Four people, four reasons child care costs are a growing crisis in Michigan

Don't let this baby fool you - no one is happy with the child care system in Michigan. (photo by Amber DeLind)

A young family scheduling the birth of children around child care costs

A child care worker with an associate’s degree earning less than $13 an hour.

A child care provider dealing with a revolving door of workers leaving out of frustration or to make more money.

A business owner so fed up with child care complaints from employees that he started his own child care center.

It this system sustainable?

Related: CEOs, Republicans add voices to Michigan’s child care ‘crisis’

Karissa and Steve Purchase and their children, Neil, left, and Lincoln

The parent

Steve Purchase is vice president of an urban redevelopment firm in Lansing. The 35-year-old and wife Karissa, 33, have college degrees and good jobs. Yet the cost of child care impacts their lives in ways big and small.

To save on monthly bills, they lease cars instead of buying, and drive less-expensive vehicles than they did in the past. They eat out less. The cost of child care – currently $1,243 a month for their six-month old son – was a deciding factor in when the Lansing couple had children.

They waited five years after the birth of their first son, Lincoln, before having a second child so they would only have one child care payment at a time.

“When we were planning our family, we were thinking, ‘I don’t know if we can afford (child care),’” Steve Purchase said. “It’s like a second mortgage.”

Still, the Purchase family is lucky they have the ability to grudgingly pay the for high-quality child care at Educational Child Care Center (EC3) in Lansing. For a family earning Michigan’s median household income of about $55,000, infant or toddler care at EC3 would swallow 27 percent of gross earnings.

Related: Child care for this baby costs more than the University of Michigan
Related: Michigan’s low investment in child care costs state and poor children alike

That leaves many families having to balance quality of care versus cost – or having to decide whether taking a job is worth the cost of child care.

Steve Purchase serves on the board at EC3, and said that experience has shown him that no one – families, workers, providers or businesses – feels the child care system is working.

Even at $1,243 a month for infants and toddlers, it’s difficult for the nonprofit child care center to cover expenses, Purchase said, even when teachers at the center are paid a maximum of about $35,000 a year.

“There’s a tension between providing high quality and value for families, and providing adequate salaries to retain quality teachers,” Purchase said. “Frankly, I think it’s embarrassing what we pay our childcare providers, considering all they do and we expect of them. They’re educating kids, preparing them to be successful in kindergarten. We’ve seen that in our kindergartener, Lincoln, how important early child care is.

“What it does, it puts centers and families in positions to delicately balance that quality-versus-cost proposition,” Purchase said. “It’s a very costly service to provide. And it impacts decisions families make.”

Buffy Clements

The teacher

Buffy Clements is 43 years old. She has an associate’s degree in child development, four years’ experience as a child care worker and sometimes pays for her own required additional training. She works at a highly rated child care center in Lansing, caring for the children of business leaders and professionals who work near the Capitol.

Her salary is $27,500, the equivalent of less than $13 an hour and similar to the average pay of an assistant manager at Jimmy John’s.

Clements is actually lucky – the average U.S. child care worker earned $23,760 in 2017. Ads for child care workers in the Lansing area offer salaries as low as $9.25, Michigan’s minimum wage.

“We put a lot of time and effort into our jobs,” Clements said. “I’m always trying to take other classes and conferences. We’re expected to grow and expand to continue our education, but not supported. We are extremely underpaid.”

Some of her former co-workers at Early LCC, based at Lansing Community College, where Clements works, quit when they started families because they can’t afford child care for their own children, Clements said.

That’s similar to what happened to Clements when she and her husband started a family 19 years ago. After child care costs for her first child, Clements said she would have brought home $2 an hour from a full-time job. Instead, the family survived on her husband’s paycheck, and she stayed home with their kids.

When her youngest child was 10 (Clements has three children, now ages 19, 17 and 14), Clements went back to work. She said she loves working with young children, and paid about $6,000 in tuition to complete an associate’s degree in child development. She is lead teacher in a classroom of children ranging from 14 months to three years.

“I have children in my care from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m., Clements said. “We spend more (waking hour) time with these children than their families, and that gets lost.

“These children are like my own children. I’m literally educating these children. And the pay is kind of insulting.”

Elisabeth Weston

The director

Elisabeth Weston is executive director of Early Learning Children's Community based on the campus of Lansing Community College. The center has a capacity of 80 children. There is a 13-month waiting list to get a spot in the infant room. “We tell people if you’re serious enough to go on a second date, you should put your name on the list,” Weston said.

The center is split 50-50 between families who pay market price for their children ($304 per week for an infant or toddler), and families who receive some financial aid. While balancing the books for the nonprofit center, Weston walks a financial tightrope between the two types of families, while also struggling to pay her teachers enough to keep them from jumping ship to easier low-paying jobs or dropping out of the workforce altogether.

Michigan’s child care subsidies “don’t even approach our costs,” Weston said. “The hardship that's put on these families, the ones who need it the most, who need the help the most, is not fair. But it's like the rest of society, you know, we make the poorest people work the hardest for any assistance that they get. And that's true in education, even early education.”

Sometimes low-income families enrolled at the center can’t pay the tuition that remains after the state’s low reimbursement rate is applied, and Weston has to tell them to leave.

“It’s heartbreaking,” Weston said. “They are the families who need high quality child care the most. I can’t squeeze more out of my families.

“The people who are involved in this type of work, especially the front- liners, the teachers and the support staff, they have a passion for children,” Weston said. “They believe this is the way to improve society, this is their impact on the world. And they’re met with so much frustration and heartbreak right from the get go.

“I've seen a lot of people who start out their careers with all those great ideals, and they are jaded quickly. I've seen (teachers) leave here to leave the whole sector, you know, and not just because of the money although that's a big piece of it, but also because it's not supposed to be this way,” Weston said. “We're supposed to help families. How can we turn these families away?”

John Wilson and his grandson, Colin Westgate

The CEO

John Wilson is chief executive officer of Western Land Services Inc., an oil and gas leasing company in Ludington. The company has more than 400 employees across the country, helping clients drill more than 13,000 wells over four decades.

One of Wilson’s biggest headaches: child care.

Workers “couldn’t get child care,” Wilson said. “Or there was a lack of flexibility where employees had to work around the schedule of child care, or the cost (was too high).

“Child care is what allows people to be successful.” Wilson said. “If you don’t have access to affordable child care, you can’t enter the workforce.

“Our childcare system is badly broken,” Wilson said, “and it’s getting worse rather than better.”

Through his family foundation, Pennies from Heaven, Wilson launched Oaktree Academy, a nonprofit center in Ludington that offers workers affordable, high-quality child care.

“It’s one of our state’s greatest needs,” Wilson said. But in Michigan, “delivering good quality child care is not easy.”

Low child care funding from the state and a maze of regulations (child care centers answer to three different state agencies) make operating child care centers “a fricking disaster,” Wilson said. “They treat these providers like they’re a dentist office, and these people don’t have resources.”

Changing the regulations “probably wouldn’t cost a penny,” Wilson said. But he’s not optimistic.

“Child care doesn’t have a lobby,” Wilson said. “They’re all individuals, they’re not organized. So the legislature doesn’t hear from them.

“People don’t realize the connection between child care and young family success,” Wilson said.

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Comments

Don
Fri, 01/25/2019 - 9:23am

It all the laws that the republicans passe through that raised the cost of a child care place,, AND no more can you run one out of your home like in the 50 -90s

Chris Bazzett
Sat, 01/26/2019 - 2:37pm

Yes you can run a daycare in your home and this article, like most discussion about child care ignores that. In my area, most children are cared for in home based child care.

Mary Therese Lemanek
Fri, 01/25/2019 - 10:11am

Businesses need to share the cost of quality day care that pays appropriately. The social and economic benefits both short and long term are significant.

Nora
Fri, 01/25/2019 - 12:13pm

I worked in early childhood for over 35 years and everything written here is true. What happens is that those who can't afford the expense of child care often make all sorts of sub-par arrangements in order to work. They get a neighbor to watch them, an older sibling, a relative, or they piece meal together 4-5 people to take turns watching them in various arrangements. What needs to happen is the state and the federal government need to create something like a foundation grant that goes to public schools that follows children from birth. This money can supplement partial pay, depending on income, that parents give. You can't get high quality staff that remain for years when you pay as much as McDonalds or you can't afford to give them health insurance so they go to Starbucks where at least they can get that. It's a shame. The youngest children are vulnerable but also they possess rights to safe, high quality care as they grown up. They have a right to be given not just an ok beginning, but the best we can offer.

Derek
Sat, 01/26/2019 - 1:48pm

“Child care is what allows people to be successful.” Wilson said. “If you don’t have access to affordable child care, you can’t enter the workforce.

Wait, let me get this straight. Being successful means having someone else raise your kids so you can work? Does anyone else see the real problem? It isn't affordable childcare it's the fact that no longer can a family afford to have one income on a college degree. The real problem is that, at least in my experience, most people seem to think that's okay.

Our children are no longer our children. This explains quite a bit.

Robyn A Tonkin
Sun, 01/27/2019 - 11:27am

I appreciated what you wrote, Derek, but I think your words' directness will anger some people. I can only speak for my own experience, but my experience indicates that other women have contempt for women who do not work outside the home. I also experienced contemptuous treatment when people found out that I am dependent on my husband for my retirement benefits. I am a baby boomer. My generation was in the vanguard of voluntary universal female employment. People have chosen to completely forget that the economy adapted to what was initially womens' insistence on working outside the home. The mythology now is that women had to go to work, sort of like an army of peacetime Rosie the Riveters. This was not true for many middle and upper class women. Working class women, and single women supporting their children have often had to work. The largest result of the Women's Movement of the 1960's and 1970's was women's insistence on wholesale acceptance of working wives and mothers, married or not, supported by husbands or not. I am college educated and I chose not to work. I worked at home, raising our child, and living sort of a back to the land existence, heating the house with wood (in the U.P.), making food from scratch, finishing the drywall and making our child clothes from cut-down adult garments. I totally supported my husband in his two careers--US Forest Service and Army Reserve. I was treated with complete contempt by my own mother and mother in law, with jealousy by my divorced sister, with barely concealed frustrated rage by other inlaws, and, and often, with offhanded contempt and disrespect by my husband's female colleagues. My oldest sister in law fell just short of telling my husband to divorce me, since I was not "pulling my weight." She accused me of "clinging to the marriage." It didn't help that I am eccentric, and don't go out of my way to please--I'm too busy. If I am living on a strict budget, I don't fix my hair, wear makeup, or travel to family events. After our child was in college, I worked, a little, in Florida where my husband was on active duty for a time. A co-worker saw him pull up to where we were working, on his motorcycle, a tall, good looking field grade officer, and began telling me that I needed to keep working in order to get my own social security. When I told her "If he was going to divorce me, he would have done it twenty years ago", she left me alone.

I applied for Medicare on my husband's work record late last year for a January start (hooray!!--great program) and the customer service rep attempted to strong-arm me into taking Social Security now instead of waiting to full retirement age. When I told our daughter, she indicated that the woman believed I "needed my own money." Really? Now, at 65? Sharing my husband's money as one half of a committed marital unit has worked pretty well so far....and isn't that my business? This speaks to the heart of this issue. Stay at home women have to explain their lifestyle and apologize for what they do, when the biggest reason for doing it--raising your child yourself--stares people in the face. It seems the only ones who don't have to defend their stay at home status today are Evangelical Christians. Their religious views give them a free pass to stay home.

I support whatever it takes to get good quality, affordable, available childcare for kids in this country. This was an issue identified in the early 1970's--why are we still gnashing our teeth and dragging our feet on it all these years later? Children need good care. Some women need to work, some women don't, but they all get to work, and we as a society have to help care for and raise their children. That's just the way it is now. We need to care about the quality of childhood for the next generation.

Arjay
Sun, 01/27/2019 - 7:27am

Simple statement: Lack of pre-planning on your part does not constitute an emergency on my part.