Why rural Michigan teens are skipping out on college. It's not grades

Chelsey Ivy graduated this spring from Marlette Junior/Senior High School in Sanilac County. She and other rural grads are underrepresented on Michigan’s college campuses. (Bridge photo by Ron French)

 MARLETTE – Chelsey Ivy faced a lot of obstacles getting to college. Her parents didn’t think she should go. She didn’t know how she could afford it. She worried she wouldn’t fit in.

And that was before she encountered her first traffic circle.

Driving from her rural community in Michigan’s thumb to tour Eastern Michigan University, Ivy and her boyfriend took an exit in Washtenaw County and found themselves driving on a traffic circle, with cars zooming past her 1996 Saturn.

“We’d never seen one of those turnaround things,” Ivy said. “We were like, ‘Wait, it’s a circle!’ We were just like holding on, going 10 miles an hour, trying to figure it out. We went around more than once. We said, ‘Oh wait! That was it!’ and we’d go around again.”

August 2019: Being poor on rich U-M campus still a struggle as school broadens reach

The road to college can be scary for small town teens. Ivy grew up in Marlette, a community of 1,800 people in western Sanilac County, where the closest two- and four-year colleges are an hour away. Just 13 percent of county residents have a bachelor’s degree or higher, half the college attainment rate of Michigan (27 percent), which itself is far below the national average (31 percent).

For low-income, first-generation rural teens like Ivy, going to college can be intimidating, both because of its unfamiliarity and its perceived cost. These teens enroll in college at lower rates, and drop out at higher rates.

Even for kids like Ivy, with a high grade point average and an ACT score in the 87th percentile nationally, college wasn’t a sure thing.

“I didn’t really want to go to college,” said Ivy, who enrolled at Eastern Michigan for the fall. “But I didn’t want to work at Little Caesars the rest of my life.”

Michigan is in the bottom third in the nation in percent of adults with a bachelor’s degree or higher. That matters to the state economy because college grads make almost $1 million more over the course of their careers than those with just a high school diploma. Michigan ranks 36th in college degree rate, and 34th in income.

Michigan didn’t make a list of 20 finalists for a second Amazon headquarters in January partly because the state wasn’t perceived to have enough college grads for the jobs that would be created by the new business.

If Michigan is going to increase its number of college grads, a good place to start is with students like Ivy and her classmates in places like Sanilac County, where, with more college dropouts than graduates, higher education is often viewed with skepticism.

Those who leave Sanilac County to go to college and earn a degree often do not return, said Melissa Anderson, executive director of the Sanilac County Community Foundation; those who drop-out of college “come back home to live with mom and dad.

“So we don’t get the success stories. We get the horror stories of hopes dashed and college debt but none of the earning potential,” Anderson said. “You hear about a friend who went to college and dropped out and they’re working at Walmart.”

So parents in the rural part of Michigan’s thumb sometimes see college as a lose-lose proposition, Anderson said: If their son or daughter earns a degree, they move away; if they drop out, they’re back in the county trying to get a job at a factory to pay off their student loans.

“It’s not just one family unit affected by it,” said Anderson, whose organization helps promote postsecondary education and training. “The extended family is affected because they’re tied together economically and socially. So when somebody doesn’t complete, the ripple effect is huge because the community is so close-knit.”

Ivy said her parents didn’t encourage her to go to college. Neither of them had any experience with higher education and “they said they couldn’t help pay for it so I’d have to pay for it myself,” she said.

The 4-H member and softball player said she assumed she couldn’t go to college because of the cost, until she was accepted at Eastern Michigan and received a large amount of financial aid.

The sticker price for tuition, room and board, books and fees at Eastern Michigan for the 2016-17 school year was $23,385 ‒ a price that would seem out of reach for low-income students. Teens like Ivy who don’t have family members who’ve gone to college sometimes don’t realize that the sticker price isn’t the real cost of college for low-income students. At Eastern, the average net cost of a year at the college for families earning under $30,000 a year is less than $12,000.

Related: Ignore the sticker price at Michigan universities. Here’s the real cost

Between federal grants and EMU scholarships, Ivy said she’s receiving about $13,000 in financial aid that she won’t have to pay back.

This summer, Ivy is working at Little Caesars and Subway. “I’m hoping to make $5,000 this summer,” Ivy said. “I’m not spending anything. It’s all going to college.”

Ivy spoke to me in May in a Marlette classroom that is used by Rebecca Balcer, an Americorps college adviser who splits her time between the small Sanilac schools of Marlette and Brown City. Balcer is one of 104 recent college grads who work in 125 low-income and rural high schools across the state helping teens apply to college, through AdviseMI and similar programs through the University of Michigan and Michigan State University. Those 125 schools represent just 40 percent of the high-need schools in the state, according to Brandy Johnson, executive director of the Michigan College Access Network.

Related: Lack of college guidance keeps poor and rural students from applying

On one wall of Balcer’s room is a large bulletin board with the names of students who’ve been accepted to various colleges.

Marlette Junior/Senior High School sends half as many students to four-year colleges as the state average. (Bridge photo by Ron French)

In 2016-17, the most recent year for which data is available, 44 percent of Marlette’s seniors enrolled in higher education at a two- or four-year institution.  That’s notably lower than the state average of 60 percent. Marlette grads enrolled in four-year colleges at half the rate of their peers around the state. (20 percent to 39 percent).

Across Sanilac County, six of the seven school districts lag the state average in college enrollment.

Balcer said the kids in rural schools can do well in college, but they often lack confidence, saying they don’t know if they’ll “fit in” at a big campus. “It’s self-perpetuating,” Balcer said.

Ivy said she was initially intimidated by the size of the sprawling Eastern Michigan campus in Ypsilanti when she visited last fall. “I assumed it would look like this small little dink of a school,” she said, laughing, waving her hand around the classroom. “And then I went there and it was huge and they had different buildings for different classes.

“I’m kind of nervous about people,” said Ivy, whose biggest trip before college was visiting her grandmother in Florida at age 7. “Being from a small town, I wonder about meeting people.”

In 2016-17, there were 517 seniors who graduated from the high schools in Sanilac County.

“You go to a university like MSU or U-M, and you’re going to sit in a lecture hall with more students than graduated in your entire county,” said Anderson, of the Sanilac Community Foundation. “That’s culture shock. It would be like if you took me as a full-grown functioning adult, and plopped me in a country where I don’t speak the language. They don’t speak academia. They don’t know the culture. They know nothing about what it’s like to live in a major city.

“And we send them (from rural Michigan to a university campus) and tell them to learn, survive, and thrive in a place they’ve never imagined. It’s a scary place at first. I get why our kids from rural areas have apprehension. Because there’s no guarantee of success, and no support once you leave here.”

If Ivy’s class is similar to past classes of Marlette graduates, about 40 percent who enroll will drop out without a degree of any kind.

Related: Michigan’s College Dropout Dilemma

“A lot just don’t think they’re college material.” said Marlette Junior-Senior High counselor Joan Helwig. “I went to a scholarship ceremony today, handing out scholarships. One of my grads from last year got brought up. She went to Central (Michigan University) and she took out loans, but she’s not there anymore. This isn’t even a year. She’s back here now, planning to go be a flight attendant.

“We can get them to go,” Helwig said, “but in the end, do they follow through? That’s the issue. The bottom line is, the job market has changed. You need to pursue some kind of post-secondary education after you leave here. But it’s a culture thing.”

To try to change that culture, Marlette dropped its normal school field trips a few years ago, and used the time and money instead to put kids on buses to visit college campuses. Freshmen visit Delta College, near Saginaw, and Saginaw Valley State University; sophomores go to Central Michigan University.

Helwig recalls taking a busload of 10th-graders to St. Clair County Community College, and “one of our first-generation students said he couldn’t believe how far he had to walk between classes. I said ‘If you think you walked a long way between buildings at SC4 (the acronym for the community college), try Michigan State.’”

The trips are meant to demystify college for students whose only exposure to higher education may be from TV shows, said Helwig and Balcer. But the school is limited to visiting campuses within two hours of Marlette – buses can’t leave until kids are dropped off at school in the morning, and must be back to take kids home.

Michigan’s public universities are beginning to experiment with ways to get more low-income and rural students into higher education. Many offer generous financial aid to low-income Michigan students The University of Michigan offers four years of free tuition to students from families earning under $65,000 a year. Central Michigan University reimburses transportation costs to school districts that bus teens to the Mt. Pleasant campus for a college tour.

Related: To get first-generation students to college: Could the answer be…a bus?

Those efforts are a way to at least dent the anti-college culture many students in Sanilac County grow up in, says the Community Foundation’s Anderson.

“It’s a disservice we’ve done to our youth, these parents, uncles and aunts, who say, ‘Well, I didn’t have a degree and I got this job and it pays money and we do fine.’” Anderson said. “But they don’t realize what the future holds. Students need a plan after high school.”

Ivy went to freshmen orientation at Eastern Michigan recently. “They asked, ‘Does anyone have any questions,’ and I kept raising my hand,” she said. “I had a lot of questions.”

She said she’s been thinking about how a small-town girl can make friends on a campus of 17,000 strangers.  “Maybe I’ll go sit in the coffee shop for a day and see if there are any other kids who like coffee as much as I do,” Ivy said. “I was pretty intimidated, but now I’m excited. It’s a whole new world.”

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Thu, 07/12/2018 - 8:52am

Many rural schools no longer have the luxury of career advisors/counselors who can help kids explore and navigate the post secondary possibilities. It is sad that these resources no longer exist for rural youth ( thanks mostly to school funding issues).

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 9:19am

The schools are now turning to external help like the AdviseMI program's advisers that are funded partially through the Americorps program and partially through partner universities across the state. These folks are recent graduates that get placed in high schools across the state to plan college-going culture events, getting students to colleges, applying for college/scholarships/financial aid. The cost of these advisers is significantly less for the schools than a traditional counselor because they are funded through multiple sources. The position can be pretty helpful for the advisers, too. The AdviseMI program pays $24,000 annually and offers a full year pell grant (about $6,000 right now) that can be used only for federal student loans or an upcoming semester (like graduate school). I didn't find out about the program until I was no longer qualified, only folks who have graduated with a bachelor's within the last two years are eligible.

David Waymire
Thu, 07/12/2018 - 9:35am

That we consider career advisors/counselors a "luxury" says volumes about how far our state has sunk when it comes to ensure all children have the opportunities wealthy children take for granted. And we have political candidates running for governor who have tax cuts as their top priority -- not addressing this divide.

Karen Dunnam
Thu, 07/12/2018 - 9:22am

My advice to Chelsey: join the marching band at EMU, and the Washtenaw Community Concert Band which meets at WC3. Any ensemble that decks out for Halloween is worth a look!

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 10:34am

Sixty percent of first time college attendees will start at community colleges. Reform of the community college system in Michigan would be a good place to start to solve this problem. Currently the system is a patchwork that leaves large rural areas outside of a community college district and thus increases the cost for many. Also expanding the use of online education could lower the costs and make instruction more readily available. The current system controlled by the community colleges keeps costs high and selection limited. Online classes actually cost more rather than less when the current system is used.

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 11:09am

If the dire gap in technical skills is the real barrier to jobs in MI - where is the emphasis on going to trade schools?

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 12:07pm

These are the Trump supporters. They don't believe in education. Now they are getting what exactly what they voted for, low wage fast food restaurant jobs for life with no healthcare.

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 12:26pm

Having graduated from Marlette High School in the late '70's, I find this article fascinating. Although I don't have statistics in front of me, I would guess that the percentage of graduates going on to institutions of higher education was higher back then. There is a lot to unpack in this article, and I will be pondering over it for awhile. In the meantime, good luck to you, Chelsey Ivy. EMU is a great school, and if you can join a few groups that share your interests, you will do fine. Give yourself time to adjust to the area, including the roundabouts. :) Driving here is a lot different than traveling M53 or M46!

Wed, 09/19/2018 - 8:02am

I graduated in 1970 but from a small Catholic high school in Michigan. I went on to college and too thought the percentage of students, especially female, going on to college was large. I was VERY wrong. Only found that out 20 years later. Parents play a large part in whether or not their children go on to college, as evidenced in this article. My mother was a widow but always encouraged my brother and myself to go to college. She always said, didn't matter where and we'd find the money. As with Ivy, scholarships and PELL grants came through. Sad that PELL grants are being cut now. Ivy is a lucky one to get the chance at a college education. Hope her story inspires others.

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 12:35pm

Wonder how many high school courses in rural areas offer college credits? Focused students could easily earn 6-12 credits before graduating high school. They would save thousands of $$$ AND feel ahead of the game with their jump start.

Schools should also provide life skills learning opportunities, maybe even after school for those interested. This would let students discuss issues and develop a plan before moving hundreds of miles from home.

Another idea would be for universities to provide buses. They could coordinate with several districts in the area. Provides relief for schools as well as some good will for those who feel like colleges are just trying to make a buck.

William Berry
Thu, 07/12/2018 - 2:05pm

My youth was much like Ivy's. Neither parent graduated from high school, lived payday to payday, did not purchase their first home until my brother and I were old enough to work and contribute to family finances. no encouragement for me or my brother to get educated. But somehow I became determined to do better. It was a struggle, starting at community college while working full time as an apprentice, getting married and sending three children to MSU, dropping out for ten years because I was working 10&12 hours, 6&7 days a week. Finally graduating from Mercy College of Detroit's weekend college at age 55. I think all of us adults are failing our youth when we do not push harder to encourage and insist on never ending improvement,

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 8:20pm

I disagree with the comment the counselor made about “needing” to go to post secondary school. If every single student that graduates high school attends college and graduates with a degree, then we would be even more short handed in the skilled trade careers. There are successful people that don’t get a degree; they get trained in a particular skill and can flourish in the adult world without one. High school graduates become so overwhelmed when they are told they have to go to college to be successful and they will never be able to survive without a degree. Many husband and I are very well off and neither of us have a degree. The statement that people have to get post secondary schooling to survive is complete nonsense.

Mon, 07/16/2018 - 9:01am

Mikayla, "post secondary schooling" does not mean "college." It means schooling after secondary school and includes certifications, apprenticeships, technical competences, and other forms of education that are commonly required for a skilled workforce. You may be right that there are individual people who do not need any education beyond high school to survive, but 'survival' isn't the goal -- personal, familial, community, state, and national economic vitality is the goal.

Andrea Seeborg ...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 12:03pm


Fri, 07/13/2018 - 6:10pm

The question is will this be the last we hear of Ivy and her graduating peers? Will the students who follow them hear of their experience and begin to learn what to expect, how to address it, what they can do, what they will learn? Will they learn from Ivy success and from that of her peers?
Will Mr. French and Bridge forget about her, like they did those students in Walled Lake school merge, will they ignore an opportunity to tell the story and lessons of Ivy and her peers?
This article is well done, as Mr. French regularly does. It introduces us to the realities of students in Michigan, but as Bridge history shows a lack of interest, lack of follow through with the story of individuals changing Michigan and what happens when the students decide to make the sacrifice, take the risk, and confront the challenges.
Please, follow Ivy and others so others in Michigan can better understand what students can do.

Tue, 07/17/2018 - 12:05pm

It would help if the teathers where not so hateful to this kids back grounds. Most univerty teachers are anti god anti gun anti america things that are big in small towns

Wed, 07/18/2018 - 2:54pm

If you want to go to college, you have to have the courage to face people different from yourself.
Come on, take your life in your own hands. Maybe other people's values are not against yours, just different.

Charlotte Will ...
Wed, 07/18/2018 - 9:07pm

Don’t worry Chelsey Ivy, you will make friends! It sounds like you are open to meeting people, and many kids will be in the same boat you are. Try not to be intimidated by people who are different from you - rather be curious. Look at it as an opportunity to learn about different cultures, ideas, and ways of being. I grew up in rural Alcona County and went to U of M in Ann Arbor. Yes, it was a culture shock, but also an experience I wouldn’t trade for the world. Some of my roommates and neighbors in the dorm became lifelong friends. It won’t necessarily be an easy transition, but I suspect you will find it very rewarding. Best of luck!

Fri, 07/20/2018 - 11:54am

Maybe people in rural communities should take the initiative, if they didn't isolate themselves then something like a roundabout or an immigrant wouldn't be a terrifying experience for them. Most people are nervous to leave home and worry about fitting in and paying for college, regardless of where they are from. It sounds like a lot of ignorance. But really, good for Chelsey.

James Constantine
Wed, 03/20/2019 - 3:28pm

I taught high school Industrial Education for 25 years. Many of my students would come to me their senior year, worried about their future because they were not going to be attending college. I told them that college is not necessary for future success. Many of these students already had basic knowledge and skills related to the metal working trades. I encouraged them to check out the tech-centers that were within an hour of our school district. Many of them did so and now, years later, have very successful careers with good wages and benefits. Today, tech-centers are better than ever and the job market for skilled people is booming. Even in this 21st century a college education is not necessary to secure a decent job.