Opinion | Criminal justice reform is the right thing to do, for all of Michigan

Doug DeVos is past chair of the West MI Policy Forum.  Doug and Maria DeVos co-founded the Doug and Maria DeVos Foundation in 1992.

More than a decade ago law enforcement leaders supported smart criminal justice reform because they recognized that over-incarceration would not make Michigan safer. Despite these improvements, Michigan still incarcerates more people, keeps inmates longer and spends significantly more money on corrections than our neighboring Midwest states.

One out of every five taxpayer dollars goes toward corrections – a proportion of Michigan’s general fund budget nearly twice that of the next highest spending state.

But Michigan’s violent crime rate remains among the highest in our region, and there is mounting evidence that overuse of prisons does not deter or decrease criminal behavior. In fact, it instead exacts an enormous toll on families and communities and creates even greater threats to public safety.

Related: Snyder’s Michigan: Fewer prisoners, less prison spending
Jail official: State funding for mental health will reduce crime and save money​

The West Michigan Policy Forum has continued to focus on criminal justice reforms and lawmakers in Lansing have previously approved several measures to enhance public safety and prioritize rehabilitation plans for inmates.

And our state is making progress. Recent Michigan Department of Corrections data show a dramatic drop in the percent of parolees who return to prison within three years of release — to 28.1 percent now, versus 45.7 percent 20 years ago.  Now is the time to build on this momentum.

We urge the Michigan Legislature to pass a bipartisan package of bills, led by House Law and Justice Chairman Rep. Klint Kesto and House Health Policy Chairman Rep. Hank Vaupel, aimed at making our system smart on crime and soft on taxpayers.  

We believe this effort deserves the public’s support. These are common-sense measures built on the foundations of the House task force assembled by Speaker Tom Leonard that can make our corrections system more efficient, improve mental health treatment and remove barriers to employment for people returning to our communities.

The House recently moved these reforms forward by passing legislation seeking to end lengthy backlogs, sometimes longer than the potential sentence itself, for psychiatric evaluations to determine whether an individual is competent to stand trial or ready to be released. The House also overwhelmingly passed legislation so that medically frail inmates, who pose no risk to the public, could be transferred to lower-cost nursing facilities.

Michigan keeps inmates in prison an average of 50 percent longer than the national average. Bills also under consideration would ensure objective risk factors are considered in keeping inmates beyond their minimum sentence.

The legislature should send each of these reforms to Governor Snyder for approval.

While there has been discussion of business support of reform to fill jobs, the need for reform is much bigger than any economic impact. To ensure safety, we must keep those who need to be restrained in prison.

However, more than 80 percent of Michigan inmates, or more than 32,000 of the current prison population, will be released and re-enter our local communities. For those who have broken the law and have faced appropriate accountability, we have a moral responsibility to create real opportunity for them. We should help them find confidence and meaningful work to support themselves and their families, rebuild lives, and contribute to the well being of our community.

Laws and policies that were enacted long ago with the understandable intent to make Michigan residents safer by being “tough on crime” have had the unintended consequence of being “tough on taxpayers.” But even worse, these policies have been devastating for individuals, families and communities as those who have served their time begin to assimilate back into society and try to find a productive pathway forward.

The bipartisan bills in the Legislature promise to make Michigan’s criminal justice system more effective. This will not only be good for employers looking for workers and better for taxpayers paying the bills but, more importantly, they will make our communities safer and better which is the right thing to do for all of us.

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alice minch
Fri, 03/16/2018 - 4:00pm

Prison reform is much needed in MI and this country. Private prisons only benefits investors. Other countries have a much less prison population and return to prison rate . The do actual 'rehab " .

Sun, 03/18/2018 - 8:35pm

Good commentary on the current prison system. This one paragraph pretty well sums up what has happened.

As Devos says: "Laws and policies that were enacted long ago with the understandable intent to make Michigan residents safer by being “tough on crime” have had the unintended consequence of being “tough on taxpayers.” But even worse, these policies have been devastating for individuals, families and communities as those who have served their time begin to assimilate back into society and try to find a productive pathway forward."

I just hope that lessons have been learned by those who were so determined to be "tough on crime" but did not consider the devastation these policies would create so many years down the line.

Including many voices (bipartisan) is the only way to come up with good solutions.

Tue, 03/27/2018 - 2:12am

One simple question to the author. Are you willing to live next to these people when they are released early? Honestly, let’s put one on each side and let it be 80 percent of your street.. A few rapists, a few armed robbery suspects, a few drive by shooters... Then we’ll see if you still have the same opinion... I doubt it. Id be willing to bet you live in an insultated area / neighborhood that will not be impacted by these proposed changes.. I just read an article where a man from inkster shot another man in the head and got 6-12 years in prison.. That is prison reform at its finest and its a joke.. let him live next to you and your kids in 6 years..

Even better.. let’s send your kids to school with the kids of these criminals.. let your wife work with them... When we put it in these terms, I wonder if you’d be ok with it.. They will never affect you since you are presumably middle to upper middle class, but if you weren’t, you wouldn’t have the same opinion. I can absolutely guarantee that.

Wed, 05/09/2018 - 10:43pm

*I'm* willing to live in the same neighborhood as them after release. In fact, I already do; I know a couple ex-cons. So I know what they're like, as people... not as the monsters that the babysitters on talk radio tell horror stories about.

Fri, 04/06/2018 - 4:14pm

What about proper funding for schools, trades and colleges for better education so people don't turn to crime in the first place?

Jeff Hart
Fri, 04/06/2018 - 10:51pm

There was a good reason these laws were passed in the first place. Once they were, the overall crime rate has decreased every year since. There were a lot of options, and lots of discussion of what should be done with regard to crime. The incarcerating people longer, 3 strikes law, etc. was decided to be the best option, even though everyone knew it would be the most expensive. Not saying there shouldn't be adjustments now that we have seen the results, but I think most people would not want to return to when drug dealers were giving out free samples of cocaine and heroin to elementary school kids on the sidewalk in front of the school and only received a maximum 6 month sentence, every time.

Wed, 05/09/2018 - 10:44pm

You've been lied to, Jeff. Most of what you wrote is not true.

Sun, 04/08/2018 - 3:59pm

Treatment Courts are doing just that. Sobriety, Mental Health, Veterans, Drug and Family Courts have been very successful in solving issues that cause them to be in the justice system to begin with. If successful, these participants have much lower recidivism rate, become assets to their family and the community. Incarceration is the last option. More funding for these problem solving Courts can save taxpayer dollars as well as providing safety to the public. Participants get the help they need to make better choices and we all benefit.