Marijuana users explore law's limits

In 2008, Howard Lutz watched a loved one die.

The business his family tended for more than 70 years -- Lutz News Co. – became a victim of the seismic shift in the ink-on-paper business.

Lutz moved on to build another business – one that rests on how Michigan handles a controversial state law.

Iron Labs LLC is a marijuana testing firm. Based in Walled Lake, it employs three full-time "cannascientists."

The "cannascientists" put submitted samples of medical marijuana under a microscope and, through gas chromatography, they note impurities and the levels of four different cannabinoids and THC, the active ingredients in the cannabis plant.

The results are reported on the company’s website, for the perusal of any of the more than 200,000 Michiganians who’ve registered for the card that enables them to buy marijuana. Users believe the various cannabinoid levels affect how the drug works on them. Those using marijuana for insomnia may seek a different strain than those who want relief from the nausea of chemotherapy, or back pain, for example. The results page, Lutz says, helps them choose.

"We want credibility for our industry, and testing will be a part of it," he said. But credibility, he admits, is a destination on a road to be traveled step by step.

Since Michigan voters approved the use of medical marijuana in November 2008, the industry, such as it is, has been ruled by confusion and anxiety. (Michigan is one of 17 states that allows for medical marijuana use.)

The law allows "care-givers" to cultivate up to 12 plants per patient for up to seven six patients and possess 2.5 ounces of dried marijuana per patient. But getting it into those patient’s hands has been problematic from the start, with local ordinances banning dispensaries, Attorney General Bill Schuette’s campaign against it, and the final, overarching irony of the whole law: Marijuana is illegal under federal law.

Marijuana is a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, i.e., with "no currently accepted medical use" and a high potential for abuse.

"You’re never without risk that the feds will come in and hassle you at any time -- and by hassle I mean arrest and seize you," said Matt Abel, a Detroit attorney specializing in marijuana issues. The U.S. Department of Justice has sent mixed signals. Even while President Obama has promised not to make prosecution of medical-marijuana users a priority, federal authorities raided some dispensaries in California last year.

In Michigan, both sides are waiting for the state Supreme Court to take up what’s become known as the "Compassionate Apothecary" case, after the dispensaries in Lansing and Mt. Pleasant that tested a patient-to-patient sales model. The Court of Appeals agreed with Schuette that such sales were illegal. The high court’s ultimate decision could determine the future of medical marijuana in Michigan.

But, Abel said, generally growers and users in Michigan are becoming comfortable with the business, even as the laws governing it continue to change. This summer, the Michigan Court of Appeals ruled that local governments couldn’t use ordinances to criminalize medical marijuana and that a man could not be prosecuted because he did not have his registration card at the time of his arrest. A four-bill package now in the Legislature would clarify some of the murkier aspects of the original legislation, including mandating that patients actually see the doctors who approve their cards, rather than consult via teleconference or other means.

Relations with police are "location-dependent," Abel said. Oakland County is bad, Washtenaw "relatively good." Genesee is better, he added, along with some counties in the northern Lower Peninsula and U.P.

But the business -- like the plant at its center -- is still a hybrid. Medical marijuana’s advocates stress its therapeutic value for a variety of ailments and use medical terminology to describe themselves -- patients, care-givers, etc. But the experience of receiving it is unlike that of any other medicine.

There are no prescriptions, dosages or other pharmaceutical instruction. Once a user receives a card -- or files paperwork indicating they’ve applied, as the backlog is months long -- he or she finds a dispensary or care-giver and starts experimenting with the choices, which, at Iron Labs, tend to have such un-medicinal names as "Chernobyl," "Trainwreck" and "Tangerine Dream."

"I have no interactions with doctors at all," said Nick Agro, a Detroit care-giver. "And I work only with my own patients." He has five at the moment, including a 71-year-old woman with pain from knee-replacement surgery; a 68-year-old woman with neck problems after multiple surgeries; a 45-year-old former football player with chronic knee and rotator-cuff pain; and a multiple sclerosis patient who uses marijuana to relieve spasms.

Each uses a different strain, Agro said. One only uses it in edible form. But all, Agro believes, should have the right to treat themselves with a plant they find helpful.

"There’s no hard science (on marijuana) yet, because it’s still schedule 1," Agro said. "Until it’s moved (off the illicit list), we won’t get the good research."

When that might be is anyone’s guess. Abel freely admits medical marijuana is only the first step in what he hopes will be full legalization.

"Damn straight" it is, he said. "The idea is to get the sick and dying off the battlefield before we satisfy the recreational users."

As for Schuette, a spokeswoman for his office said the attorney general wants marijuana to remain what he believes the "very compassionate" people of Michigan voted for in 2008. (Schuette was a vocal opponent of the ballot proposal that year.)

"They expected a narrowly crafted law to help sick people," said Joy Yearout. "(The Michigan Medical Marihuana Act) was a very poorly written law. Law enforcement needs clarity. We’re optimistic that the court will rule that this law was narrowly crafted for a small community of seriously ill people. It’s not a back door to legalization."

Staff Writer Nancy Nall Derringer has been a writer, editor and teacher in Metro Detroit for seven years, and was a co-founder and editor of, an early experiment in hyperlocal journalism. Before that, she worked for 20 years in Fort Wayne, Indiana, where she won numerous state and national awards for her work as a columnist for The News-Sentinel.

Facts matter. Trust matters. Journalism matters.

If you learned something from the story you're reading please consider supporting our work. Your donation allows us to keep our Michigan-focused reporting and analysis free and accessible to all. All donations are voluntary, but for as little as $1 you can become a member of Bridge Club and support freedom of the press in Michigan during a crucial election year.

Pay with VISA Pay with MasterCard Pay with American Express Donate now

Comment Form

Add new comment

Dear Reader: We value your thoughts and criticism on the articles, but insist on civility. Criticizing comments or ideas is welcome, but Bridge won’t tolerate comments that are false or defamatory or that demean, personally attack, spread hate or harmful stereotypes. Violating these standards could result in a ban.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.


Jim Zielske
Tue, 09/18/2012 - 9:18am
Nancy with the bridge mag. I call FOUL!!!! Your info. is wrong, not accurate. Your article states: The law allows “care-givers” to cultivate up to 12 plants per patient for up to seven patients, the actual law states, 5 patients. There is no excuse for this, your busted!
Nancy Derringer
Tue, 09/18/2012 - 9:28am
Thank you for pointing that out, Jim. I corrected it to six, however, as the law allows for five patients, plus the care-giver can count him/herself.
Tue, 09/18/2012 - 12:52pm
This was a stupid proposal to begin with and it is still stupid. There was no way to adequately address the medical use of marajuana in a ballot proposal. That has created an intolerable system that will not be corrected unless another proposal to repeal this is passed and the legislature addresses it. Plus, while I am sure there ara a few legitmate patients out there, almost every medical marajuana user I have encountered is a young recreational user who has gone to a "medical card mill' to get his card, all for very nebulous "medical" conditions.
Tue, 09/18/2012 - 4:20pm
We have conservatives and libertarians wanting less government interference in our lives while they vote for ideologues like Shuette who has his own government interpretation of what the "voters" want. Canada has decriminalized marijuana and their economy is in better shape than ours. Maybe Rush Limbaugh can make the connection since he was addicted to the real menace - legal, prescription painkillers that no one is talking about...except the Bridge. Although nearly a million Americans are arrested annually for marijuana, alcohol and painkillers are the real addictive demons that are legal and lethal. The sky has not fallen since medical marijuana was instituted in Michigan. Police and prosecutors should focus their resources on violent crime, drunk drivers and white collar scams rather than creating felons out of college kids.