourage people to want to join or continue in the field, especially when the pay is so disproportionate to the level of education necessary to perform the job. Teacher bashing has become a widespread hobby in this country. Reading the comments after any article about education you will find vile and negative comments undermining and insulting teachers, both professionally and personally. It is truly ugly and disheartening. Why would a sane person put themselves in such a position? Most won't any longer. Can you blame them?
The result? Short-term, unqualified teachers teaching our children. Our future. The dumbing down of our society except in cases like the remarkable young people highlighted in this article. We need to hope our youth has the motivation to educate themselves because the system currently in place is lacking.

duane
Fri, 08/30/2019 - 10:56am

Meri,
You raise some interesting points and I would like to hear more about them.
What are the subtle ways the experience teachers are be discouraged, encouraged to leave? What knowledge/skills they have developed in the classroom [25, 30 year plus] that is valuable both in their classrooms and across the school or grade? Could their knowledge be transferred/shared so others could apply it in their classrooms? I ask these questions because with that understanding it creates a means for showing value and justifying a return on pay; it might even be a path for a few to advancement in pay.
As to your second point, the considerations involve future value/return on investment. How will a new teacher increase their value with experience, how will that improve their effectiveness and productivity, and how will they enhance their employer’s value in the eyes of those who pay for the employers services? What are the metrics the taxpayers use to measure the value of the schools and how do teachers new/experienced impact those metrics?
What is so important about tenure and seniority, it isn’t nor has been part of employment for most working people? Though in my experience without tenure/seniority people were hire by a new employer based on the knowledge and skills [the value] they brought to the job and how that was perceived to increase value to the employer.
The respect issue has two parts, one is personal and the other is about the organization and the understanding of the community. If a person is more susceptible to external influence by how well they feel about what they do and the quality of work they produce, having been on receiving end of disparaging attitudes a with a couple of different employers I have been able in at myself and watch my peers, one of the things to do is self-assess the job, the employer/peer culture and practices, and develop a set of criteria to measure yourself by, work setting by, and those judging you. With that in hand make your own judgements. The other part is to look at your current organization and the community most important to you and evaluate them. Usually, when you take that approach the employees and develop a plan of action to better inform the community and help them see the value you are providing. I have yet to see that be done by local school districts. I have lived and used the in a few, the one district with the most appreciative community has a bias toward education and were much more involved in their children’s learning success, they were better advocates for the schools, the teachers than the ‘educators’ we of themselves.

Separate question, why are teacher so resistant to engaging parents that have raised academically successful students?

Rick
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 4:22pm

I'm more than a little amazed that Michigan has charter schools given what the Michigan Constitution says about aid to non-public schools:
"STATE CONSTITUTION (EXCERPT)
CONSTITUTION OF MICHIGAN OF 1963

§ 2 Free public elementary and secondary schools; discrimination.
Sec. 2.

The legislature shall maintain and support a system of free public elementary and secondary schools as defined by law. Every school district shall provide for the education of its pupils without discrimination as to religion, creed, race, color or national origin.
No public monies or property shall be appropriated or paid or any public credit utilized, by the legislature or any other political subdivision or agency of the state directly or indirectly to aid or maintain any private, denominational or other nonpublic, pre-elementary, elementary, or secondary school. No payment, credit, tax benefit, exemption or deductions, tuition voucher, subsidy, grant or loan of public monies or property shall be provided, directly or indirectly, to support the attendance of any student or the employment of any person at any such nonpublic school or at any location or institution where instruction is offered in whole or in part to such nonpublic school students. The legislature may provide for the transportation of students to and from any school.

History: Const. 1963, Art. VIII, § 2, Eff. Jan. 1, 1964 ;-- Am. Initiated Law, approved Nov. 3, 1970, Eff. Dec. 19, 1970
Constitutionality: That portion of second sentence of second paragraph of this section, prohibiting use of public money to support attendance of any student or employment of any person at any location or institution where instruction is offered in whole or in part to nonpublic students, was held unconstitutional, void, and unenforceable because it contravened free exercise of religion guaranteed by the United States Constitution and was violative of equal protection of laws provisions of United States Constitution. Traverse City School District v Attorney General, 384 Mich 390; 185 NW2d 9 (1971).
Former Constitution: See Const. 1908, Art. XI, § 9."

Pretty clear that anything not public (e.g. private) isn't allowed. Period. I asked the Michigan Supreme Court how charter schools were constitutional in any way. I never received a response. That about says it all.

Matt
Wed, 08/28/2019 - 11:10am

Rick, Are you now a constitutional originalist? I thought the constitution was a living document, with different meanings at different times to different people? So now your heroes are Bork, Scalia and Thomas?

Jay Jenkins
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 9:15pm

Charter schools pay $104/day for a substitute.

That’s $18,720 per year or $13/hr with $0 benefits.

If you want good teachers willing to spend countless hours developing engaging lesson plans, then the money needs to be there. We need to stop underfunding charters so they can pay teachers properly.

Otherwise, be happy they even show up.

Tim Hall
Tue, 08/27/2019 - 10:04pm

your school administrations are driving certified teachers to become long-term subs. these full-time teachers are forced to work from 7 a.m. till midnight and throughout the weekend just to keep up. they are denied bonuses for bogus reasons. they are physically assaulted in the classroom by students who are repeat offenders and who should not even have been on the school grounds. they are insulted by principals when they report the assault. your administrations are driving certified teachers out of the schools. i know one who went back to subbing so that she could have a life. but she now works a second job at walmart because the pay is too low. therefore she is exhausted and is working weekends. in addition, subs do not get pensions, except in detroit where they are hired by the school board. elsewhere in se michigan subs are hired through the scam of an agency, which relieves the school systems of any responsibility for their future and later life. the whole educational system is rotten. children are not taught hand-writing under the ridiculous assumption that they will never need to do it. some do not even learn to read a clock. they do not learn to calculate, as their dumb phones will do it for them. many do not learn to read and reach the 11th grade illiterate!