Detroit neighborhoods are making progress, but not all feel the love

Detroit is revitalizing 10 neighborhoods through its Strategic Neighborhood Fund. City planners say the targeted approach has the best chance of success.

Donna Givens, president and CEO of the Eastside Community Network, said housing is the pressing quality of life issue in Detroit’s neighborhoods.

Home values are up and foreclosures are down in Detroit since 2013, as some of the city’s quality of life indicators are moving in a positive direction.

In his second term, Mayor Mike Duggan has made neighborhoods a priority and likely will address them Tuesday during his annual State of the City speech. Last year, he vowed all 22,000 of the city’s vacant buildings would be demolished or boarded by the end of this year.

Beyond demolitions, Duggan is taking a strategic approach to neighborhood redevelopment, focusing resources first on stable areas. More than $170 million is being poured into revitalizing 10 neighborhoods through the city’s Strategic Neighborhood Fund.  

Related: Crime dips in Detroit. But ‘people do not feel safe,’ commissioner says.

But progress hasn’t been as fast as some would like and many Detroiters who live outside neighborhoods targeted for redevelopment question when help will arrive.

Bridge Magazine on Friday discussed the state of Detroit neighborhoods with Donna Givens, president and CEO of the Eastside Community Network, a community development group. The interview was edited for length and clarity.

Bridge Magazine: Many of Detroit’s successes recently are well publicized. What’s happening under the radar?

Donna Givens: The city is now 25 percent middle class [the lowest rate in America’s big cities.] The impact of Detroit losing its stature as the engine for black middle class should not be ignored. There should be some public policy thought around that. So much of that happened because of mortgage foreclosure,  tax foreclosure.

Bridge Magazine: What can the mayor do about that?

Donna Givens: I hope he will announce he will work with the governor to create policy to place a moratorium on tax foreclosures. How can we keep foreclosing on personal property when we are giving large corporations such large tax breaks? I understand that corporations hiring people is a public good and that’s the reason we give tax breaks. Keeping people in their homes is just as important.

Bridge Magazine: Detroit is more than five years post-bankruptcy. What other economic questions need to be addressed?  

Donna Givens: There are some things even the best mayor in the world could not accomplish unless we had some changes to how we produce revenues for cities.

The question is, are there really enough revenues to cover all the responsibilities of a city? No. Property tax collection is down because properties are valued less than 10 years ago. The only way to change the revenue situation in Detroit is to ask the Legislature for permission for a new tax like an entertainment tax or increase some other tax.

It’s not a Detroit thing, there’s a statewide gap in revenues and the money needed to operate cities. Mayor Duggan has a great deal of bipartisan support across the state. If he  used his voice to really talk about looking at our revenue structure, he could actually make a difference.

Bridge Magazine: Which quality of life issue is most pressing now?

Donna Givens: Housing is No. 1. If you look at the wealth of the average homeowner in Detroit, they don’t have money for the reinvestment needed to make improvements to their home. If we don’t help them, what’s the alternative?   

Bridge Magazine: The city has identified 10 neighborhoods to revitalize with housing, gardens and commercial sites and more. The mayor will likely highlight some of those neighborhoods and neighbors. Is the Strategic Neighborhood Fund working?

Donna Givens: There is not one perspective on the Strategic Neighborhood Fund. Some people think when city planners come in, they already have a idea of what they want to happen. Some people are optimistic the city is going to do what they say they will. When it comes to neighborhoods not targeted by city, there’s a general feeling the city doesn’t care about their neighborhoods and, “when is it going to be our turn?” The city will say, “we can’t do every neighborhood at once.” But some people feel frustrated and neglected. We’re talking about people who are taxpayers. Their taxes are being used to improve neighborhoods, but not theirs. I’ve heard some people say, “why am I paying taxes?”

Bridge Magazine: What’s the good news?

Donna Givens: I want to be sure to strike a balance: I think Mayor Duggan has every right to celebrate and stand up and say what he’s accomplished. There are many people in many neighborhoods who will say they see improvement in basic city services, garbage collection, streetlights and street cleaning and more responsive government.

Bridge Magazine: Last year, the mayor said the city would have all of the vacant properties demolished or boarded up by 2019. Is that a good goal?

Donna Givens: Is blight removal doing the same thing as urban renewal, removing people from certain spaces?  I don’t have a problem with blight removal as long as you’re putting something there.

In one neighborhood, we tracked $1.5 million in demos and very little going into home repair, very few houses being purchased and rehabbed. If the money we’re spending in neighborhoods is heavily slanted toward demos and not as much to maintain property, I just worry about what that means.

You can say, “look at all these houses we’re building.” But how many are available to people with low to moderate income? How many homes are being taken by the tax assessor and sold at auction? For the most part, you’re talking about homes of people of  low to moderate income. And the houses we’re building are for people making more money.

Whether you say it or not, it’s displacement. That’s the only way I can do the math.

Like what you’re reading in Bridge? Please consider a donation to support our work!

We are a nonprofit Michigan news site focused on issues that impact all citizens. In an era of click bait and biased news, we focus on taking the time to learn both sides of a story before we post it. Bridge stories are always free, but our work costs money. If our journalism helps you understand and love Michigan more, please consider supporting our work. It takes just a moment to donate here.

Pay with VISA Pay with MasterCard Pay with American Express Donate now

Comment Form

Add new comment

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Comments

marco
Tue, 03/05/2019 - 10:24am

If one looks at the list of "related stories'" it looks about the same as it did 25 years ago. Where is the real progress of the City (and, I don't mean in the downtown area, which seems to have always been the pet for new investment --- maybe because of tax and other incentives)?

Paul Martinsky
Tue, 03/05/2019 - 1:16pm

Yes indeed!! Taxes in vain!! Long time residents and homeowners, young and old, who pay income and property taxes, are frustrated!! I live in Zipcode 48212, north of Jayne Field, near Buddy's Pizza, just north of a Strategic Planning Area, the City of Detroit/Planning and Development's Banglatown Framework Plan. The library down the street from my home, plus my neighborhood recreation center, city parks and schools, are within plan boundaries, but my block and others are not, blocks west of Conant, including Ryan Road, Dean, and Sunset, just north of Davison. Hopefully any positive growth from the plan spills over to these neighboring blocks that are oh so close, but not within, plus hoping too that things get better on the well traveled commerical corridors of Davison and McNichols. Currently, Conant, and only Conant, is targeted for commercial development/restoration.
Meanwhile, however, I'm mainly upset over lingering issues from before the "Days Of Our Strategic Neighborhoods", such as waiting for the Board-Up Brigade that was supposed to secure a dangerous, open to tresspass, city-owned/DLBA house that needs demo, waiting for removal or trimming of a mammoth tree in yard of that same house, a tree that could easily fall over on other houses or utility cables/wires in alley, waiting for board up of a few other properties too, including one where a murderer from Warren was caught at, while hiding, by both Warren and Detroit Police during Labor Day Weekend of 2017, and waiting for repair of an alley sinkhole that developed after a sewer catch basin was removed/stolen by scrappers years ago. The "Improve Detroit" App hasn't worked for these issues. But nevertheless, I always pay my income and property taxes, with a smile and a prayer for neighborhood restoration and growth. And I attend Strategic Planning Community Meetings, with my friends/neighbors who live on the lucky side of Davison, to stay in touch with what's going on in Detroit 48212.

Todd
Tue, 03/05/2019 - 2:28pm

Why concentrate so much there? It is comparable to fixing your tires and then riding over potholes on purpose. Wash your car and go straight through a mud puddle. It's hard to justify fixing up neighborhoods when you know they will be trashed immediately by the people who live there and don't care.

Michigan Observer
Tue, 03/05/2019 - 10:54pm

Ms Givens says, "The city will say, “we can’t do every neighborhood at once.” But some people feel frustrated and neglected. We’re talking about people who are taxpayers. Their taxes are being used to improve neighborhoods, but not theirs. I’ve heard some people say, “why am I paying taxes?” First, does she have evidence that the city can do every neighborhood at once? No, she does not. Does she have evidence that the taxes of frustrated and neglected taxpayers are being used to improve neighborhoods? Again, she does not. Neighborhoods generally do not generate enough revenue to make improvements. Their taxes are used to pay for services such as police, fire and garbage collection and the city's administrative overhead.

And she says, "How can we keep foreclosing on personal property when we are giving large corporations such large tax breaks? I understand that corporations hiring people is a public good and that’s the reason we give tax breaks. Keeping people in their homes is just as important." Isn't it the case that if people had jobs, they could afford to pay their mortgage payment and taxes? That would keep people in their houses wouldn't it?