Michigan schools already planning for likely ‘rolling closures’ from COVID

Schools haven’t even opened yet in Michigan, and school leaders are warning parents to be prepared for possible closures due to coronavirus cases among students and teachers. (Shutterstock)

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Even before Michigan schools reopen, education leaders are preparing for re-closings — discussing when and how to quarantine entire classrooms of children and how to shutter buildings where there are coronavirus outbreaks.

Despite unprecedented precautions, ranging from face masks for all adults and students in middle and high school, to beefed-up bathroom cleaning protocols, school officials say it’s inevitable that some schools that reopen this fall for face-to-face instruction will have to switch back to remote learning when students or teachers test positive for the potentially deadly virus. That’s already happening in states where schools have opened for the new school year. 

“It’s going to happen,” said Randy Liepa, superintendent of Wayne Regional Service Agency, which coordinates services for school districts in Wayne County. “We could have rolling closures,” as schools close for students to quarantine and for deep cleanings, and then reopen.

Michigan’s public and private K-12 school buildings have been closed since mid-March in an attempt to slow the spread of the coronavirus. Homebound students received online lessons or printed packets of homework through the end of the 2019-20 school year in June.

Gov. Gretchen Whitmer released a school reopening plan that allows schools to open their doors to students in the fall with stringent safety requirements. School districts around the state are required to release their own reopening plans by Aug. 15. Already announced plans run the gamut from in-person instruction with an option of online learning, to complete online learning, to hybrid models.

Michigan school leaders have been shaken in recent weeks by sobering news reports from states that have already opened schools. For example:

“We’ve gotten to monitor what’s happening in other states,” Liepa said. “My read is, it’s making us pretty uncomfortable.”

Whitmer referenced the increased risk of outbreaks from students returning to classrooms Friday in a news release announcing that she was extending a declaration of emergency for the state through Sept. 4. “States that have reopened schools have already begun to see new cases,” the release said.

Michael DeVault, superintendent of Macomb Intermediate School District, said parents in Macomb County want schools to return to in-person instruction. DeVault said most Macomb districts have delayed “pulling the trigger” on reopening plans until next week, but that as of Friday, he expected most districts to try to reopen their classrooms while also providing an online learning option for families that prefer staying home for now.

“Things could still change,” DeVault said. “Every letter that goes home to moms and dads” emphasizes the uncertainty of the school year, DeVault said.

Rochester Community Schools in Oakland County chose to start the school year online, as did nearby districts in West Bloomfield and Birmingham. In its announcement to families Friday, Birmingham referenced outbreaks in schools in other states.

“We did not feel we could open for a few days and then close down if we had to,” said Rochester Superintendent Robert Shaner. “We wanted a good start on remote so families are comfortable with that if we need to return” to online-only learning.

Liepa said a lot of school districts are now considering a “soft launch” for the school year. Some will start fully online for a few weeks and monitor what happens in districts that bring students back to classrooms. Others are considering bringing back small groups at first, such as special needs students or small cohorts of elementary students, and build from there.

“In terms of closing down, I’m not making predictions about this,” Rochester’s Shaner said. “We’ve never quarantined whole classrooms or figured out how long a teacher should be out if they test positive. We have over 80 medically fragile staff members. If someone comes to work and is sick  — say it’s a high school teacher who comes in contact with 120 kids — what do we do? It’s quite a puzzle.”

Helping to piece together that puzzle for schools are county health departments, which are providing guidance about what to do if a student or staff member tests positive. 

In Kalamazoo County, the health department recommends schools isolate students who are showing symptoms of coronavirus and have parents pick them up from school and take them to a doctor’s office. If the student tests positive, the health department begins contact tracing to identify and warn others who may have been in close contact with the student.

Jim Rutherford, health officer for the Kalamazoo County Health Department, said his office hasn’t issued cut-and-dried protocols for whether schools should send home a classroom of students when a classmate tests positive.

“I understand the anxiety of parents,” Rutherford said. “I wholeheartedly expect we’ll get some positive cases [in schools]. The good news is that COVID doesn’t have a terrible detriment on people under 18.

“It’s important that people have perspective of where we’re at, and let science help us make good decisions,” Rutherford said.

In Macomb and Wayne counties, county health departments have issued guidance for schools on actions to take in case of coronavirus infections among students or staff. Macomb’s guidance wasn’t immediately available, but in Wayne County, schools are recommended to close if 25 percent of students are in quarantine due to possible exposure.

“I doubt schools will wait till [25 percent] to close,” Liepa said.

The nightmare scenario for school officials is that by the time they discover a student or teacher has COVID-19, the virus has spread across the building. Liepa gave the example of the Florida Marlins major league baseball team, “and they started with one case and in a few days, had 20.” Eighteen players and two coaches tested positive.

“And that’s an organization with unlimited resources” to test and trace, Liepa said. “You can imagine the remarkable anxiety for staff and parents” at a school.

Rochester’s Shaner said a child care center operated by the school district had a possible COVID case this week. Though the person turned out to test negative, the district spent hours contact tracing and communicating with parents of 30 students.

The time and effort increases “exponentially” this fall if a student in a crowded high school tests positive.

“We’re way underestimating the complexity of this situation,” Shaner said. “God, I hope this chaos doesn’t last for a year, but it could.”

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Kathleen K
Fri, 08/07/2020 - 5:22pm

Opening with the intent to close is criminal negligence. It’s like spinning the roulette wheel with people (student and teachers). I’m horrified that a leader would admit this publicly.
Parents trust that it is safe to go back if an administration opens a school building; not that their kid is considered a number on spinning wheel.

Any Board of Ed member that votes to open a school building plan betting on closing, should be voted out. They are elected to discern, not go with the flow.
Again, I’m horrified.

Sat, 08/08/2020 - 10:07am

Novi is one of those districts. They just put so many districts in a bind in that area as most are starting remote (maybe all soon) but somehow their school board voted 4-3 to do the hybrid and are on the news showing how they still plan to do band etc... It’s like they’re in some fantasy world ready to plow ahead no matter what ignoring what’s going on. I’m sure the Governor will intervene at some point to stop these outliers from putting students and staff at risk with reckless decisions.

Sun, 08/09/2020 - 7:50am

You're right. I suspect there is some gaming going on by districts desperate to increase enrollment who are hoping to snag school of choice students of working parents whose current districts decided to start virtual.
The system where schools are funded on a per pupil basis makes sense on paper but it has created many negative effects. This is one of them. The effect is schools with declining enrollment (often poorer communities) lose resources. With no raises, the best teachers move on to wealthier growing districts. Parents then move their students out of the underfunded districts. It has created a second white flight. 4 years ago Bridge broke this down really well using East Detroit and Lakeview as examples.

Sat, 08/08/2020 - 9:40am

All buildings have not been closed since March. How can you fail to mention summer school in Detroit where at least 3 students tested positive?

Sat, 08/08/2020 - 1:38pm

We tried reopening. It didn't work. Now we look to open schools, with little or no physical distancing and shaky mask requirements. We know Covid infection will lead to rolling closures. New research suggests potential long term neurological issues for children infected with covid19. And Macomb parents want kids in classrooms? What could go wrong? Mine stay home.

Mon, 08/10/2020 - 5:42pm

Respect your opinion, but disagree. Hopefully, will be option for in person.

Gloria Currie
Sun, 08/09/2020 - 8:52am

People don't see how serious this is its really gone bad in the wintertime

Sun, 08/09/2020 - 9:06pm

I agree with Kathleen. And I believe that schools need to open up and stay open especially with how we now have studies that show that children are not harmed by this virus nor can they transmit it. It would be complete injustice and unfairness to school children to not let them continue on with a good education and normalcy.

Mon, 08/10/2020 - 4:54pm

This is misinformation. Children most certainly can be harmed and they can also transmit the virus. If children can't be harmed and can't transmit the virus then why are we seeing outbreaks in schools that are reopening? Look at what happened in Israel when they reopened schools. Don't think that is relevant because they are across the globe? Look at what is currently unfolding in Georgia's schools.

Mon, 08/10/2020 - 5:44pm

Not entirely true, but mostly agree.

Sun, 08/09/2020 - 10:15pm

Why even open? It's too risky and there aren't the funds needed to provide minimal safety

Mon, 08/10/2020 - 4:57pm

Don't think it's too risky

Mon, 08/10/2020 - 5:45pm

Don't think it's too risky.

Mon, 08/10/2020 - 12:54pm

Planning for rolling closures is ridiculous, extremely disruptive for EVERYONE and highly risky regarding community spread.

Frank robinson
Mon, 08/10/2020 - 5:02pm

Once virtual school is the equivalent of in person learning I'm all in. No more hour long class with worksheets and the rest dumped on mom and dad. Of course if the teachers want to give me a cut of their pay I could go along.

Tue, 08/11/2020 - 9:08am

Effective teaching requires creating a safe learning environment for everyone. This ain't it. Our president and his team have bungled our national response to the Covid pandemic, and we don't meet international standards for a SAFE return to school. Never thought our country would be pitied by others, but we are. Opening, then closing schools because of child and staff infection will be pitiable as well. A national embarrassment, really.