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50 facts that frame Michigan, from health care and poverty to income

Demographics 

  • Population, 2019: 9,986,857 (10th in nation)
  • Population growth, 2010-2019: 1 percent (7 percent nationwide)
  • Median age, 2018: 39.8 (38.2 nationwide)
  • Racial makeup, 2018: 78.3 percent white, 13.8 percent black, 3.3 percent Asian and 2.9 percent of residents who identify as two or more races (nationwide: 72.2 percent white, 12.7 percent black, 5.6 percent Asian, 5.1 some other race and 3.3 percent multiracial).
  • Ethnicity: 5.2 percent Hispanic (18.3 percent nationwide)
  • Foreign-born residents, 2018: 7 percent (13.7 percent nationwide)
  • Homeowners, 2018: 71 percent homeowners (64 percent nationwide)
  • Renters, 2018: 29 percent renters (36 percent nationwide)
  • Percent living in urban areas or suburb, 2017: 82 percent (84 percent nationwide)
  • Poverty rate, 2018: 14.1 percent (13.1 percent nationwide)
  • Child poverty, 2018: 19.4 percent (18 percent nationwide)

Education

  • Adults with high school diploma, 2018: 91.1 percent (88.3 percent nationwide)
  • Adults with at least a bachelor’s degree, 2018: 29.6 percent (32.6 percent)
  • Fourth-graders proficient in reading, 2019: 31 percent (35 percent nationwide)
  • Fourth-graders proficient in math, 2019: 36 percent (41 percent nationwide)
  • Annual expenditures per pupil, 2016: $10,823 ($11,841 nationwide)
  • Average teacher salary 2018: $62,702 annually ($60,483 nationwide)
  • State funding for higher education 2019: $1.45 billion
  • State funding for higher education, 2010, inflation adjusted: $1.64 billion
  • Per-pupil spending on needs-based college grants, 2018: $223 ($533 nationwide)
  • Average college student loan debt, 2018: $35,307 ($35,359 nationwide)

Economy

  • Median household income, 2018: $60,449 annually ($63,179 nationwide)
  • Average weekly wage, 2018: $1,077 ($1,144 nationwide)
  • Per capita income, 2018: $48,423 ($54,446 nationwide)
  • Labor force participation, 2018: 61.7 percent (63.2 percent nationwide)
  • Median home value, 2018: $162,300 ($229,700 nationwide)
  • Growth in median home value, 2010 to 2018: 14 percent (10 percent nationwide)
  • Total real property values, 2019: $429.7 billion (up 12.7 percent since 2015)
  • Jobless rate, 2018: 4.1 percent (3.6 percent nationwide)
  • Gross domestic product, 2018: $527 billion (14th nationwide) 
  • Total personal income, 2018: $484 billion (12th nationwide)

Health

  • Life expectancy, 2017: 78.1 years (79.1 nationwide)
  • Violent crime rate per 100,000 residents, 2018: 490.3 (369 nationwide)
  • Primary care doctors per 100,000 residents, 2019: 205.2 (159.6 nationwide)
  • Adult suicide rate per 100,000 residents, 2019: 14.5 (14.5 nationwide)
  • Youth suicide rate per 100,00 residents, 2019: 9.2 (7.8 nationwide)
  • Drug overdose deaths per 100,000 residents, 2019: 24 (19 nationwide)
  • Residents without health insurance, 2018: 5 percent (8.5 percent nationwide)
  • Smoking rate among adults, 2019: 18.9 percent (13.7 percent nationwide)
  • Obesity rate among adults, 2019: 33 percent (30.9 percent nationwide)
  • Child immunization rate, 2017: 69.9 percent (70.4 percent nationwide)

Government

  • Voters in 2016 general election: 64.7 percent (59.3 percent nationwide)
  • Number of Democratic voters in 2016 presidential primary: 1.2 million
  • Number of Republican voters in 2016 presidential primary: 1.3 million
  • State and local taxes per capita, 2016: $4,082 ($4,946 nationwide) 
  • Per-capita government spending, 2017: $5,459 ($5,976 nationwide)
  • Federally funded roads in poor condition, 2018: 41 percent (20 percent nationwide)
  • Bridges that are structurally deficient, 2018: 10.7 percent (7.6 percent nationwide)
  • Average legislator salary, 2018: $71,685 (fourth-highest nationwide)
  • Adults employed by governments, 2018: 13.8 percent (15.2 percent nationwide)
  • Incarcerated adults per 100,000 residents, 2018: 641 (655 nationwide)

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