50 facts that frame Michigan, from health care and poverty to income


  • Population, 2019: 9,986,857 (10th in nation)
  • Population growth, 2010-2019: 1 percent (7 percent nationwide)
  • Median age, 2018: 39.8 (38.2 nationwide)
  • Racial makeup, 2018: 78.3 percent white, 13.8 percent black, 3.3 percent Asian and 2.9 percent of residents who identify as two or more races (nationwide: 72.2 percent white, 12.7 percent black, 5.6 percent Asian, 5.1 some other race and 3.3 percent multiracial).
  • Ethnicity: 5.2 percent Hispanic (18.3 percent nationwide)
  • Foreign-born residents, 2018: 7 percent (13.7 percent nationwide)
  • Homeowners, 2018: 71 percent homeowners (64 percent nationwide)
  • Renters, 2018: 29 percent renters (36 percent nationwide)
  • Percent living in urban areas or suburb, 2017: 82 percent (84 percent nationwide)
  • Poverty rate, 2018: 14.1 percent (13.1 percent nationwide)
  • Child poverty, 2018: 19.4 percent (18 percent nationwide)


  • Adults with high school diploma, 2018: 91.1 percent (88.3 percent nationwide)
  • Adults with at least a bachelor’s degree, 2018: 29.6 percent (32.6 percent)
  • Fourth-graders proficient in reading, 2019: 31 percent (35 percent nationwide)
  • Fourth-graders proficient in math, 2019: 36 percent (41 percent nationwide)
  • Annual expenditures per pupil, 2016: $10,823 ($11,841 nationwide)
  • Average teacher salary 2018: $62,702 annually ($60,483 nationwide)
  • State funding for higher education 2019: $1.45 billion
  • State funding for higher education, 2010, inflation adjusted: $1.64 billion
  • Per-pupil spending on needs-based college grants, 2018: $223 ($533 nationwide)
  • Average college student loan debt, 2018: $35,307 ($35,359 nationwide)


  • Median household income, 2018: $60,449 annually ($63,179 nationwide)
  • Average weekly wage, 2018: $1,077 ($1,144 nationwide)
  • Per capita income, 2018: $48,423 ($54,446 nationwide)
  • Labor force participation, 2018: 61.7 percent (63.2 percent nationwide)
  • Median home value, 2018: $162,300 ($229,700 nationwide)
  • Growth in median home value, 2010 to 2018: 14 percent (10 percent nationwide)
  • Total real property values, 2019: $429.7 billion (up 12.7 percent since 2015)
  • Jobless rate, 2018: 4.1 percent (3.6 percent nationwide)
  • Gross domestic product, 2018: $527 billion (14th nationwide) 
  • Total personal income, 2018: $484 billion (12th nationwide)


  • Life expectancy, 2017: 78.1 years (79.1 nationwide)
  • Violent crime rate per 100,000 residents, 2018: 490.3 (369 nationwide)
  • Primary care doctors per 100,000 residents, 2019: 205.2 (159.6 nationwide)
  • Adult suicide rate per 100,000 residents, 2019: 14.5 (14.5 nationwide)
  • Youth suicide rate per 100,00 residents, 2019: 9.2 (7.8 nationwide)
  • Drug overdose deaths per 100,000 residents, 2019: 24 (19 nationwide)
  • Residents without health insurance, 2018: 5 percent (8.5 percent nationwide)
  • Smoking rate among adults, 2019: 18.9 percent (13.7 percent nationwide)
  • Obesity rate among adults, 2019: 33 percent (30.9 percent nationwide)
  • Child immunization rate, 2017: 69.9 percent (70.4 percent nationwide)


  • Voters in 2016 general election: 64.7 percent (59.3 percent nationwide)
  • Number of Democratic voters in 2016 presidential primary: 1.2 million
  • Number of Republican voters in 2016 presidential primary: 1.3 million
  • State and local taxes per capita, 2016: $4,082 ($4,946 nationwide) 
  • Per-capita government spending, 2017: $5,459 ($5,976 nationwide)
  • Federally funded roads in poor condition, 2018: 41 percent (20 percent nationwide)
  • Bridges that are structurally deficient, 2018: 10.7 percent (7.6 percent nationwide)
  • Average legislator salary, 2018: $71,685 (fourth-highest nationwide)
  • Adults employed by governments, 2018: 13.8 percent (15.2 percent nationwide)
  • Incarcerated adults per 100,000 residents, 2018: 641 (655 nationwide)

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Mon, 02/10/2020 - 8:54am

Thank you for giving us these facts. I appreciate Bridges commitment to keeping Michiganders informed.

As with any data, this is a point in time. It might be good to publish the same data for 2010 and 2000 for comparison purposes.

Mon, 02/10/2020 - 9:35am

Should include a cost of living index vs. US, to give income numbers context.

Mon, 02/10/2020 - 11:20am

The editor[s] got it wrong, these are not 'Fifty Facts.'
This is data, not facts. Bernadette emphasizes this point very well, "As with any data, this is a point in time."
These numbers tell us nothing about the issues/problems, nothing about what to work on, nothing that helps readers understand what can be done to improve Michigan, improve lives, nor help readers decide what they will do and how they will vote this fall.
It isn't the numbers but what creates those numbers that are most valuable to readers. I wish Bridge reporting about how and why these numbers happen.
The reality is that the numbers aren't telling about events, they aren't data that measures repetitive activities that can be fixed in the same way as manufactures do with their processes, the events that are create the similar but individual, there is no 'magic arrow', 'silver bullet', 'Tinkerbell' 'fairy dust' that can 'kill' a few causes to fix the issue/problem[s].
We could benefit from better understanding the event these numbers represent, how and why the events happen the way they do. It would be very informative if Bridge reports describe the anatomy of events that each of the 'Fifty Factors' represent.

John S.
Tue, 02/11/2020 - 10:49am

Thanks for this information. For some of these items, depending on the shape of the distributions, the median would be a better benchmark than the mean or average. Also, it would be interesting to know Michigan's rank among the 50 states or its percentile rank.

Donna J Thoma
Thu, 02/13/2020 - 10:20am

Education...I have often said, we either invest in education or build more jails. As a person who volunteers with juvenile offenders in the courts, as well as being a youth camp counselor, (as a 76 year old) I can see a link in generational family education to detention, jail, and prisons. The lack of good employment opportunities, single parent issues, etc seems to go hand in hand with educational issues. Testing...only gives a smidgen of the true picture. Youth want to know more about "balancing a checkbook, reading and understanding contracts, preparing and preserving food, things of every day life", etc. And yes, that was in quotes because many teens have said those things to me. They want adult interaction and guidance, not punishment but do need good examples, mentors... They don't all plan to go to college, but need more guidance toward good trade schools or community college training opportunities. Basically...we need to stop teaching them to pass a test, but rather...information retention. That also means...perhaps teachers need less "paperwork" and more quality teaching time.

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 10:32am

How much is it investing in schools, prisons, books, shackles, and how much is the individual investing in themselves that are likely to change people's lives? I ask this because it seems all we hear about is spending more money on education and on prisons and how all the government needs is higher taxes.
With you experience how many of those in the prison system stayed in school and made the choice to study rather than hang with the kids around them? How many of those that are in the prison system that return to prison went back to school and did the studying necessary to learn?
My concern is if learning success [avoidance of crime] is most influenced by the choices/actions [studying] of the individual than the buildings and books and systems, we are not talking about and trying to figure out how to get the individual engaged/interested in learning and doing the work it takes to learn.
From you experience when is the best time a person's life should be interrupted to prevent or turn them away from crime? How do you think that interruption could be best done?