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Joe Biden’s path to victory in Michigan: Win every county in primary (MAP)


Former Vice President Joe Biden crushed U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders in almost every part of Michigan during Tuesday’s presidential primary, winning all of the state’s 83 counties. 

In an election that saw turnout surge by nearly a third, Biden won big in metro Detroit — but also won the rural counties and those with younger college-aged voters that backed the Vermont senator in 2016.

Statewide, Biden beat Sanders 52.8 percent to 36.5 percent, with the remainder of the votes from absentee ballots for candidates who have dropped out of the race.

The victory was propelled by big increases in turnout perhaps caused by no-reason absentee voting that the state adopted in 2018. In Oakland, Macomb, Kent and Washtenaw counties, turnout grew by over 40 percent.

Biden’s wins were across all parts of the state, in urban, working class, rural and suburban counties. 

Four years ago, for instance, when Sanders upset Hillary Clinton in the Democratic primary, he won Luce County in the Upper Peninsula by 62 percent to 36 percent. On Tuesday, Biden won the county 57 percent to 33 percent.

Biden scored his biggest wins in large suburban counties. In Oakland County, where voters in 2018 flipped several Republican-held state legislative seats, Biden got 56 percent of the vote and won by more than 55,000 votes. 

In 2016, Clinton had won the county too — but by just 8,100 votes. Nearly 73,000 more voters cast ballots in Oakland County this year, a 41 percent jump from 2016.

With his stunning 2016 win that shocked Clinton’s camp and the Democratic establishment, Sanders won 22 Michigan counties with at least 60 percent of the vote. 

The highest he got in any of those this year was 44.6 percent in Isabella County, the home of Central Michigan University.

Sanders beat former Clinton in Kent (62 percent to 37 percent) and Washtenaw (55 percent to 44 percent) counties in 2016 but lost each on Tuesday, though narrowly.

The only potential wrinkle for Biden may be among African-American voters. He won Detroit but by a smaller margin than Clinton, and turnout in the counties with larger African-American populations — Wayne, Genesee, Saginaw, Muskegon — did not increase as much as it did elsewhere.

It was up only 6 percent in Genesee and 15 percent in Wayne County, well below the statewide increase of 31 percent.

Still, Biden won big without much of a get-out-the-vote effort and only one day of campaign visits, compared to five for Sanders. 

The breadth of victory was almost inconceivable two weeks ago, before Super Tuesday and when Biden had lost caucuses and primaries in Iowa, New Hampshire and Nevada.

Unofficial results also showed Biden winning a majority of votes in each of the state's 14 congressional districts, which is  key to determining how many pledged delegates he receives. 

Overall, 125 delegates were up for grabs and the Michigan Democratic Party awards them proportionally based on vote margins statewide and within congressional districts, which are weighted based on Democratic turnout in the 2016 and 2018 general elections.

Biden dominated the 14th Congressional District, the state's largest haul, and is likely to earn at least six of nine delegates there. He appears poised to win four of seven delegates in the 12th Congressional District after beating Sanders by just 20 votes out of 154,753 cast.

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