ANN ARBOR – Keg beer may be part of the solution to decreasing high-risk binge drinking on college campuses.
You read that right.
Campus leaders and police say a 2010 law curtailing keg beer at college parties had the unintended consequence of increasing dangerous drinking, because students began filling their Solo cups with hard alcohol. An effort is underway, led by politicians, retailers and at least one university president, to roll back a law that even its sponsor now says is ineffective.
September is the most dangerous month for college drinking, with a new crop of freshmen arriving on Michigan campuses who by and large don’t know their drinking limits, and students “pre-gaming” before college football.
Bridge chronicled one game day on Michigan campuses in 2015. At least 91 were arrested for under-age drinking on four campuses, and 22 were hospitalized for alcohol-related problems in Ann Arbor alone.
In October 2014, more than 200 people flooded into one Lansing emergency room during the Michigan-Michigan State football game, a level of alcohol poisoning that one ER doctor called a “mass casualty event.”
University of Michigan President Mark Schlissel told Bridge last week that high-risk drinking is “one thing that keeps me up at night. I’d say our progress has been slow. It’s been a struggle.”
The frequency of high-risk drinking has remained stubbornly high, with between 41 percent and 46 percent of University of Michigan undergraduate students reporting at least one experience of high-risk drinking in the past two weeks (defined by as four or more drinks for a female student or five or more drinks for a male student). That’s significantly higher than the 32 percent national average, according to survey results from the National College Health Assessment.
University of Michigan President Mark Schlissel says reforms could help college students from “drinking to toxicity.”
“I’m a medical doctor in addition to being a father of four kids who made it through college, and I don’t think it’s really possible to prevent college kids from drinking.” Schlissel said. “I (do) think it is possible to prevent a high fraction of them from drinking to toxicity.”
Consider these frightening statistics from 2014 student surveys:
- At the University of Michigan’s campus in Ann Arbor, almost four out of 10 students who said they drink have done so to the point of blacking out in the previous year
- At Michigan State University, almost a quarter of students surveyed admitted to having unprotected sex while drunk in 2014 – double the rate of 10 years earlier
- At Northern Michigan University, one out of four students drank so much at some point in the previous year, that they couldn’t remember where they were or what they did
- At Central Michigan University, one out of nine freshmen in 2014 said they were the recipients of unwanted sexual contact while drinking; 5 percent said they’d taken advantage of someone sexually while that person was drunk, according to campus newspaper Central Michigan Life.
- One out of eight women students at U-M said they had been the victim of unwanted sexual contact while they were “too drunk to do anything about it.”
A 2011 state law, required those renting kegs of beer to leave their name and contact information, allowing police to more easily charge the hosts of campus keg parties that served beer to underage drinkers.
Keg sales plummeted, but drinking didn’t. Students switched from 10-proof beer to 80-proof vodka, which students could buy by the case without the same identification required for beer.
Schlissel said he would like to see the keg tag law eliminated. “It’s very difficult to drink enough beer to become toxic,” he said. “It isn’t difficult to drink enough vodka to get toxic.”
Keg parties declined sharply after a 2011 law. But that just increased the drinking of hard alcohol like vodka.
Sen. Geoff Hansen, R-Hart, is the sponsor of a bill to repeal the keg tag law. The bill passed the Senate 38-0 in May, and is awaiting consideration in the House. Hansen said he’s unaware of any opposition to the bill.
The keg tag law’s original sponsor is Mark Meadows, who was a state representative for East Lansing, home of Michigan State University, which has occasionally appeared on lists of top party schools over the years. Meadows, now mayor of East Lansing, said in 2015 that the law didn’t appear to have had the positive impact he’d sought.
“It’s a failed experiment,” Hansen said. “It (the repeal) was brought to me by law enforcement, saying, (the keg tag law) doesn’t work. It’s one of those things that looks good on paper but was a dismal failure.”