Smoke over Michigan skies as western wildfires burn

Smoke from wildfires burning in the West has reached Michigan, causing a pinkish-orange tint to the morning sunrise. (Photo courtesy of the National Weather Service in Gaylord)

Michigan awoke to a pink-tinted sky Tuesday morning, a sign that smoke from devastating wildfires in the western United States has made its way across the continent and into our atmosphere.

But unlike West Coast residents who are experiencing some of the world’s worst air quality as a result of the blazes, Michiganders can breathe easy for now.

 

The plume of smoke hovering overhead has not impacted air quality. The Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes and Energy’s air quality forecast showed healthy air throughout Michigan on Tuesday, despite the hazy skies.

That, said Stephanie Hengesbach, a meteorologist and air quality forecaster with EGLE, is because the smoke is too high in the atmosphere to affect air quality close to the ground. 

“It’s acting more like a cloud layer,” she said. 

But climate experts say the smoke is a reminder that Michigan is not immune to the worsening effects of climate change that is spurring increasingly severe fires Out West. Here’s what you need to know: 

What’s causing the smoke?

Widespread wildfires along the West Coast, particularly in the Pacific Northwest. 

So far, more than 5 million acres have burned in Oregon, California and Washington. Dozens have died, more are missing, tens of thousands have been evacuated from their homes, and millions have been advised to remain indoors to avoid breathing air thick with smoke.

Wildfires are a fact of life in arid parts of the western states, where summers can be hot and dry, turning the landscape into kindling. 

This year’s wildfires are different, though: Severe drought across the West and highly unusual wind patterns whipped existing blazes into megafires, driving fire deep into temperate rainforests that rarely burn and smoking out cities far from the flames.

While it’s difficult to attribute any single event to long-term climate patterns, megablazes like the ongoing fires are expected to become more common as climate change progresses, fueling hotter, drier Western summers. 

How will fires affect Michigan air quality? 

So far, Hengesbach said, there has been no impact on Michigan’s air quality. 

Although westerly winds in the upper atmospheric have driven a rather thick plume across the United States and into Michigan, competing winds and high pressure in the lower atmosphere are preventing the smoke from sinking low enough to affect Michigan’s air quality. 

Hengesbach said she expects that to remain true in the coming days. 

Weather patterns further into the future are hard to predict, but Dan Cornish of the National Weather Service in Gaylord said shifting wind patterns in the coming days could carry the smoke away from Michigan.

However, if the weather shifts in the wrong way, Michigan could begin to see air quality impacts. Hengesbach said EGLE air quality forecasters “will be updating our air quality forecasts and letting the public know if they need to take care.”

Is Michigan at risk for similar fires? 

Not in the near term, said Paul Rogers, a wildland fire prevention specialist with the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.

Fire danger across much of Michigan was low Tuesday following recent rains in much of the state, although unusually dry conditions persist in parts of southwest Michigan and the Thumb. 

That said, Michigan is not immune to large blazes. Fires of 20,000 or more acres happen about once every decade, Rogers said. The most recent was the 2012 Duck Lake Fire in the Upper Peninsula’s Luce County, which burned some 22,000 acres.

This fire season has been comparatively mild. Rogers said DNR fire crews have responded to 183 fires this year, which have burned a combined 719 acres. The bulk of them were human made, often caused by escaped flames from a burning debris pile.

Michigan’s state’s relatively flat, heavily-roaded terrain and milder, more humid climate make it easier for firefighters to combat blazes. The vast majority, Rogers said, are extinguished within a day.

Compare that to Oregon, where the Beachie Creek Fire smoldered for weeks deep in the rugged, difficult-to-reach Opal Creek Forest before strong winds whipped it into a massive inferno that had burned more than 190,000 acres as of Tuesday.

“Very rarely do we ever see something like that,” Rogers said.

As part of a mutual aid agreement with the U.S. Forest Service, Michigan has sent more than 30 fire personnel and five fire engines to the West Coast to help combat the blazes, Rogers said.

Is Michigan vulnerable to similar natural disasters from climate change?

Yes. But rather than the drought-fueled megafires or the West of the increasingly strong hurricanes of the Gulf states, Michigan’s primary climate hazard will be water, said State Climatologist Jeff Andresen of Michigan State University.

The blazes burning out West and sending smoke into Michigan, Andresen said, “are an example of the extreme conditions we can expect, just in another form.”

And it’s not a future threat, he said. It’s happening now. 

The past five years have been Michigan’s wettest five-year period on record, Andresen said. Last year was the wettest since record-keeping began, with statewide average precipitation of 41.8 inches—a full 10.7 inches above the long-term average.

And with more rain comes more flooding, and more loss of life and property. 

For a glimpse at the expected toll, look no further than the extreme rains that flooded out mid-Michigan and caused two dam failures in May, yielding multiple class-action lawsuits and more than $200 million in damages. Or the Father’s Day floods of 2018, which killed a 12-year-old boy, damaged 900 homes and caused $100 million in public infrastructure damages in the western Upper Peninsula. Or the metro Detroit floods of August 2014, which registered as the most costly weather disaster in Michigan history. 

The message for Michiganders, said Paige Fischer, an associate professor in the University of Michigan School for Environment and Sustainability who studies how people adapt to climate change, is this: 

The smoke’s impact in Michigan may be little more than a tinted sky. But “there are major climate-driven changes happening in Michigan right now that are transforming our ecosystems.”

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Comments

Biden Harris 2020
Tue, 09/15/2020 - 8:33pm

We have to follow the science. How can you want a Space Force, but be anti-science?

Carole
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 8:47am

The climate has been changing since the inception of the planet and will continue to do so. Government is part of the problem by allowing development of areas that should have remained as they were to protect the ecology. This is very evident in Louisiana. In the case of the fires in California, part is due to poor forestry mgmt and carelessness by people. There are also those who set fires on purpose. Those who think we can control the climate should ask themselves if we can't control people how do we think we can control the climate.

Larry
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 10:29am

Significant to the fires out west are human causes. It is known that a major fire was started by a gender reveal firework, and others were started by an arsonist. Lack of forest management, especially in California, is a major driver of the uncontrollable spreading.

Blue
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 8:36pm

Pretty sun, but so sad. Probably dangerous to look at it through the smoke, but haven't heard any warnings saying not to do so. White sky. Strange. I miss the blue.

Climate Change?
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 10:13pm

https://twitter.com/atrupar/status/1305570417873244160?ref_src=twsrc%5Et...

President Trump tried to explain to reporters how poor forest management can lead to wildfires.

Said Trump: “When trees fall down after a short period of time — about 18 months — they become very dry. They become really like a matchstick.”

He added: “They just explode. They can explode. Also leaves. When you have years of leaves, dried leaves on the ground, it just sets it up. It’s really a fuel for a fire. So they have to do something about it.”

It's just trees spontaneously combusting! Libs and their conspiracies!

Huh?

Dead trees that don't fall dry out, but don't tend to spontaneously combust. Dead trees that do fall and hit the ground tend to grow moss and rot. Leaves for the first part of the year are dry, after that? They turn to dirt. Where do you think dirt comes from? Rotting trees and leaves! Someone has never been off the street, sidewalk or finely manicured lawn, let alone the beaten path!! I have seen video of the phenomenon of standing trees burning.........from the inside out.............but only during a forest fire or lightning storm.

https://www.sciencealert.com/watch-this-devil-tree-in-ohio-is-burning-fr...

But what is America going to do about this? Nothing. Nothing at all. Because we are too obsessed with mammon. And that mammon is dependent on oil. Even though hemp oil could replace all your plastics and more.......while being highly replaceable and environmentally conscious........and if we had kept researching non oil energy sources for the last forty years instead of throwing it in the crapper............

How much longer are we going to listen to people who think trees spontaneously combust and we need to rake our forests?

I have heard of willful ignorance..........but some people are bringing a whole new perspective to that definition.

John
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 11:33pm

This reads like a DNC acceptance speech.

Trump's America
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 2:48am

The sky has been white for days, both day and night. Now the weather has been noticeably colder. No stars or moon at night. No beautiful late summer blue skies during the day. Wildfires across the west, flooding in the south, uncontrolled plague across our nation, violent civil unrest, and a war against science.

https://www.cnn.com/videos/politics/2020/09/16/scientific-american-first...

Biblical destruction of God's creation.

Logic
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 8:19am

Because.... Climate change.

George Z
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 9:43am

New normal, white sky, colder weather? Life with less of our Lord's warming sun.

Kathleen Hanson
Mon, 09/21/2020 - 9:33pm

What about California not maintaining their forests as a cause for the fires?? They have been woefully neglected for years. Climate change is not totally to blame. Plus, some fires have reportedly been intentionally set by humans . Please report this accurately and don't blame the California fires solely on climate change.