Along with “Fix the damn roads,” it was a signature promise of then-Democratic gubernatorial candidate Gretchen Whitmer.
“We need to repeal the retirement tax. Our seniors deserve better,” she said weeks before the November election, repeating a vow she made countless times throughout her campaign.
As she settles into the governor’s seat, Whitmer will get a chance to put political muscle behind efforts to kill the controversial tax that GOP Gov. Rick Snyder signed into law in 2011.
“Michigan seniors deserve better than to have the state continue to tax their pensions — especially the retirees who did not anticipate the new tax during the heart of their working careers,” Barrett said in a statement.
GOP Sen. Tom Barrett: “Michigan seniors deserve better than to have the state continue to tax their pensions.”
Some analysts say repeal of the tax might be a relatively easy political win for Whitmer, given strong Democratic opposition to the tax and grumblings from Republicans such as Barrett.
But if it’s repealed, a tricky unanswered question looms: How would Whitmer make up more than $300 million a year in lost revenue?
“I think this is kind of low-hanging fruit,” said veteran Lansing political analyst Bill Ballenger. “The problem will be, how do you replace the revenue that’s been lost? That’s the real issue.”
Pension tax revenue is only one of several potential funding potholes Whitmer will have to navigate as her administration prepares its budget priorities:
- There’s also Whitmer’s campaign promise to put $2 billion in tax dollars in a state infrastructure bank to repair Michigan’s decimated roads, and leverage extra money from Washington. She has not yet offered specifics on how she might raise the money each year, aside from asking the Legislature to raise user fees for roads or, if lawmakers refuse, asking statewide voters to approve a bond.
- Even if the state hikes vehicle registration fees 20 percent, that would raise $200 million a year, far short of what Whitmer’s roads plan needs.
- She’s vowed to stop funding community colleges and public universities from the nearly $14 billion School Aid Fund, a practice former Democratic Gov. Jennifer Granholm started in the 2010 fiscal year that was later continued by Snyder. School Aid mostly pays for K-12 public schools, but more than $900 million this year is going toward higher education. Whitmer opposes the diversion, saying she believes the fund is intended to solely pay for K-12 schools and that college funding needs to come from another source. But she has not clearly spelled out what that source might be.
- Then there’s the fiscal reality that hundreds of millions in additional dollars from the $10 billion general fund are already spoken for as part of a 2015 road funding plan. In the fiscal year that starts Oct. 1, 2019 — Whitmer’s first budget — $325 million in state income tax revenue automatically will be diverted to pay for roads. That amount climbs to $600 million when fully phased in by 2021.
Despite those hurdles, the fact that Democratic lawmakers in both chambers voted unanimously in 2011 against the pension tax suggests Whitmer will get strong support for repeal from within her party, which accused Snyder at the time of funding big business tax breaks on the backs of seniors.
Political analyst Bill Ballenger: “I think this is kind of low-hanging fruit. The problem will be how do you replace the revenue that’s been lost?”
Republican lawmakers, who still control both the House and Senate, are another matter. Leaders of each chamber issued sound less than enthusiastic about repealing the pension tax.
Gideon D'Assandro, spokesperson for GOP House Speaker Lee Chatfield of Levering, said: “The speaker hasn't had a chance to go through it in detail yet, but he would like to see the House work on the issue and take a close look at any potential improvements. The Tax Policy committee will make the decision on when to take it up and vet the proposal.”
Amber McCann, spokesperson for GOP Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey, said in a statement: “If the legislature were to revisit how we tax retirement income, the Majority Leader believes we need to stick to fairness as the ultimate objective.”
That was Snyder’s selling point as he pushed the tax. He argued it was fair to ask future retirees to help pay for services all residents use and that the tax measure would help keep young people in the state.
Snyder needed the pension tax revenue to make up part of the revenue lost in the $1.65 billion business tax cut he also signed into law in 2011. He also signed measures to reduce low-income tax credits and homestead property tax credits and eliminate a number of other tax credits including those for donations to colleges, community foundations, public libraries, museums and homeless shelters.
Shirkey voted for the pension tax as a member of the House, echoing Snyder’s economic argument at the time of passage: "We're making the tough decisions now to allow future generations in Michigan to grow and thrive."
GOP Majority Leader Mike Shirkey: “’We need to stick to fairness as the ultimate objective.’”
The pension tax was phased in, with those born before 1946 exempt. Retirees born from 1946 through 1952 are only taxed on pension benefits that exceed $20,000 for a single filer or $40,000 for joint filers. Retirees born after 1952 are taxed on all their pension benefits until age 67, when they can exempt the same amount.
A retired couple born after 1952 collecting pension benefits of $48,000 before age 67 would pay $2,040 more in taxes a year under the pension tax law.
Jim Stansell, senior economist with the House Fiscal Agency, estimates the tax raises about $330 million a year and lands on anywhere from 500,000 to 1 million Michigan taxpayers.
Among those it hits is 70-year-old Diane Lange of East Grand Rapids. A retired rental property owner with a pension of about $27,000, she said she’s been paying the tax since 2012.
“I can’t say, ‘Oh my God, I’m broke because of this,’” Lange said, estimating the tax costs her about $300 a year. But given that she still owes $95,000 on her mortgage, Lange said, any added tax can be a burden.
“I’m in debt. I want the Legislature to repeal this tax. It was a phony reason they gave us for the tax in the first place. I think it’s (expletive).”
Eight years ago, it wasn’t an easy sell even with Snyder pushing hard for passage and a GOP majority in both chambers.
Seven Republican senators peeled off from Snyder to vote against the tax – joining all 12 Democratic senators, including then Senate Minority Leader Whitmer. GOP Lt. Gov. Brian Calley cast his vote in favor to break the 19-19 tie.
The margin in the Senate is now closer, as Democrats picked up five seats in the November election to narrow Republican control from 27-11 to 22-16.
If all 16 Democrats and GOP Sen. Barrett vote to repeal, Whitmer would need just two more Republicans to join them. That would allow Democratic Lt. Gov. Garlin Gilchrist to break the tie and repeal the tax – just as his predecessor had in passing the measure.
The GOP margin in the House also narrowed this legislative term, from 63-47 before the election to a 58-52 advantage.
Democratic Minority Leader Christine Greig of Farmington Hills expects her caucus to push for repeal.
“This is something Democrats have been campaigning on for a long time,” she said.
It’s not expected that a repeal of the tax would come up for a floor vote until after Whitmer’s State of the State address Feb. 12 and delivery of her budget proposal, expected in early March. And many analysts expect Whitmer to focus first on her ambitious promise to fix the roads.
Asked by Bridge if repealing the pension tax remains a priority, Whitmer spokesperson Tiffany Brown said: “The governor made her position on the retirement tax very clear during the campaign. Having said that, we are not going to weigh in on specific legislation with budget implications prior to the release of the governor’s executive budget in March.”
Given Majority Leader Shirkey’s skepticism about repeal, Republican consultant Steve Mitchell said it’s unlikely the Senate will vote for repeal.
“I think given the statements by Sen. Shirkey, they might do something around the margins of this. They are not going to repeal this tax.”
“You have Gretchen Whitmer trying to find money to fix the damn roads. It’s hard to find money to fix the damn roads if you take $400 million out of the pot. It will be interesting to see how hard she works for this.”
Ken Sikkema, a former Republican lawmaker and senior policy fellow for Public Sector Consultants, agrees that pension tax repeal will likely take a back seat in the early days of Whitmer’s administration.
“One of the challenges any governor has is prioritizing things they talked about in the campaign,” said Sikkema, who served as Senate Majority Leader from 2002-2006. “Given the emphasis she put on fixing the roads, she probably has to focus on that more than this issue.”
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