Michigan Gov. Whitmer on tough first year: ‘I did what I said I was going to’

Gov. Gretchen Whitmer said she tried to do “what I said I was going to do” during her first year in office. Divided government, though, stymied much of her agenda.

LANSING –  She’s the popular “fix the damn roads” candidate whose roads plan crashed and burned at the Capitol. A former legislator who clashed with lawmakers. A rising star in national Democratic politics bogged down by political infighting in her own state. 

Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer's first year in office was, in many ways, defined by another first: The state's first period of divided government in eight years.

The Republican-led Legislature blocked some of the Democratic governor's top priorities, fought back when Whitmer flexed her muscle with executive authority, called her names and refused to let her drive the agenda in a state they were both elected to lead.

But political observers say Whitmer slowed progress with high-risk moves that infuriated GOP lawmakers, including a veto and transfer spree that turned a partisan budget divide into a gulf during a months-long battle that was partially resolved in December.

“I did what I said I was going to do,” Whitmer told reporters this week in a year-end roundtable, referencing her initial budget plan that proposed a 45-cent fuel tax hike and would have reshaped state education spending in a more significant way than the final product.

“These were the fundamentals I ran on,” she said. “Had the Legislature followed suit or worked with me on those things, we could be avoiding the worst pothole season in recent memory, which is what we're gearing up for for in the spring.”

Ultimately, Whitmer’s first year in office included few major Democratic wins in the Legislature, where GOP majorities passed bills at the slowest pace in at least 20 years.

The biggest breakthrough came in May, when Whitmer signed a Republican-led bill to overhaul the state’s no-fault auto insurance system in an attempt to drive down the rates that routinely rank among the highest in the nation. Whitmer also signed bipartisan reforms to “raise the age” and no longer treat 17-year-olds as adults in the criminal justice system. 

“There was a lot of vitriol and sound and fury, but there wasn’t a whole lot of significant policy change that reflected the new governor’s agenda or that moved policy leftward from where it had been under Republican control,” said Matt Grossmann, director of the Institute for Public Policy and Social Research at Michigan State University.

No ‘home runs’

In all, 175 bills made it to Whitmer’s desk in 2019, almost half the number that went to her Republican predecessor, Gov. Rick Snyder, during his first year in office in 2011.

“This isn’t even a criticism, it’s just a fact: this wasn’t a very productive year,” said Senate Minority Leader Jim Ananich, a Flint Democrat and legislative peace broker who described his role as a “translator” between officials from different parties who seem to be speaking different languages.

“I hope that next year… we realize that if we’re going to do this right, we’re going to have to compromise and give and take,” Ananich told Bridge Magazine. “If not, we’re going to have four years of bumpiness.”

Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey, R-Clarklake, said he is pleased with a pace that suggested a GOP commitment to small government. 

“Every piece of legislation steals from somebody’s freedom,” Shirkey told Bridge in a year-end interview. “It’s a marvelous gift. I love that. Pin that on me, and I’ll wear it everyday.”

Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey had his moments with Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, but said they began and ended the year with bipartisanship. (Bridge photo by Dale Young)

House Speaker Lee Chatfield, R-Levering, said the Legislature spent much of the year working on “big ticket” policies, including auto insurance, online sports betting regulations and criminal justice reforms. 

“We focused on some very key priorities that will continue to move our state forward and we accomplished that because it was our focus and we didn't get sidetracked with other issues,” he told Bridge. 

The pace frustrated some of Whitmer’s supporters and allies, including voters in southeast Michigan who helped propel her to office in 2018. Her signature issue, fixing roads, went nowhere when she proposed raising more than $2 billion a year by raising the gas tax by 45 cents per gallon.

“She hasn’t hit any real home runs in a way that has captured the public’s attention,” said Greg Bowens, a southeast Michigan political consultant.

“The thing that tends to stick in people’s mind is that she wants to raise the gas tax 45 cents, and I universally cannot find people who think that’s a great idea.”

Detroit-area activists hoped Whitmer would be more aggressive, Bowens said. The governor hasn’t pushed to repeal the state’s emergency manager law and rankled black voters when she proposed closing Benton Harbor High School, a plan she dropped after public outcry.

“People were so used to protesting the unfairness of governing by Republicans, particularly as it relates to race, that it was kind of shocking,” Bowens said. 

Budget battle

The lack of progress was embodied by a budget battle between Whitmer and GOP leaders that dragged on for nine months.

Avoiding a government shutdown, Whitmer used an unprecedented flurry of executive power this fall to try to force continued negotiations, issuing $947 million in line-item vetoes and using rare executive powers to transfer $625 million within state departments.\

Republicans cried foul, arguing Whitmer usurped the Legislature’s authority to decide state spending plans. The ensuing power struggle jeopardized funding for local sheriffs, county jails, isolated schools districts and rural hospitals.

Outside of Lansing, some Democrats questioned the governor they’d helped elect.

“She had the right strategy with the line-item veto, but then she messed with autism funding and charter schools” said Steve Hood, a Detroit political consultant and talk radio host. “She caused herself a problem.”

While she later reversed cuts, Whitmer initially vetoed $1 million in funding for an Autism Navigator program that provides online resources and a free call center for parents. She also nixed $35 million for charter schools that are popular in southeast Michigan, temporarily denying a per-pupil funding increase provided to other public schools.

The deal Whitmer and GOP leaders struck in December restored $573.8 in vetoed spending and reversed $82.3 million in transfers. It will require the governor to give notice to the Legislature before executing transfers in future years, but require the Legislature to send a budget to the governor three months ahead of the constitutional deadline. 

Left unresolved: how to spend another $373 million in vetoed funding and what to about crumbling roads, mediocre schools or rising college costs, issues that Whitmer campaigned to fix. 

“I'm determined to continue to make greater investments in education,” Whitmer said this week. “But I would have liked to have taken that huge step this year with the budget that I'd introduced.” 

Relationship building… at the bar

State Sen. Curtis Hertel Jr., D-East Lansing, sought to ease tensions between Whitmer and GOP leaders this fall when he helped organize a casual sit-down at Dagwood’s Tavern and Grill. 

The governor, Shirkey and Chatfield gathered at the dive bar on the east side of Lansing. But things appeared to get worse before they got better, at least with Shirkey.

State Sen. Curtis Hertel Jr., D-East Lansing, organized a bar night this fall in an effort to ease tensions between Gov. Gretchen Whitmer and GOP leaders. (Bridge photo by Dale Young)

Speaking to a Republican student group at Hillsdale College amid the budget stalemate, the Clarkale Republican described Whitmer and Democrats as “batsh*t crazy,” a jab the governor said she was “sad to see” and reminded her of “ugly rhetoric” in Washington D.C. 

Whitmer broke the ice two weeks later, sending Shirkey a “bat day” cake for his 65th birthday.

“I think she’s more of a gamer than most people know,” Shirkey said this week in an interview with Bridge. “We started the year off in a rather robust bipartisan way. I believe we ended the year in the same (way).”

But there lessons learned along the way, he said. Among them: “Hard lines are hard to erase” and “When the governor says something, me knowing what she actually means. Because sometimes … we’re talking past each other.”

The quintessential miscommunication was on road funding. Shirkey said he interpreted Whitmer’s proposal to raise the gas tax by 45 cents per gallon as a “BHAG: A big hairy audacious goal.” 

He thought the proposal was intended to say “let’s set an aggressive goal and then see what we can get.”

“Over time it became clear to me, at least my interpretation was, that was it and there wasn’t any negotiating about it,” Shirkey said.

Unlike her Republican predecessor, Whitmer served in the Legislature and has been up-front about bills she intends to veto –  but willing to negotiate changes, Hertel said.

Sen. Ed McBroom, R-Vulcan, said Whitmer’s legislative experience could ultimately help, but hasn’t paid dividends because “we’ve been so bogged down in the budget.”

“As much as I liked (Sndyer) and admired so much of what he did, at times he didn’t seem to understand how frustrating it could be to legislators to have policies vetoed and never get a phone call to give them a five-minute chance to explain why they thought it was a good idea,” McBroom said.

‘I’m not perfect’

Still, Whitmer has frustrated Democrats at times, particularly when she negotiated primarily with Republicans on auto insurance reform.

“We can definitely do better in that area, in making sure that all parties are at the table,” House Minority Leader Christine Greig, D-Farmington Hills, told Bridge this week. 

“Because the last thing you want is for a significant part of the Legislature to not be up to speed on the details of a deal. And yes, you know, to be honest, there were a couple times where I felt that way.”

Blocked by the Legislature, Whitmer pursued her agenda this year by using her executive authority. She issued a combined 34 executive orders and directives in 2019, topping Snyder’s high of 26 in 2016 and nearly doubling his average of 17. 

This week, she signed an executive order creating a new Michigan Poverty Task Force in state government.

Whitmer’s directives, limited in scope because they apply only to state government, created new internal ethics rules, toughened workplace protections for women, gay and transgendered employees, committed the state to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and sought to increase contracting opportunities for businesses in economically-distressed areas.

“She is building a state government that this entire state can be proud of because it looks like us,” said Greig. “And that is a huge step in really delivering on Democratic values.”

Whitmer also bypassed the state Legislature in an attempt to ban the sale of flavored vaping products under emergency rules form the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services that have been challenged in court and eased rules for accessing public welfare programs.

While 2019 had its bumps, Whitmer said the year has helped her improve time management, making sure her administration is “putting our priorities where they really need to be” by engaging with people and businesses across the state. 

“I’m not perfect,” the governor said. “I certainly have learned a lot in this process.”

Facts matter. Trust matters. Journalism matters.

If you learned something from the story you're reading please consider supporting our work. Your donation allows us to keep our Michigan-focused reporting and analysis free and accessible to all. All donations are voluntary, but for as little as $1 you can become a member of Bridge Club and support freedom of the press in Michigan during a crucial election year.

Pay with VISA Pay with MasterCard Pay with American Express Donate now

Comment Form

Add new comment

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Comments

Rod J
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 8:46am

She forgot to mention she DID Not take care of the seniors pension tax relief she promised during her campaign

Keith
Sat, 12/21/2019 - 1:15pm

Amen! Not a word about it!

Matt
Mon, 12/23/2019 - 8:13am

Clearly election pandering to her union supporters. Either she was hit with a sudden dose of principle (all income should be taxable rather than special carveouts) or she decided she really just wanted the money after all. I'll bet the later.

Mike Foster
Thu, 12/26/2019 - 10:39am

Yes, as an independent voter, I voted for Gov. Whitmer. She and her opponent made that ending of pension tax as part of both their platforms. A Republican legislator made proposal in Jan 2019 to end pension tax. In this past year no action or comments by the Governor about that. Why? Unless I see or hear actions by her, I will look at other candidates at the next gubernatorial election.

middle of the mit
Sun, 01/05/2020 - 11:12pm

Why then....I am going to hit you HARD!

It was the Republicans that put the taxes on pensions! And yet YOU thought Bill full of Schutte was going to take away what his party put into law?

YOU LITERALLY WERE HIT WITH A HAMMER AFTER THE LAST RECESSION THAT FALLSTREET GAVE US! I have no clue how you voted..but it was.........

OVER HOMEOWNERS!

I don't know how you voted the last 10 years All I can gather from your post is that it wasn't for a Schauer.

I am trying to be nice this New Year.

The Governor can only do what the legislature will allow her to do.

They are literally allowing a vote on what should be a referendum for abortion and then turning that into law with less than 5% of the population. And now you want to blame dems for not protecting your Pension, when the Republicans were the ones that taxed them in the first place? Who are you and what do you stand for?

Just YOUR PENSION? That is a lonely place to stand. Especially going against Republicans who are the only party that WILL short you on YOUR PENSION.

See cons....You always have to hit the MAMMON IN EVERY INDIVIDUAL.....ESPECIALLY YOU!

As if you need to know what the gOD OF THIS World is?

Do you?

Mammon.

marco
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 8:53am

After "one tough nerd," Michigan elects somebody like Whitmer.

EB
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 9:00am

Our first fair legislative district elections in two decades won't happen until 2022, the first election after the gerrymandering fix. We should have a less partisan legislature at that point, since candidates will have to appeal to a wider spectrum of voters to win office, not just the radicals in their own party.

It seems unlikely that any of our major problems, like roads, will be resolved before this major problem with our representative democracy (gerrymandering) is resolved.

John Q. Public
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 10:49am

Yea, good timing as it appears the serial non-truth teller, Ms Whitmer; No, I won't raise your gas taxes, is unlikely to be around after the 2022 election.

John Q. Public
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 2:36pm

That post wasn't from me.

Jim C
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 9:02am

She didn't get her way exactly the way she wanted it so she gutted state monies to Northern Michigan. Her fix the roads were manipulated to direct all the monies to SE Michigan. She is the most blatently paritisan politician Michigan has seen in some time.

Don
Sun, 12/22/2019 - 8:11am

I like to know WHO is paying for all the new road repairs that are going on like I-696 form I -75 to I -94 rebuilt last year all this summer they were working on it and I-75 South Detroit a complete tear down and rebuilt>>>> We need an audit of were OUR road money went under Engler, GrandMold and Snyder the Snake!!!!

Nate Natty
Sun, 12/22/2019 - 4:10pm

Sorry, we definitely needed it more than any other part of the state after scummy brown noser Synder blew it elsewhere on themselves and on the western yooper side of the state. The entire freeway system within Metro Detroit was literally crumbling after a decade of that piece of trash. You know, the largest one in the state and one of the largest in the country. An area diverse politically and the like, where everyone of us and our vehicles were getting screwed and people were literally getting killed because of it.

Anonymous
Fri, 12/20/2019 - 7:18pm

She did what she ran on???

I'm sorry, but can ANYONE cite the part of her campaign where she proposed a 45-cent gas tax?

Obviously, I missed that part of her campaign.

Joey g
Sun, 12/22/2019 - 8:37am

The lakeshores in Michigan are falling into the lake but she does nothing

Guitarilla
Mon, 12/23/2019 - 9:31pm

So, when do we get a non-corrupt, not-lobby supported Governor who actually cares about ALL of Michigan?

Pamela
Sat, 12/28/2019 - 10:04am

You did nothing you that your campaign promised. You need removed

Helen
Sat, 12/28/2019 - 9:30pm

Well that's a damn lie. She swore to our brain injury survivors to their faces that she wasn't going to sign the no fault changes. Turned right around and held secret meetings behind closed doors and agreed to them. Guess it was too much pressure from her insurance exec daddy.